Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

BAX BCL2-associated X protein [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 581, updated on 11-Sep-2014
Official Symbol
BAXprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
BCL2-associated X proteinprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:959
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000087088; HPRD:02498; MIM:600040; Vega:OTTHUMG00000160476
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
BCL2L4
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the BCL2 protein family. BCL2 family members form hetero- or homodimers and act as anti- or pro-apoptotic regulators that are involved in a wide variety of cellular activities. This protein forms a heterodimer with BCL2, and functions as an apoptotic activator. This protein is reported to interact with, and increase the opening of, the mitochondrial voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC), which leads to the loss in membrane potential and the release of cytochrome c. The expression of this gene is regulated by the tumor suppressor P53 and has been shown to be involved in P53-mediated apoptosis. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants, which encode different isoforms, have been reported for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Location:
19q13.3-q13.4
Exon count:
7
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
106 current GRCh38 (GCF_000001405.26) 19 NC_000019.10 (48954860..48961798)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 19 NC_000019.9 (49458117..49465055)

Chromosome 19 - NC_000019.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene nucleobindin 1 Neighboring gene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase (dimeric) Neighboring gene ferritin, light polypeptide Neighboring gene glycogen synthase 1 (muscle)

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env PDGF protects neurons from gp120-induced cytotoxicity through an increased phosphorylation of both GSK-3beta and Bad, the downregulation of the proapoptotic protein Bax, and inhibition of gp120-induced release of mitochondrial cytochrome C PubMed
env The combinatorial toxicity of cocaine and gp120 is accompanied by an increase in both caspase-3 activity and expression of the proapoptotic protein Bax in HIV-associated neuropathological disorders PubMed
env Syncytial apoptosis mediated by the fusion of cells expressing HIV-1 gp120 with cells expressing the CD4/CXCR4 receptor/coreceptor complex causes phosphorylation of p53 on serine 15 and Bax upregulation PubMed
env Induction of apoptosis in cell cultures through binding of HIV-1 gp120 or gp160 to CXCR4 involves protein kinase C, basic fibroblast growth factor, caspase-3, and the pro-apoptotic molecule Bax PubMed
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat-induced apoptosis through increased expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, proapoptotic protein Bax and activation of caspases CASP3 and CASP9 is inhibited by estrogen receptor beta (ER)-mediated estrogen treatment PubMed
tat Expression of HIV-1 Tat in hematopoietic cells results in downregulation of Bcl-2 and upregulation of Bax, resulting in the induction of apoptosis PubMed
tat PDGF-BB protects neurons against HIV-1 Tat and morphine-induced apoptosis by promoting Bcl2 and inhibiting Bax expression PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat inhibits SIRT1 and increases acetylation of p53, which leads to activation of p21 and BAX in HeLa-CD4+ cells PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat-induced Bax activation requires the presence of either p53 or p73 transcription factor in neuronal cells PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat upregulates the expression of BAX in Kaposi's sarcoma cells PubMed
tat Tumor protein p73 interferes with Tat-mediated apoptosis by preventing the up-regulation of Bax and down-regulation of Bcl-2 proteins in astrocytes PubMed
Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr induces downregulation of the Bcl-xl protein, upregulation of the Bax protein, and the cytochrome c release from the mitochondria in multidrug-resistant human colorectal cancer cells PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr-induced apoptosis is mediated via Bax, downstream of ATR activation PubMed
vpr Mice transgenic for the HIV-1 vpr gene have enhanced apoptotic death of T lymphocytes with up-regulation of Bax suggesting the involvement of Bax in the apoptotic processes PubMed
vpr Constitutive expression of HIV-1 Vpr in Jurkat cells resulted in downregulation of Bax, suggesting Vpr is a negative regulator of apoptosis PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr induction of mitochondrial membrane permeabilization through binding to adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT) is enhanced by Bax PubMed
Vpu vpu HIV-1 Vpu upregulates Bax in Vpu-expressing cells. Vpu-mediated p53 accumulation results in promoting Bax-mediated apoptosis PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database

