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IL2RG interleukin 2 receptor, gamma [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 3561, updated on 7-Jul-2014
Official Symbol
IL2RGprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
interleukin 2 receptor, gammaprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:6010
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000147168; HPRD:02391; MIM:308380; Vega:OTTHUMG00000021787
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
P64; CIDX; IMD4; CD132; SCIDX; IL-2RG; SCIDX1
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is an important signaling component of many interleukin receptors, including those of interleukin -2, -4, -7 and -21, and is thus referred to as the common gamma chain. Mutations in this gene cause X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (XSCID), as well as X-linked combined immunodeficiency (XCID), a less severe immunodeficiency disorder. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]
See IL2RG in Epigenomics, MapViewer
Location:
Xq13.1
Exon count :
8
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
106 current GRCh38 (GCF_000001405.26) X NC_000023.11 (71107404..71111631, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) X NC_000023.10 (70327254..70331481, complement)

Chromosome X - NC_000023.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene forkhead box O4 Neighboring gene chromosome X open reading frame 65 Neighboring gene mediator complex subunit 12 Neighboring gene neuroligin 3

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env The inhibition of IL-2R expression and proliferation induced by the interaction of CD4 with HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 is correlated with the inhibition of expression and activation of Janus kinase JAK3 PubMed
env HIV-1 gp120 exerts a dose-dependent reduction of IL-2 mRNA expression, IL-2 production, and surface IL-2 receptor expression in CD4+ lymphocytes PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database

  • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
  • Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are soluble extracellular proteins or glycoproteins that are crucial intercellular regulators and mobilizers of cells engaged in innate as well as adaptive inflammatory host defenses, cell ...
  • Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, conserved biosystemCytokines are soluble extracellular proteins or glycoproteins that are crucial intercellular regulators and mobilizers of cells engaged in innate as well as adaptive inflammatory host defenses, cell ...
  • Downstream signaling in naive CD8+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Downstream signaling in naive CD8+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem
    Downstream signaling in naive CD8+ T cells
  • Endocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endocytosis, organism-specific biosystemEndocytosis is a mechanism for cells to remove ligands, nutrients, and plasma membrane (PM) proteins, and lipids from the cell surface, bringing them into the cell interior. Transmembrane proteins en...
  • Endocytosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endocytosis, conserved biosystemEndocytosis is a mechanism for cells to remove ligands, nutrients, and plasma membrane (PM) proteins, and lipids from the cell surface, bringing them into the cell interior. Transmembrane proteins en...
  • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • IL-2 Signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-2 Signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemIL-2 is a multifunctional cytokine with pleiotropic effects on several cells of the immune system. IL-2 was originally discovered as a T cell growth factor, but it was also found to have actions rela...
  • IL-4 signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-4 signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-4 belongs to the IL-2 family of cytokines, which includes IL-2, IL-7, IL-9, IL-15 and IL-21. It signals through 2 different receptor complexes; Receptor complex 1 comprises of IL-4 recept...
  • IL-7 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-7 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-7 belongs to a family of cytokines, which includes IL-2, IL-4, IL-9, IL-15 and IL-21. It signals through a receptor complex consisting of IL-7 receptor alpha chain (IL7RA) and a common ga...
  • IL-9 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-9 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-9 belongs to a family of cytokines, which includes IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-15 and IL-21. It signals through a receptor complex consisting of an IL-9 receptor (IL9R) and a common gamma chain ...
  • IL12-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL12-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    IL12-mediated signaling events
  • IL2 signaling events mediated by PI3K, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL2 signaling events mediated by PI3K, organism-specific biosystem
    IL2 signaling events mediated by PI3K
  • IL2 signaling events mediated by STAT5, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL2 signaling events mediated by STAT5, organism-specific biosystem
    IL2 signaling events mediated by STAT5
  • IL2-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL2-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    IL2-mediated signaling events
  • IL4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    IL4-mediated signaling events
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Inflammatory Response Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Inflammatory Response Pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Inflammatory Response Pathway
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), organism-specific biosystemInflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract due to environmental and geneti...
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), conserved biosystemInflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract due to environmental and geneti...
  • Interleukin receptor SHC signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin receptor SHC signaling, organism-specific biosystemPhosphorylation of Shc at three tyrosine residues, 239, 240 (Gotoh et al. 1996) and 317 (Salcini et al. 1994) involves unidentified tyrosine kinases presumed to be part of the activated receptor comp...
  • Interleukin-2 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-2 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-2 (IL-2) is a cytokine that is produced by T cells in response to antigen stimulation. Originally, IL-2 was discovered because of its potent growth factor activity on activated T cells in...
  • Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe Interleukin-3 (IL-3), IL-5 and Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptors form a family of heterodimeric receptors that have specific alpha chains but share a common beta...
  • Interleukin-7 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-7 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-7 (IL7) is produced primarily by T zone fibroblastic reticular cells found in lymphoid organs, and also expressed by non-hematopoietic stromal cells present in other tissues including the...
  • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
  • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
  • Measles, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Measles, organism-specific biosystemMeasles virus (MV) is highly contagious virus that leads infant death worldwide. Humans are the unique natural reservoir for this virus. It causes severe immunosuppression favouring secondary bacteri...
  • Measles, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Measles, conserved biosystemMeasles virus (MV) is highly contagious virus that leads infant death worldwide. Humans are the unique natural reservoir for this virus. It causes severe immunosuppression favouring secondary bacteri...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • Primary immunodeficiency, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Primary immunodeficiency, organism-specific biosystemPrimary immunodeficiencies (PIs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders, which affect cellular and humoral immunity or non-specific host defense mechanisms mediated by complement proteins, and cells ...
  • Primary immunodeficiency, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Primary immunodeficiency, conserved biosystemPrimary immunodeficiencies (PIs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders, which affect cellular and humoral immunity or non-specific host defense mechanisms mediated by complement proteins, and cells ...
  • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
interleukin-2 binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
contributes_to interleukin-2 receptor activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to interleukin-4 receptor activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
interleukin-7 binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
contributes_to interleukin-7 receptor activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
immune response TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
interleukin-2-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
interleukin-4-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
interleukin-7-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
signal transduction NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
viral process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
external side of plasma membrane ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
integral component of plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Preferred Names
cytokine receptor common subunit gamma
Names
cytokine receptor common subunit gamma
gammaC
CD132 antigen
IL-2R subunit gamma
IL-2 receptor subunit gamma
common cytokine receptor gamma chain

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_009088.1 

    Range
    4923..9150
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics), LRG_150

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_000206.2NP_000197.1  cytokine receptor common subunit gamma precursor

    See proteins identical to NP_000197.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    BC014972, DC345219
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS14406.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P31785
    Related
    ENSP00000363318, OTTHUMP00000023489, ENST00000374202, OTTHUMT00000057102
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd00063
    Location:154246
    Blast Score: 99
    FN3; Fibronectin type 3 domain; One of three types of internal repeats found in the plasma protein fibronectin. Its tenth fibronectin type III repeat contains an RGD cell recognition sequence in a flexible loop between 2 strands. Approximately 2% of all ...
    pfam09240
    Location:59151
    Blast Score: 140
    IL6Ra-bind; Interleukin-6 receptor alpha chain, binding

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000023.11 

    Range
    71107404..71111631
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate HuRef

Genomic

  1. AC_000155.1 

    Range
    64146973..64150762
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018934.2 

    Range
    70219589..70223820
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

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