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HIST1H2AG histone cluster 1, H2ag [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 8969, updated on 5-Jul-2015
Official Symbol
HIST1H2AGprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
histone cluster 1, H2agprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:4737
See related
HPRD:13654; MIM:615012
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
H2AG; H2A/p; H2AFP; H2A.1b; pH2A/f
Summary
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Two molecules of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) form an octamer, around which approximately 146 bp of DNA is wrapped in repeating units, called nucleosomes. The linker histone, H1, interacts with linker DNA between nucleosomes and functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a member of the histone H2A family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails but instead contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the histone microcluster on chromosome 6p21.33. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Orthologs
See HIST1H2AG in Epigenomics, MapViewer
Location:
6p22.1
Exon count:
1
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
107 current GRCh38.p2 (GCF_000001405.28) 6 NC_000006.12 (27133038..27133535)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 NC_000006.11 (27100817..27101314)

Chromosome 6 - NC_000006.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105374995 Neighboring gene histone cluster 1, H2bj Neighboring gene histone cluster 1, H2bk Neighboring gene histone cluster 1, H4i Neighboring gene histone cluster 1, H2ah

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Common variants on chromosome 6p22.1 are associated with schizophrenia.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat peptides bind core histones H2A, H2B, H3 and H4, and Tat protein recruits histone acetyltransferases to the HIV-1 LTR promoter leading to acetylation of histones H3 and H4, derepressing chromatin structure and increasing NFkappaB responsiveness PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

  • Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Alcoholism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, conserved biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chromatin modifying enzymes, organism-specific biosystemEukaryotic DNA is associated with histone proteins and organized into a complex nucleoprotein structure called chromatin. This structure decreases the accessibility of DNA but also helps to protect i...
  • Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Chromatin organization, organism-specific biosystemChromatin organization refers to the composition and conformation of complexes between DNA, protein and RNA. It is determined by processes that result in the specification, formation or maintenance o...
  • HATs acetylate histones, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    HATs acetylate histones, organism-specific biosystemHistone acetyltransferases (HATs) involved in histone modifications are referred to as A-type or nuclear HATs. They can be grouped into at least four families based on sequence conservation within th...
  • HDACs deacetylate histones, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    HDACs deacetylate histones, organism-specific biosystemLysine deacetylases (KDACs), historically referred to as histone deacetylases (HDACs), are divided into the Rpd3/Hda1 metal-dependent 'classical HDAC family' (de Ruijter et al. 2003, Verdin et al. 2...
  • RMTs methylate histone arginines, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RMTs methylate histone arginines, organism-specific biosystemArginine methylation is a common post-translational modification; around 2% of arginine residues are methylated in rat liver nuclei (Boffa et al. 1977). Arginine can be methylated in 3 different ways...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
DNA binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
enzyme binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein heterodimerization activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
biological_process ND
No biological Data available
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
extracellular exosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleosome IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Preferred Names
histone H2A type 1
Names
H2A histone family, member P
H2A.1
histone 1, H2ag
histone H2A/p

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_021064.4NP_066408.1  histone H2A type 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_066408.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AK312124, BC016677
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS4619.1
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A4FTV9
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    B2R5B3
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P0C0S8
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    PTZ00017
    Location:1130
    PTZ00017; histone H2A; Provisional
    cd00074
    Location:6120
    H2A; Histone 2A; H2A is a subunit of the nucleosome. The nucleosome is an octamer containing two H2A, H2B, H3, and H4 subunits. The H2A subunit performs essential roles in maintaining structural integrity of the nucleosome, chromatin condensation, and binding ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 107

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000006.12 Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly

    Range
    27133038..27133535
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018917.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Range
    27103139..27103636
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)