  • Activation, translocation and oligomerization of BAX, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation, translocation and oligomerization of BAX, organism-specific biosystemAs a result of binding to Bid, Bax oligomerizes and integrates in the outer mitochondrial membrane, triggering cytochrome c release. Bax mitochondrial membrane insertion triggered by Bid may represen...
  • AhR pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    AhR pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    AhR pathway
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), conserved biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a distinct form of cell death that is functionally and morphologically different from necrosis. Nuclear chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic shrinking, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, and ...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a genetically controlled mechanisms of cell death involved in the regulation of tissue homeostasis. The 2 major pathways of apoptosis are the extrinsic (Fas and other TNFR superfamily me...
  • Apoptosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apoptosis, conserved biosystemApoptosis is a genetically controlled mechanisms of cell death involved in the regulation of tissue homeostasis. The 2 major pathways of apoptosis are the extrinsic (Fas and other TNFR superfamily me...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a distinct form of cell death that is functionally and morphologically different from necrosis. Nuclear chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic shrinking, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, and ...
  • Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis, or cell death program, can be activated by various mechanisms within the extrinsic and the intrinsic pathway. While activation of cell death receptors leads to the engagement of the extrin...
  • B Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    B Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe B cell receptor includes membrane ?? heavy chain molecules bound to a light chain and an Ig alpha (CD79A)/Ig beta (CD79B) heterodimer. Activation of the B cell receptor involves phosphorylation o...
  • Caspase cascade in apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Caspase cascade in apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem
    Caspase cascade in apoptosis
  • Ceramide signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Ceramide signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Ceramide signaling pathway
  • Colorectal cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Colorectal cancer, organism-specific biosystemColorectal cancer (CRC) is the second largest cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. CRC arises from the colorectal epithelium as a result of the accumulation of genetic alterations in ...
  • Colorectal cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Colorectal cancer, conserved biosystemColorectal cancer (CRC) is the second largest cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. CRC arises from the colorectal epithelium as a result of the accumulation of genetic alterations in ...
  • DNA damage response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    DNA damage response, organism-specific biosystemThis is the first pathway out of two pathways which deals with DNA damage response. It has two central gene products (ATM and ATR) which are connected to the sources of DNA damage (in blue). The two ...
  • DNA damage response (only ATM dependent), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    DNA damage response (only ATM dependent), organism-specific biosystemThis is the second pathway out of two pathways which deals with DNA damage response. It has two central gene products (ATM and TP53) which are connected with the first DNA damage response pathway. In...
  • Direct p53 effectors, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Direct p53 effectors, organism-specific biosystem
    Direct p53 effectors
  • Glucocorticoid receptor regulatory network, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Glucocorticoid receptor regulatory network, organism-specific biosystem
    Glucocorticoid receptor regulatory network
  • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystemHepatitis B virus (HBV) is an enveloped virus and contains a partially double-stranded relaxed circular DNA (RC-DNA) genome. After entry into hepatocytes, HBV RC-DNA is transported to the nucleus and...
  • Huntington's disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Huntington's disease, organism-specific biosystemHuntington disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects medium spiny striatal neurons (MSN). The symptoms are choreiform, involuntary movements, personality...
  • Huntington's disease, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Huntington's disease, conserved biosystemHuntington disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects medium spiny striatal neurons (MSN). The symptoms are choreiform, involuntary movements, personality...
  • IL-3 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-3 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-3 belongs to a family of cytokines, which includes IL-5 and GM-CSF. It signals through a receptor complex comprising of an IL-3 specific IL-3 receptor alpha subunit (IL3RA) and a common b...
  • IL-5 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-5 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-5 belongs to the family of cytokines, which includes IL-3 and GM-CSF. It signals through a receptor complex comprising of an IL-5 receptor alpha subunit (IL5RA), and a common beta chain w...
  • IL-7 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-7 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-7 belongs to a family of cytokines, which includes IL-2, IL-4, IL-9, IL-15 and IL-21. It signals through a receptor complex consisting of IL-7 receptor alpha chain (IL7RA) and a common ga...
  • Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway incorporates the most important proteins for Breast Cancer. The Rp score from the Connectivity-Maps (C-Maps) webserver was used to determine the rank of the most important proteins in Br...
  • Integrated Cancer pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Cancer pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Integrated Cancer pathway
  • Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystemAn integrated pathway model which displays the protein-protein interactions (PPIs) among the relevant proteins for pancreatic cancer. This pathway is a collection of different mechanistic protein pat...
  • Intrinsic Pathway for Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Intrinsic Pathway for Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemThe intrinsic (Bcl-2 inhibitable or mitochondrial) pathway of apoptosis functions in response to various types of intracellular stress including growth factor withdrawal, DNA damage, unfolding stress...
  • Leptin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Leptin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemLeptin is a peptide hormone mainly synthesised and secreted from adipocytes. It is also expressed in other tissues including placenta, stomach and skeletal muscle. Leptin mediates its effects by bind...
  • Neurotrophin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neurotrophin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins are a family of trophic factors involved in differentiation and survival of neural cells. The neurotrophin family consists of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic facto...
  • Neurotrophin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neurotrophin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemNeurotrophins are a family of trophic factors involved in differentiation and survival of neural cells. The neurotrophin family consists of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic facto...
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Pathways in cancer
  • Prion diseases, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prion diseases, organism-specific biosystemPrion diseases, also termed transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), are a group of fatal neurodegenerative diseases that affect humans and a number of other animal species. The etiology of ...
  • Prion diseases, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prion diseases, conserved biosystemPrion diseases, also termed transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), are a group of fatal neurodegenerative diseases that affect humans and a number of other animal species. The etiology of ...
  • Prostate Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Prostate Cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Prostate Cancer
  • Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, organism-specific biosystemThe endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a subcellular organelle where proteins are folded with the help of lumenal chaperones. Newly synthesized peptides enter the ER via the sec61 pore and are glycosylate...
  • Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, conserved biosystemThe endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a subcellular organelle where proteins are folded with the help of lumenal chaperones. Newly synthesized peptides enter the ER via the sec61 pore and are glycosylate...
  • Signaling events mediated by HDAC Class III, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Signaling events mediated by HDAC Class III, organism-specific biosystem
    Signaling events mediated by HDAC Class III
  • Syndecan-2-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Syndecan-2-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    Syndecan-2-mediated signaling events
