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SOCS1 suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 8651, updated on 12-Apr-2014
Official Symbol
SOCS1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
suppressor of cytokine signaling 1provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:19383
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000185338; HPRD:04669; MIM:603597; Vega:OTTHUMG00000129792
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
JAB; CIS1; SSI1; TIP3; CISH1; SSI-1; SOCS-1
Summary
This gene encodes a member of the STAT-induced STAT inhibitor (SSI), also known as suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS), family. SSI family members are cytokine-inducible negative regulators of cytokine signaling. The expression of this gene can be induced by a subset of cytokines, including IL2, IL3 erythropoietin (EPO), CSF2/GM-CSF, and interferon (IFN)-gamma. The protein encoded by this gene functions downstream of cytokine receptors, and takes part in a negative feedback loop to attenuate cytokine signaling. Knockout studies in mice suggested the role of this gene as a modulator of IFN-gamma action, which is required for normal postnatal growth and survival. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Location :
16p13.13
Sequence :
Chromosome: 16; NC_000016.10 (11254417..11256182, complement)
See SOCS1 in Epigenomics, MapViewer

Chromosome 16 - NC_000016.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene C-type lectin domain family 16, member A Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L7 pseudogene 46 Neighboring gene heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein C pseudogene 4 Neighboring gene transition protein 2 (during histone to protamine replacement) Neighboring gene protamine 3

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Combined analysis of genome-wide association studies for Crohn disease and psoriasis identifies seven shared susceptibility loci.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genetic variants associated with disordered eating.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Multiple common variants for celiac disease influencing immune gene expression.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Gag, Pr55 gag The suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) directly binds to the matrix and nucleocapsid regions of the HIV-1 p55 Gag and enhances its stability and trafficking, resulting in the efficient production of HIV-1 particles PubMed
Nef, p27 nef HIV-1 Nef suppresses immunoglobulin class-switch DNA recombination by inducing IkappaBalpha and SOCS proteins, which block CD154, IL-4 and IL-10 cytokine signaling via NF-kappaB and STAT transcription factors PubMed
matrix gag The suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) directly binds to the matrix and nucleocapsid regions of the HIV-1 p55 Gag and enhances its stability and trafficking, resulting in the efficient production of HIV-1 particles PubMed
nucleocapsid gag The suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) directly binds to the matrix and nucleocapsid regions of the HIV-1 p55 Gag and enhances its stability and trafficking, resulting in the efficient production of HIV-1 particles PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database

