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CD86 CD86 molecule [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 942, updated on 26-Aug-2014
Official Symbol
CD86provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
CD86 moleculeprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:1705
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000114013; HPRD:03011; MIM:601020; Vega:OTTHUMG00000159482
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
B70; B7-2; B7.2; LAB72; CD28LG2
Summary
This gene encodes a type I membrane protein that is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. This protein is expressed by antigen-presenting cells, and it is the ligand for two proteins at the cell surface of T cells, CD28 antigen and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4. Binding of this protein with CD28 antigen is a costimulatory signal for activation of the T-cell. Binding of this protein with cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 negatively regulates T-cell activation and diminishes the immune response. Alternative splicing results in several transcript variants encoding different isoforms.[provided by RefSeq, May 2011]
See CD86 in Epigenomics, MapViewer
Location:
3q21
Exon count:
8
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
106 current GRCh38 (GCF_000001405.26) 3 NC_000003.12 (122055362..122121143)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 3 NC_000003.11 (121774209..121839990)

Chromosome 3 - NC_000003.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene solute carrier family 15 (oligopeptide transporter), member 2 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101927010 Neighboring gene immunoglobulin-like domain containing receptor 1 Neighboring gene calcium-sensing receptor Neighboring gene heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 pseudogene 23

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genetic risk and a primary role for cell-mediated immune mechanisms in multiple sclerosis.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies novel multiple sclerosis susceptibility loci.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env The presence of HIV-1 gp120 inhibits the oral mucosal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced CD80, CD83, and CD86 upregulation PubMed
Nef nef HIV-1 Nef binds to the cytosolic tails of CD80 and CD86 to mediate their internalization PubMed
nef Activation and translocation of Src kinase is critical for Nef-mediated CD80 and CD86 internalization PubMed
nef HIV-1 Nef relocates cell-surface MHC-I, CD80, and CD86 to intracellular compartments and the Nef-mediated internalization is dependent on mediators of actin polymerization PubMed
nef HIV-1 Nef co-localizes with MHC class I (MHCI), CD80, and CD86 in intracellular compartments by staining assays, and binds to both human CD80 and CD86 using yeast two-hybrid assays PubMed
nef HIV-1 Nef downregulates CD86 from the cell surface in the human monocytic U937 cell line as well as in mouse macrophages and dendritic cells PubMed
Pr55(Gag) gag Expression of CD80, CD83, CD86, and HLA-DR molecules are significantly downregulated in mature dendritic cells after transduction with ubiquitinated Gag compared to unubiquitinated Gag constructs PubMed
gag HIV-1 Gag virus-like particle-induced monocyte activation is shown by upregulation of molecules involved in antigen presentation (MHC II, CD80, CD86) and cell adhesion (CD54) PubMed
gag HIV-1 Gag virus-like particles efficiently activate human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDC) and induce MDDC maturation with an associated increase in the surface expression of CD80, CD86 and MHC classes I and II PubMed
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat upregulates the expression of MHC and co-stimulatory molecules CD40, CD80, CD83 and CD86 in monocyte-derived dendritic cells, thereby driving T cell-mediated immune responses PubMed
Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr inhibits the expression of co-stimulatory molecules including CD80, CD83, and CD86 at the transcriptional level without altering normal cellular transcription during dendritic cell maturation PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr downregulates the expression of several immunologically important molecules including CD40, CD80, CD83, and CD86 co-stimulatory molecules on monocyte-derived macrophage (MDM) and monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDC) PubMed
matrix gag Treatment of human PBMCs with HIV-1 MA upregulates the expression of MCP-1, ICAM-1, CD40, CD86 and CD36 and downregulates the expression of nuclear receptors FXR and PPARgamma PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database