  • TP53 network, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    TP53 network, organism-specific biosystemP53 is not a lonely genome guardian, it operates with the assistance of p73 and p63 within a complex network including distinct but complementary pathways. This protein family presents a high le...
  • Tuberculosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tuberculosis, organism-specific biosystemTuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. One third of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. About 90% of those infected result in latent...
  • Tuberculosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tuberculosis, conserved biosystemTuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. One third of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. About 90% of those infected result in latent...
  • Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional activation, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional activation, organism-specific biosystem
    Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional activation
  • Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
  • Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
  • p53 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    p53 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemp53 activation is induced by a number of stress signals, including DNA damage, oxidative stress and activated oncogenes. The p53 protein is employed as a transcriptional activator of p53-regulated ge...
  • p53 signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    p53 signaling pathway, conserved biosystemp53 activation is induced by a number of stress signals, including DNA damage, oxidative stress and activated oncogenes. The p53 protein is employed as a transcriptional activator of p53-regulated ge...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
BH3 domain binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
BH3 domain binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
channel activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
identical protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
lipid binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein heterodimerization activity IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein homodimerization activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein homodimerization activity IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
B cell apoptotic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
B cell homeostasis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
B cell homeostatic proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
B cell negative selection IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
B cell receptor apoptotic signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Sertoli cell proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
T cell homeostatic proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process by cytochrome c IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
apoptotic mitochondrial changes IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
apoptotic process NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
apoptotic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
apoptotic process involved in embryonic digit morphogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
apoptotic process involved in patterning of blood vessels IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
apoptotic signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
blood vessel remodeling IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cellular response to UV IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cellular response to organic substance IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cerebral cortex development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
development of secondary sexual characteristics IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
ectopic germ cell programmed cell death IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion homeostasis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
establishment or maintenance of transmembrane electrochemical gradient IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in absence of ligand IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway via death domain receptors IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
fertilization IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
germ cell development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
glycosphingolipid metabolic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
homeostasis of number of cells within a tissue IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
hypothalamus development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway by p53 class mediator IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to DNA damage IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
kidney development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
mitochondrial fragmentation involved in apoptotic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
mitochondrial fusion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
mitochondrion morphogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
myeloid cell homeostasis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of apoptotic signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion concentration IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of fibroblast proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of protein binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
neuron apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
neuron migration IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
odontogenesis of dentin-containing tooth IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
ovarian follicle development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of B cell apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of apoptotic DNA fragmentation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of apoptotic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of apoptotic process involved in mammary gland involution IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of developmental pigmentation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of endoplasmic reticulum unfolded protein response IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in absence of ligand IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization involved in apoptotic signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
positive regulation of neuron apoptotic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of protein oligomerization IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of release of cytochrome c from mitochondria IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
post-embryonic camera-type eye morphogenesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein homooligomerization IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein insertion into mitochondrial membrane involved in apoptotic signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein oligomerization IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of cell cycle IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of mitochondrial membrane permeability involved in programmed necrotic cell death IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
regulation of nitrogen utilization IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of protein heterodimerization activity IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
regulation of protein homodimerization activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
release of cytochrome c from mitochondria IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
release of matrix enzymes from mitochondria IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
response to axon injury IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to gamma radiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to salt stress IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to toxic substance IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
retina development in camera-type eye IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
retinal cell apoptotic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
retinal cell programmed cell death IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
spermatid differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
thymocyte apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
transformed cell apoptotic process IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
vagina development IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
viral process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
BAX complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Bcl-2 family protein complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
endoplasmic reticulum IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
endoplasmic reticulum membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
extracellular vesicular exosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
mitochondrial outer membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
mitochondrial outer membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
mitochondrial permeability transition pore complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
mitochondrion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleus IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
pore complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Preferred Names
apoptosis regulator BAX
Names
apoptosis regulator BAX
bcl2-L-4
bcl-2-like protein 4
BCL2-associated X protein omega