  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Adipogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Adipogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThe different classess of factors involved in adipogenesis are shown. Adipogenesis is the process by which fat cells differentiate from predadipocytes to adipocytes (fat cells). Adipose tissue, compo...
  • Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation, organism-specific biosystemIntracellular foreign or aberrant host proteins are cleaved into peptide fragments of a precise size, such that they can be loaded on to class I MHC molecules and presented externally to cytotoxic T ...
  • Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystemMajor histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules play an important role in cell mediated immunity by reporting on intracellular events such as viral infection, the presence of intracellular b...
  • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
  • ECS complex, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    ECS complex, organism-specific biosystemStructural complex; Genetic information processing; Ubiquitin system
  • ECS complex, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    ECS complex, conserved biosystemStructural complex; Genetic information processing; Ubiquitin system
  • EGFR1 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    EGFR1 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe androgen receptor is a member of the nuclear receptor family of ligand activated transcription factors. These receptors bind to steroid hormones, thyroid hormone, retinoids and vitamin D among ot...
  • EPO Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    EPO Receptor Signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe erythropoietin receptor is a 66 kDa peptide and is a member of the cytokine receptor family. The receptor is tyrosine phosphorylated upon binding by erythropoietin and associates with and activat...
  • Growth hormone receptor signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Growth hormone receptor signaling, organism-specific biosystemGrowth hormone (Somatotropin or GH) is a key factor in determining lean body mass, stimulating the growth and metabolism of muscle, bone and cartilage cells, while reducing body fat. It has many othe...
  • IFN-gamma pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IFN-gamma pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    IFN-gamma pathway
  • IL-4 signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-4 signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-4 belongs to the IL-2 family of cytokines, which includes IL-2, IL-7, IL-9, IL-15 and IL-21. It signals through 2 different receptor complexes; Receptor complex 1 comprises of IL-4 recept...
  • IL-5 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-5 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-5 belongs to the family of cytokines, which includes IL-3 and GM-CSF. It signals through a receptor complex comprising of an IL-5 receptor alpha subunit (IL5RA), and a common beta chain w...
  • IL12-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL12-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    IL12-mediated signaling events
  • IL2-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL2-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    IL2-mediated signaling events
  • IL4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    IL4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    IL4-mediated signaling events
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Insulin Signaling, organism-specific biosystemInsulin signaling influences energy metabolism as well as growth. The presence of insulin signals the fed state, and this signal is passed via the AKT branch, which leads to the uptake of glucose fro...
  • Insulin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Insulin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (INSR). This allows association of IRSs with the r...
  • Insulin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Insulin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (INSR). This allows association of IRSs with the r...
  • Interferon Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interferon Signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterferons (IFNs) are cytokines that play a central role in initiating immune responses, especially antiviral and antitumor effects. There are three types of IFNs:Type I (IFN-alpha, -beta and others...
  • Interferon alpha/beta signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interferon alpha/beta signaling, organism-specific biosystemType I interferons (IFNs) are composed of various genes including IFN alpha (IFNA), beta (IFNB), omega, epsilon, and kappa. In humans the IFNA genes are composed of more than 13 subfamily genes, wher...
  • Interferon gamma signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interferon gamma signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) belongs to the type II interferon family and is secreted by activated immune cells-primarily T and NK cells, but also B-cells and APC. INFG exerts its effect on cells by ...
  • Interferon type I, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Interferon type I, organism-specific biosystemThe type I IFNs (IFN? family, IFN?, IFN?, IFN? and IFN?) all bind to and signal via the type I IFN receptor complex. The type I receptor consists of two main IFNAR1, IFNAR2c receptor chains and other...
  • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Jak-STAT signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
  • Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Jak-STAT signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway is one of a handful of pleiotropic cascades used to transduce a multitude of signals for development and homeost...
  • Kit Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Kit Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemKit is a receptor protein tyrosine kinase, which is a receptor for stem cell factor or kit ligand. Signaling through Kit is important for formation of red cells, lymphocytes, mast cells and platelets...
  • MicroRNAs in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    MicroRNAs in cancer, organism-specific biosystemMicroRNA (miRNA) is a cluster of small non-encoding RNA molecules of 21 - 23 nucleotides in length, which controls gene expression post-transcriptionally either via the degradation of target mRNAs or...
  • MicroRNAs in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    MicroRNAs in cancer, conserved biosystemMicroRNA (miRNA) is a cluster of small non-encoding RNA molecules of 21 - 23 nucleotides in length, which controls gene expression post-transcriptionally either via the degradation of target mRNAs or...
  • Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Osteoclast differentiation, organism-specific biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
  • Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Osteoclast differentiation, conserved biosystemThe osteoclasts, multinucleared cells originating from the hematopoietic monocyte-macrophage lineage, are responsible for bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis is mainly regulated by signaling pathways...
  • Prolactin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Prolactin Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemProlactin (PRL), a pleiotropic polypeptide hormone, mostly secreted by the lactotrophic cells of anterior pituitary gland and to a lesser extent expressed in numerous extra pituitary tissues such as ...