  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Allograft Rejection, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Allograft Rejection, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates molecular interactions involved in the fundamental adaptive immune response for allograft destruction. This pathway was adapted in large part from the KEGG pathway http://www...
  • Allograft rejection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Allograft rejection, organism-specific biosystemAllograft rejection is the consequence of the recipient's alloimmune response to nonself antigens expressed by donor tissues. After transplantation of organ allografts, there are two pathways of anti...
  • Allograft rejection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Allograft rejection, conserved biosystemAllograft rejection is the consequence of the recipient's alloimmune response to nonself antigens expressed by donor tissues. After transplantation of organ allografts, there are two pathways of anti...
  • Autoimmune thyroid disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Autoimmune thyroid disease, organism-specific biosystemThe classification of autoimmune throid disease (AITD) includes Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) or chronic autoimmune thyroiditis and its variants, Graves' disease (GD) and autoimmune atrophic thyroidi...
  • Autoimmune thyroid disease, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Autoimmune thyroid disease, conserved biosystemThe classification of autoimmune throid disease (AITD) includes Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) or chronic autoimmune thyroiditis and its variants, Graves' disease (GD) and autoimmune atrophic thyroidi...
  • CD28 co-stimulation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    CD28 co-stimulation, organism-specific biosystemIn naive T cells, CD28 costimulation enhances cell cycle entry, potently stimulates expression of both the mitogenic lymphokine interleukin-2 (IL-2) and its receptor, and stimulates the activation o...
  • CD28 dependent PI3K/Akt signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    CD28 dependent PI3K/Akt signaling, organism-specific biosystemPI3Ks can be activated by a number of different receptors, including the TcR (T cell receptor), co-stimulatory receptors (CD28), cytokine receptors and chemokine receptors. However, the specific role...
  • CD28 dependent Vav1 pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    CD28 dependent Vav1 pathway, organism-specific biosystemCD28 binds to several intracellular proteins including PI3 kinase, Grb-2, Gads and ITK. Grb-2 specifically co-operates with Vav-1 in the up-regulation of NFAT/AP-1 transcription. CD28 costimulation r...
  • CTLA4 inhibitory signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    CTLA4 inhibitory signaling, organism-specific biosystemCTLA4 is one of the best studied inhibitory receptors of the CD28 superfamily. CTLA4 inhibits Tcell activation by reducing IL2 production and IL2 expression, and by arresting T cells at the G1 phase ...
  • Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), organism-specific biosystemCell adhesion molecules are (glyco)proteins expressed on the cell surface and play a critical role in a wide array of biologic processes that include hemostasis, the immune response, inflammation, em...
  • Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), conserved biosystemCell adhesion molecules are (glyco)proteins expressed on the cell surface and play a critical role in a wide array of biologic processes that include hemostasis, the immune response, inflammation, em...
  • Constitutive PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Constitutive PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemClass IA PI3K is a heterodimer of a p85 regulatory subunit (encoded by PIK3R1, PIK3R2 or PIK3R3) and a p110 catalytic subunit (encoded by PIK3CA, PIK3CB or PIK3CD). In the absence of activating signa...
  • Costimulation by the CD28 family, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Costimulation by the CD28 family, organism-specific biosystemOptimal activation of T-lymphocytes requires at least two signals. A primary one is delivered by the T-cell receptor (TCR) complex after antigen recognition and additional costimulatory signals are d...
  • DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystemDNAX activation protein of 12kDa (DAP12) is an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-bearing adapter molecule that transduces activating signals in natural killer (NK) and myeloid cel...
  • DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystemIn response to receptor ligation, the tyrosine residues in DAP12's immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) are phosphorylated by Src family kinases. These phosphotyrosines form the dock...
  • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
  • Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemThe role of autophosphorylation sites on PDGF receptors are to provide docking sites for downstream signal transduction molecules which contain SH2 domains. The SH2 domain is a conserved motif of aro...
  • Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystemSecond messengers (calcium, diacylglycerol, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, and phosphatidyinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate) trigger signaling pathways: NF-kappaB is activated via protein kinase C beta, RA...
  • Downstream signaling of activated FGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signaling of activated FGFR, organism-specific biosystemSignaling via FGFRs is mediated via direct recruitment of signaling proteins that bind to tyrosine auto-phosphorylation sites on the activated receptor and via closely linked docking proteins that be...
  • Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystemMast cells (MC) are distributed in tissues throughout the human body and have long been recognized as key cells of type I hypersensitivity reactions. They also play important roles in inflammatory an...
  • GAB1 signalosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GAB1 signalosome, organism-specific biosystemGAB1 is recruited to the activated EGFR indirectly, through GRB2. GAB1 acts as an adaptor protein that enables formation of an active PIK3, through recruitment of PIK3 regulatory subunit PIK3R1 (also...
  • Graft-versus-host disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Graft-versus-host disease, organism-specific biosystemGraft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a lethal complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) where immunocompetent donor T cells attack the genetically disparate host cells....
  • Graft-versus-host disease, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Graft-versus-host disease, conserved biosystemGraft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a lethal complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) where immunocompetent donor T cells attack the genetically disparate host cells....
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Inflammatory Response Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Inflammatory Response Pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Inflammatory Response Pathway
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • Intestinal immune network for IgA production, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Intestinal immune network for IgA production, organism-specific biosystemThe intestine is the largest lymphoid tissue in the body. One striking feature of intestinal immunity is its ability to generate great amounts of noninflammatory immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies tha...
  • Intestinal immune network for IgA production, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Intestinal immune network for IgA production, conserved biosystemThe intestine is the largest lymphoid tissue in the body. One striking feature of intestinal immunity is its ability to generate great amounts of noninflammatory immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies tha...
  • NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemTrk receptors signal from the plasma membrane and from intracellular membranes, particularly from early endosomes. Signalling from the plasma membrane is fast but transient; signalling from endosomes...
  • PI-3K cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI-3K cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe ability of growth factors to protect from apoptosis is primarily due to the activation of the AKT survival pathway. P-I-3-kinase dependent activation of PDK leads to the activation of AKT which i...
  • PI3K events in ERBB2 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K events in ERBB2 signaling, organism-specific biosystemERBB2:ERBB3 and ERBB2:ERBB4cyt1 heterodimers activate PI3K signaling by direct binding of PI3K regulatory subunit p85 (Yang et al. 2007, Cohen et al. 1996, Kaushansky et al. 2008) to phosphorylated t...
  • PI3K events in ERBB4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K events in ERBB4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe CYT1 isoforms of ERBB4 possess a C-tail tyrosine residue that, upon trans-autophosphorylation, serves as a docking site for the p85 alpha subunit of PI3K - PIK3R1 (Kaushansky et al. 2008, Cohen e...
  • PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway describes how normal signaling by PI3K/AKT, presented in the contained module 'PIP3 Activates AKT Signaling' and recently reviewed by Manning and Cantley in 2007, is perturbed in cancer,...
  • PI3K/AKT activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K/AKT activation, organism-specific biosystemPI3K/AKT signalling is a major regulator of neuron survival. It blocks cell death by both impinging on the cytoplasmic cell death machinery and by regulating the expression of genes involved in cell...
  • PIP3 activates AKT signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PIP3 activates AKT signaling, organism-specific biosystemSignaling by AKT is one of the key outcomes of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) activation. AKT is activated by the cellular second messenger PIP3, a phospholipid that is generated by PI3K. In ustimula...
  • Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Regulation of toll-like receptor signaling pathway
  • Rheumatoid arthritis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rheumatoid arthritis, organism-specific biosystemRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune joint disease where persistent inflammation affects bone remodeling leading to progressive bone destruction. In RA, abnormal activation of the immune...
  • Rheumatoid arthritis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rheumatoid arthritis, conserved biosystemRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune joint disease where persistent inflammation affects bone remodeling leading to progressive bone destruction. In RA, abnormal activation of the immune...
  • Role of LAT2/NTAL/LAB on calcium mobilization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Role of LAT2/NTAL/LAB on calcium mobilization, organism-specific biosystemThe lipid raft resident adaptor molecules LAT1 and Non-T cell activation linker (NTAL), also known as linker for activation of B cells (LAB)/LAT2 are known participants in the regulation of mast cell...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystemThe epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one member of the ERBB family of transmembrane glycoprotein tyrosine receptor kinases (RTK). Binding of EGFR to its ligands induces conformational chang...
  • Signaling by EGFR in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by EGFR in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemThe pathway "Signaling by EGFR in Cancer" shows "Signaling by constitutively active EGFR" in parallel with "Signaling by EGFR". This allows users to compare signaling by constitutively active EGFR ca...
  • Signaling by ERBB2, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by ERBB2, organism-specific biosystemERBB2, also known as HER2 or NEU, is a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) belonging to the EGFR family. ERBB2 possesses an extracellular domain that does not bind any known ligand, contrary to other EGFR...
  • Signaling by ERBB4, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by ERBB4, organism-specific biosystemERBB4, also known as HER4, belongs to the ERBB family of receptors, which also includes ERBB1 (EGFR i.e. HER1), ERBB2 (HER2 i.e. NEU) and ERBB3 (HER3). Similar to EGFR, ERBB4 has an extracellular lig...
  • Signaling by FGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by FGFR, organism-specific biosystemThe 22 members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family of growth factors mediate their cellular responses by binding to and activating the different isoforms encoded by the four receptor tyrosin...
  • Signaling by FGFR in disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by FGFR in disease, organism-specific biosystemThe pathway 'Signaling by FGFR in disease' shows 'Signaling by FGFR mutants' in parallel with the wild-type pathway 'Signaling by FGFR', allowing users to compare disease and normal events. FGFR mut...
  • Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet-derived Growth Factor (PDGF) is a potent stimulator of growth and motility of connective tissue cells such as fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells as well as other cells such as capillary end...
  • Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystemStem cell factor (SCF) is a growth factor with membrane bound and soluble forms. It is expressed by fibroblasts and endothelial cells throughout the body, promoting proliferation, migration, survival...
  • Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystemMature B cells express IgM and IgD immunoglobulins which are complexed at the plasma membrane with Ig-alpha (CD79A, MB-1) and Ig-beta (CD79B, B29) to form the B cell receptor (BCR) (Fu et al. 1974, F...
  • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, NT-4/5) play pivotal roles in survival, differentiation, and plasticity of neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. They are produced, and secreted in mi...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
  • TCR signaling in naive CD4+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    TCR signaling in naive CD4+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem
    TCR signaling in naive CD4+ T cells
  • TCR signaling in naive CD8+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    TCR signaling in naive CD8+ T cells, organism-specific biosystem
    TCR signaling in naive CD8+ T cells
  • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
  • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
  • Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, conserved biosystemSpecific families of pattern recognition receptors are responsible for detecting microbial pathogens and generating innate immune responses. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are membrane-bound receptors id...
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer
  • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem
    Transcriptional misregulation in cancer
  • Type I diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Type I diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystemType I diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta-cells. Certain beta-cell proteins act as autoantigens after being processed by antigen-pre...
  • Type I diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Type I diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystemType I diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta-cells. Certain beta-cell proteins act as autoantigens after being processed by antigen-pre...
  • Viral myocarditis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Viral myocarditis, organism-specific biosystemMyocarditis is a cardiac disease associated with inflammation and injury of the myocardium. It results from various etiologies, both noninfectious and infectious, but coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is stil...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC34413