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_012191.1 

    Range
    5001..11939
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001291428.1NP_001278357.1  apoptosis regulator BAX isoform 1

    See proteins identical to NP_001278357.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longest isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AI565203, AK291076, BE396495, BM673184, CN281003
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q07812
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd06845
    Location:25158
    Blast Score: 330
    Bcl-2_like; Apoptosis regulator proteins of the Bcl-2 family, named after B-cell lymphoma 2. This alignment model spans what have been described as Bcl-2 homology regions BH1, BH2, BH3, and BH4. Many members of this family have an additional C-terminal transmembrane ...
    TIGR00865
    Location:5182
    Blast Score: 524
    bcl-2; apoptosis regulator
  2. NM_001291429.1NP_001278358.1  apoptosis regulator BAX gamma

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (gamma) lacks an exon in the 5' region which causes translation initiation at a downstream start codon, and differs in the 3' coding region and 3' UTR, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (gamma) has a shorter N-terminus and a shorter and distinct C-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AJ586910, BE396495, BM706954
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q5ZPJ0
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd06845
    Location:6126
    Blast Score: 312
    Bcl-2_like; Apoptosis regulator proteins of the Bcl-2 family, named after B-cell lymphoma 2. This alignment model spans what have been described as Bcl-2 homology regions BH1, BH2, BH3, and BH4. Many members of this family have an additional C-terminal transmembrane ...
    TIGR00865
    Location:1135
    Blast Score: 412
    bcl-2; apoptosis regulator
  3. NM_001291430.1NP_001278359.1  apoptosis regulator BAX isoform lambda

    See proteins identical to NP_001278359.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (lambda) lacks two consecutive exons in the 5' region which causes translation initiation at a downstream start codon, and differs in the 3' coding region and 3' UTR, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (lambda) has a shorter N-terminus and a shorter and distinct C-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AJ586909, BE396495, BM706954
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    I6LPK7
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q5ZPJ1
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd06845
    Location:585
    Blast Score: 266
    Bcl-2_like; Apoptosis regulator proteins of the Bcl-2 family, named after B-cell lymphoma 2. This alignment model spans what have been described as Bcl-2 homology regions BH1, BH2, BH3, and BH4. Many members of this family have an additional C-terminal transmembrane ...
  4. NM_001291431.1NP_001278360.1  apoptosis regulator BAX isoform zeta

    See proteins identical to NP_001278360.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (zeta) lacks two consecutive exons in the 5' region which causes translation initiation at a downstream start codon, and has an alternate splice site in the 3' coding region which causes a frame-shift, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (zeta) has a shorter N-terminus and a shorter and distinct C-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF250190, AI565203, AK291076, BE396495
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q07812
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd06845
    Location:586
    Blast Score: 278
    Bcl-2_like; Apoptosis regulator proteins of the Bcl-2 family, named after B-cell lymphoma 2. This alignment model spans what have been described as Bcl-2 homology regions BH1, BH2, BH3, and BH4. Many members of this family have an additional C-terminal transmembrane ...
    TIGR00865
    Location:1114
    Blast Score: 419
    bcl-2; apoptosis regulator
  5. NM_004324.3NP_004315.1  apoptosis regulator BAX isoform beta

