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    ITGA9 integrin subunit alpha 9 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 3680, updated on 3-Jul-2016
    Official Symbol
    ITGA9provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    integrin subunit alpha 9provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:6145
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000144668 HPRD:04910; MIM:603963; Vega:OTTHUMG00000130815
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    RLC; ITGA4L; ALPHA-RLC
    Summary
    This gene encodes an alpha integrin. Integrins are heterodimeric integral membrane glycoproteins composed of an alpha chain and a beta chain that mediate cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion. The protein encoded by this gene, when bound to the beta 1 chain, forms an integrin that is a receptor for VCAM1, cytotactin and osteopontin. Expression of this gene has been found to be upregulated in small cell lung cancers. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
    Orthologs
    Location:
    3p21.3
    Exon count:
    28
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 3 NC_000003.12 (37452322..37819790)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 3 NC_000003.11 (37493813..37861281)

    Chromosome 3 - NC_000003.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene golgin A4 Neighboring gene RNA, 5S ribosomal pseudogene 129 Neighboring gene chromosome 3 open reading frame 35 Neighboring gene RNA, U7 small nuclear 73 pseudogene Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L21 pseudogene 135 Neighboring gene ITGA9 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase complex assembly factor 4 pseudogene 3 Neighboring gene CTD small phosphatase like Neighboring gene microRNA 26a-1 Neighboring gene villin like

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    NHGRI GWAS Catalog

    Description
    A genome-wide association study identifies ITGA9 conferring risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    A genome-wide association study of behavioral disinhibition.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    Genome-wide association study combining pathway analysis for typical sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Chinese Han populations.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    Genome-wide association study identifies novel loci associated with circulating phospho- and sphingolipid concentrations.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    Novel loci associated with PR interval in a genome-wide association study of 10 African American cohorts.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog
    • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, organism-specific biosystemAdapted from KEGG: http://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/hsa/hsa05412.html
    • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), organism-specific biosystemArrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited heart muscle disease that may result in arrhythmia, heart failure, and sudden death. The hallmark pathological findings are prog...
    • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), conserved biosystemArrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited heart muscle disease that may result in arrhythmia, heart failure, and sudden death. The hallmark pathological findings are prog...
    • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance / axon pathfinding is the process by which neurons send out axons to reach the correct targets. Growing axons have a highly motile structure at the growing tip called the growth cone, w...
    • Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), organism-specific biosystemCell adhesion molecules are (glyco)proteins expressed on the cell surface and play a critical role in a wide array of biologic processes that include hemostasis, the immune response, inflammation, em...
    • Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), conserved biosystemCell adhesion molecules are (glyco)proteins expressed on the cell surface and play a critical role in a wide array of biologic processes that include hemostasis, the immune response, inflammation, em...
    • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
    • Dilated cardiomyopathy, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dilated cardiomyopathy, organism-specific biosystemDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart muscle disease characterised by dilation and impaired contraction of the left or both ventricles that results in progressive heart failure and sudden cardiac d...
    • Dilated cardiomyopathy, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dilated cardiomyopathy, conserved biosystemDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart muscle disease characterised by dilation and impaired contraction of the left or both ventricles that results in progressive heart failure and sudden cardiac d...
    • ECM proteoglycans, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      ECM proteoglycans, organism-specific biosystemProteoglycans are major components of the extracellular matrix. In cartilage the matrix constitutes more than 90% of tissue dry weight. Proteoglycans are proteins substituted with glycosaminoglycans ...
    • ECM-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      ECM-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystemThe extracellular matrix (ECM) consists of a complex mixture of structural and functional macromolecules and serves an important role in tissue and organ morphogenesis and in the maintenance of cell ...
    • ECM-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      ECM-receptor interaction, conserved biosystemThe extracellular matrix (ECM) consists of a complex mixture of structural and functional macromolecules and serves an important role in tissue and organ morphogenesis and in the maintenance of cell ...
    • Extracellular matrix organization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Extracellular matrix organization, organism-specific biosystemThe extracellular matrix is a component of all mammalian tissues, a network consisting largely of the fibrous proteins collagen, elastin and associated-microfibrils, fibronectin and laminins embedded...
    • Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Focal Adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Focal adhesion, organism-specific biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • Focal adhesion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Focal adhesion, conserved biosystemCell-matrix adhesions play essential roles in important biological processes including cell motility, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, regulation of gene expression and cell survival. At the...
    • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), organism-specific biosystemHypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary myocardial disorder with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance that is characterized by hypertrophy of the left ventricles with histological feat...
    • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), conserved biosystemHypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary myocardial disorder with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance that is characterized by hypertrophy of the left ventricles with histological feat...
    • Integrin cell surface interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Integrin cell surface interactions, organism-specific biosystemThe extracellular matrix (ECM) is a network of macro-molecules that underlies all epithelia and endothelia and that surrounds all connective tissue cells. This matrix provides the mechanical strength...
    • Integrin-mediated cell adhesion, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Integrin-mediated cell adhesion, organism-specific biosystemIntegrins are receptors that mediate attachment between a cell and the tissues surrounding it, which may be other cells or the extracellular matrix (ECM). They also play a role in cell signaling and ...
    • L1CAM interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      L1CAM interactions, organism-specific biosystemThe L1 family of cell adhesion molecules (L1CAMs) are a subfamily of the immunoglobulin superfamily of transmembrane receptors, comprised of four structurally related proteins: L1, Close Homolog of L...
    • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
    • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
    • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, organism-specific biosystem
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
    • Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton, conserved biosystem
      Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
    • Signal transduction by L1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal transduction by L1, organism-specific biosystemBesides adhesive roles in cell cell interaction, L1 functions as a signal transducing receptor providing neurons with cues from their environment for axonal growth and guidance. L1 associates with be...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    collagen binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    laminin binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    metal ion binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    cell adhesion IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    extracellular matrix organization TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    integrin-mediated signaling pathway IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    neutrophil chemotaxis IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    wound healing IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    basal plasma membrane IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    integrin alpha9-beta1 complex IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    integrin complex TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    plasma membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Preferred Names
    integrin alpha-9
    Names
    integrin alpha 9
    integrin alpha-RLC
    integrin, alpha 9

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    Genomic

    1. NG_016166.1 RefSeqGene

      Range
      5001..372469
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_002207.2NP_002198.2  integrin alpha-9 precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_002198.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AC092055, BC030198, BX647350, D25303, L24158
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS2669.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q13797
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      Q8N6H6
      Related
      ENSP00000264741, OTTHUMP00000161385, ENST00000264741, OTTHUMT00000253361
      Conserved Domains (2) summary
      smart00191
      Location:361414
      Int_alpha; Integrin alpha (beta-propellor repeats)
      pfam08441
      Location:459903
      Integrin_alpha2; Integrin alpha

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108 details...

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000003.12 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      Range
      37452322..37819790
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Genomic

    1. NC_018914.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      Range
      37445418..37812994
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)