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
coreceptor activity NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
receptor activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
receptor binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
B cell activation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
T cell activation IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
T cell costimulation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
T cell proliferation involved in immune response IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
aging IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cell-cell signaling IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to cytokine stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cellular response to lipopolysaccharide IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cellular response to metal ion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
defense response to virus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
immune response TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
innate immune response TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
myeloid dendritic cell differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of T cell anergy IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
phosphatidylinositol-mediated signaling TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
positive regulation of T-helper 2 cell differentiation NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of activated T cell proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
positive regulation of cell proliferation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of interleukin-2 biosynthetic process NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of interleukin-4 biosynthetic process NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of lymphotoxin A biosynthetic process NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
response to drug IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to interferon-gamma IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to yeast IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
toll-like receptor signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
viral process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
external side of plasma membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
extracellular vesicular exosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
integral component of membrane IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Preferred Names
T-lymphocyte activation antigen CD86
Names
T-lymphocyte activation antigen CD86
BU63
FUN-1
CTLA-4 counter-receptor B7.2
B-lymphocyte activation antigen B7-2
CD86 antigen (CD28 antigen ligand 2, B7-2 antigen)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_029928.1 

    Range
    5001..70780
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001206924.1NP_001193853.1  T-lymphocyte activation antigen CD86 isoform 4 precursor