    See proteins identical to NP_004315.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (beta) differs in the 3' coding region and 3' UTR, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (beta) has a shorter and distinct C-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    BC014175, BE396495, BM706954, T29044
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS12744.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q07812
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd06845
    Location:25163
    Blast Score: 328
    Bcl-2_like; Apoptosis regulator proteins of the Bcl-2 family, named after B-cell lymphoma 2. This alignment model spans what have been described as Bcl-2 homology regions BH1, BH2, BH3, and BH4. Many members of this family have an additional C-terminal transmembrane ...
    TIGR00865
    Location:5172
    Blast Score: 525
    bcl-2; apoptosis regulator
  6. NM_138761.3NP_620116.1  apoptosis regulator BAX isoform alpha

    See proteins identical to NP_620116.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (alpha) has an alternate splice site in the 3' coding region which causes a frame-shift, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (alpha, also known as psi) has a shorter and different C terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AI565203, BC014175, BE396495
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS12742.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q07812
    Related
    ENSP00000263262, OTTHUMP00000218296, ENST00000345358, OTTHUMT00000360767
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd06845
    Location:25164
    Blast Score: 341
    Bcl-2_like; Apoptosis regulator proteins of the Bcl-2 family, named after B-cell lymphoma 2. This alignment model spans what have been described as Bcl-2 homology regions BH1, BH2, BH3, and BH4. Many members of this family have an additional C-terminal transmembrane ...
    TIGR00865
    Location:5192
    Blast Score: 631
    bcl-2; apoptosis regulator
  7. NM_138763.3NP_620118.1  apoptosis regulator BAX isoform delta

    See proteins identical to NP_620118.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (delta) lacks an in-frame exon in the 5' coding region and has an alternate splice site in the 3' coding region which causes a frame-shift, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (delta) lacks an internal segment in the N-terminal region and has a shorter and different C terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AI565203, BC014175, BE396495
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS12743.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q07812
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd06845
    Location:34115
    Blast Score: 284
    Bcl-2_like; Apoptosis regulator proteins of the Bcl-2 family, named after B-cell lymphoma 2. This alignment model spans what have been described as Bcl-2 homology regions BH1, BH2, BH3, and BH4. Many members of this family have an additional C-terminal transmembrane ...
    TIGR00865
    Location:5143
    Blast Score: 442
    bcl-2; apoptosis regulator
  8. NM_138764.4NP_620119.2  apoptosis regulator BAX isoform sigma

    See proteins identical to NP_620119.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (sigma) has an alternate splice site in the 3' coding region which causes a frame-shift, compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (sigma) has a shorter and different C terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AI565203, BC014175, BE396495
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS12745.2
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q07812
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd06845
    Location:25158
    Blast Score: 324
    Bcl-2_like; Apoptosis regulator proteins of the Bcl-2 family, named after B-cell lymphoma 2. This alignment model spans what have been described as Bcl-2 homology regions BH1, BH2, BH3, and BH4. Many members of this family have an additional C-terminal transmembrane ...
    TIGR00865
    Location:5179
    Blast Score: 560
    bcl-2; apoptosis regulator

RNA

  1. NR_027882.1 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (epsilon) contains an additional internal exon and has an alternate splice site in the 3' region, compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding because the use of the 5'-most supported translational start codon, as used in variant 1, renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
    Source sequence(s)
    AF007826, AI565203, BC014175, BE396495

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000019.10 

    Range
    48954860..48961798
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_006723313.1XP_006723376.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd06845
    Location:25158
    Blast Score: 330
    Bcl-2_like; Apoptosis regulator proteins of the Bcl-2 family, named after B-cell lymphoma 2. This alignment model spans what have been described as Bcl-2 homology regions BH1, BH2, BH3, and BH4. Many members of this family have an additional C-terminal transmembrane ...
    TIGR00865
    Location:5182
    Blast Score: 524
    bcl-2; apoptosis regulator
  2. XM_006723314.1XP_006723377.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd06845
    Location:6121
    Blast Score: 315
    Bcl-2_like; Apoptosis regulator proteins of the Bcl-2 family, named after B-cell lymphoma 2. This alignment model spans what have been described as Bcl-2 homology regions BH1, BH2, BH3, and BH4. Many members of this family have an additional C-terminal transmembrane ...
    TIGR00865
    Location:1145
    Blast Score: 412
    bcl-2; apoptosis regulator

Alternate HuRef

Genomic

  1. AC_000151.1 

    Range
    45835055..45841975
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018930.2 

    Range
    49460326..49467266
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

  1. NM_138762.2: Suppressed sequence

    Description
    NM_138762.2: This RefSeq was permanently suppressed because currently there is insufficient support for the transcript and the protein.