  • Prolactin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prolactin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemProlactin (PRL) is a polypeptide hormone known to be involved in a wide range of biological functions including osmoregulation, lactation, reproduction, growth and development, endocrinology and meta...
  • Prolactin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prolactin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemProlactin (PRL) is a polypeptide hormone known to be involved in a wide range of biological functions including osmoregulation, lactation, reproduction, growth and development, endocrinology and meta...
  • Regulation of IFNA signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of IFNA signaling, organism-specific biosystemThere are several proteins and mechanisms involved in controlling the extent of ligand stimulation of IFNA/B signaling. These mechanisms can effect every step of the IFNA/B cascade. Dephosphorylation...
  • Regulation of IFNG signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of IFNG signaling, organism-specific biosystemAt least three different classes of negative regulators exist to control the extent of INFG stimulation and signaling. These include the feedback inhibitors belonging to protein family suppressors of...
  • Regulation of KIT signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of KIT signaling, organism-specific biosystemSCF induced proliferation is negatively regulated by various proteins including SHP1, PKC, CBL, SOCS1, SOCS6 and LNK.
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystemStem cell factor (SCF) is a growth factor with membrane bound and soluble forms. It is expressed by fibroblasts and endothelial cells throughout the body, promoting proliferation, migration, survival...
  • Signaling events mediated by Stem cell factor receptor (c-Kit), organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Signaling events mediated by Stem cell factor receptor (c-Kit), organism-specific biosystem
    Signaling events mediated by Stem cell factor receptor (c-Kit)
  • Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
  • Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
  • Type II diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Type II diabetes mellitus, organism-specific biosystemInsulin resistance is strongly associated with type II diabetes. "Diabetogenic" factors including FFA, TNFalpha and cellular stress induce insulin resistance through inhibition of IRS1 functions. Ser...
  • Type II diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Type II diabetes mellitus, conserved biosystemInsulin resistance is strongly associated with type II diabetes. "Diabetogenic" factors including FFA, TNFalpha and cellular stress induce insulin resistance through inhibition of IRS1 functions. Ser...
  • Type II interferon signaling (IFNG), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Type II interferon signaling (IFNG), organism-specific biosystemAdapted from Raza et al. (2008). This pathway is initiated by IFNG binding to its receptor and a subsequent phosphorylation cascade involving a number of the JAK and STAT family of proteins. Several ...
  • Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, organism-specific biosystemProtein ubiquitination plays an important role in eukaryotic cellular processes. It mainly functions as a signal for 26S proteasome dependent protein degradation. The addition of ubiquitin to protein...
  • Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis, conserved biosystemProtein ubiquitination plays an important role in eukaryotic cellular processes. It mainly functions as a signal for 26S proteasome dependent protein degradation. The addition of ubiquitin to protein...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
insulin-like growth factor receptor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
kinase inhibitor activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein kinase binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein kinase inhibitor activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
JAK-STAT cascade TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
JAK-STAT cascade involved in growth hormone signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cellular response to amino acid stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cytokine-mediated signaling pathway ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cytokine-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
fat cell differentiation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
interferon-gamma-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
negative regulation of JAK-STAT cascade ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of JAK-STAT cascade NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of insulin receptor signaling pathway ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of protein kinase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 protein ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
protein ubiquitination IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of growth IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of interferon-gamma-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
regulation of protein phosphorylation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
regulation of type I interferon-mediated signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
type I interferon signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cytoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasmic membrane-bounded vesicle IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Preferred Names
suppressor of cytokine signaling 1
Names
suppressor of cytokine signaling 1
TIP-3
JAK binding protein
JAK-binding protein
Tec-interacting protein 3
STAT induced SH3 protein 1
STAT-induced STAT inhibitor 1
cytokine-inducible SH2 protein 1

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_003745.1NP_003736.1  suppressor of cytokine signaling 1

    See proteins identical to NP_003736.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AB000734
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS10546.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O15524
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q4JHT5
    Related
    ENSP00000329418, OTTHUMP00000160221, ENST00000332029, OTTHUMT00000252018
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd10382
    Location:68165
    Blast Score: 500
    SH2_SOCS1; Src homology 2 (SH2) domain found in suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) proteins
    cd03735
    Location:169211
    Blast Score: 221
    SOCS_SOCS1; SOCS (suppressors of cytokine signaling) box of SOCS1-like proteins. Together with CIS1, the CIS/SOCS family of proteins is characterized by the presence of a C-terminal SOCS box and a central SH2 domain. SOCS1, like CIS1 and SOCS3, is involved in the ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000016.10 Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

    Range
    11254417..11256182, complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate HuRef

Genomic

  1. AC_000148.1 Alternate HuRef

    Range
    11266017..11267782, complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018927.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Range
    11348201..11349966, complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Supplemental Content

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