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (4) lacks an alternate in-frame exon compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (4) has the same N- and C-termini but is shorter compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK291497, AK294663, BC040261, BX093060, DA619360
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS56272.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A8K632
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P42081
  2. NM_001206925.1NP_001193854.1  T-lymphocyte activation antigen CD86 isoform 5

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (5) lacks an alternate coding exon compared to variant 1, that causes a frameshift. The resulting isoform (5) is made from a downstream translation start site compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK291497, AK316203, BC040261, BX093060, DA619360
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS56273.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A8K632
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P42081
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cl11960
    Location:231
    Blast Score: 88
    Ig; Immunoglobulin domain
  3. NM_006889.4NP_008820.3  T-lymphocyte activation antigen CD86 isoform 2 precursor

    See proteins identical to NP_008820.3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) includes an alternate exon in the 5' UTR, resulting in the use of a downstream start codon compared to variant 1. Isoform 2 has a shorter N-terminus than isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK291497, BC040261, BX093060, CD705810, U04343
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS43138.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A8K632
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P42081
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00406
    Location:29104
    Blast Score: 158
    IGv; Immunoglobulin V-Type
    smart00410
    Location:28104
    Blast Score: 77
    IG_like; Immunoglobulin like
  4. NM_175862.4NP_787058.4  T-lymphocyte activation antigen CD86 isoform 1 precursor

    See proteins identical to NP_787058.4

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) encodes the longest isoform (1) of this protein.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK291497, BC040261, BX093060, DA619360
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS3009.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A8K632
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P42081
    Related
    ENSP00000332049, OTTHUMP00000215511, ENST00000330540, OTTHUMT00000355671
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00406
    Location:35110
    Blast Score: 158
    IGv; Immunoglobulin V-Type
    smart00410
    Location:34110
    Blast Score: 77
    IG_like; Immunoglobulin like
  5. NM_176892.1NP_795711.1  T-lymphocyte activation antigen CD86 isoform 3 precursor

    See proteins identical to NP_795711.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) includes an alternate exon in the 5' UTR, resulting in the use of a downstream start codon compared to variant 1. It also lacks an in-frame exon compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (3, also known as CD86deltaTM) has a shorter N-terminus and lacks an internal segment compared to isoform 1. This isoform is the soluble form of this protein.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK291497, BC040261, BX093060, CD705810, U04343
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS74991.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A8K632
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P42081
    Related
    ENSP00000264468, ENST00000264468
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00406
    Location:29104
    Blast Score: 155
    IGv; Immunoglobulin V-Type
    smart00410
    Location:28104
    Blast Score: 77
    IG_like; Immunoglobulin like

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000003.12 

    Range
    122055362..122121143
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_005247905.1XP_005247962.1  

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    smart00406
    Location:123198
    Blast Score: 154
    IGv; Immunoglobulin V-Type

Alternate HuRef

Genomic

  1. AC_000135.1 

    Range
    119148000..119213630
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018914.2 

    Range
    121738233..121803970
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)