Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

CASP9 caspase 9, apoptosis-related cysteine peptidase [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 842, updated on 26-Aug-2014
Official Symbol
CASP9provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
caspase 9, apoptosis-related cysteine peptidaseprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:1511
Locus tag
RP11-265F14.3
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000132906; HPRD:03756; MIM:602234; Vega:OTTHUMG00000002256
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
MCH6; APAF3; APAF-3; PPP1R56; ICE-LAP6
Summary
This gene encodes a member of the cysteine-aspartic acid protease (caspase) family. Sequential activation of caspases plays a central role in the execution-phase of cell apoptosis. Caspases exist as inactive proenzymes which undergo proteolytic processing at conserved aspartic residues to produce two subunits, large and small, that dimerize to form the active enzyme. This protein can undergo autoproteolytic processing and activation by the apoptosome, a protein complex of cytochrome c and the apoptotic peptidase activating factor 1; this step is thought to be one of the earliest in the caspase activation cascade. This protein is thought to play a central role in apoptosis and to be a tumor suppressor. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]
See CASP9 in Epigenomics
Location:
1p36.21
Exon count:
11
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
106 current GRCh38 (GCF_000001405.26) 1 NC_000001.11 (15489723..15524912, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 1 NC_000001.10 (15817896..15851407, complement)

Chromosome 1 - NC_000001.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene chymotrypsin C (caldecrin) Neighboring gene chymotrypsin-like elastase family, member 2A Neighboring gene chymotrypsin-like elastase family, member 2B Neighboring gene DnaJ (Hsp40) homolog, subfamily C, member 16 Neighboring gene agmatine ureohydrolase (agmatinase) Neighboring gene coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 2 pseudogene 6

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env The interaction of cell-associated HIV-1 gp120 with CXCR4-expressing target cells triggers apoptotic processes by activating caspase-9 and -3 PubMed
env Treatment of human retinal capillary endothelial cells (HRCECs) with HIV-1 gp120 increases the numbers of apoptotic cells and expression of cleaved caspase-9 protein, but decreases mitochondrial membrane potential PubMed
env Treatment of HIV-1 Env-pseudotyped virus-infected MDM cells with both soluble TRAIL and an agonistic anti-DR5 antibody AD5-10 induces activation of caspase-3, -8, and -9 PubMed
env Siva-1 sensitizes CD4-positive T-cells to HIV-1 gp120/gp41-induced apoptosis. The Siva-1-mediated sensitization on CD4-positive T-cells shows significant activation of caspase-3, -8, and -9 PubMed
Envelope transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 env Siva-1 sensitizes CD4-positive T-cells to HIV-1 gp120/gp41-induced apoptosis. The Siva-1-mediated sensitization on CD4-positive T-cells shows significant activation of caspase-3, -8, and -9 PubMed
Nef nef Microarray analyses have shown HIV-1 Nef-induced upregulation of caspase-9 in primary human brain micro vascular endothelial cells PubMed
Tat tat FasL-induced release of cytochrome c and activation of caspase-9 are inhibited in HIV-1 Tat101-expressing Jurkat cells due to high stability of the mitochondrial inner membrane electrochemical potential PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat activates caspase 9 to induce apoptotic cell death in retinal pigment epithelial cells PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat-induced apoptosis through increased expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, proapoptotic protein Bax and activation of caspases CASP3 and CASP9 is inhibited by estrogen receptor beta (ER)-mediated estrogen treatment PubMed
Vpr vpr HIV-1 Vpr carboxy-terminally truncated form C81, which does not contain the arginine-rich domain (amino acids 82-96), induces apoptosis via the activation of caspase 9 PubMed
vpr Virion-associated Vpr activates caspase 3/7, 8, and 9 in Fas-mediated apoptosis in Jurkat T cells and human activated PBMCs PubMed
vpr Virion-associated Vpr triggers apoptosis through caspases 3/7 and 9 in human T cells independently of other HIV de novo-expressed proteins and also activates caspase 8, the initiator caspase of the death receptor pathway PubMed
vpr Overproduction of EEF2 blocks HIV-1 Vpr-induced cell death both in fission yeast and human cells, suppresses caspase 9 and caspase 3-mediated apoptosis induced by Vpr, and reduces cytochrome c release induced by Vpr PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr-induced apoptosis through caspase activation and Smac release from mitochondria is dependent on G2 cell cycle arrest , but is lost in cells synchronized in G1/S PubMed
vpr HIV-1 Vpr induces apoptosis through activation of caspase 9 as well as by increasing the overall expression level of caspase 9 PubMed
retropepsin gag-pol HIV-1 protease directly cleaves and activates procaspase 8 in T cells which is associated with cleavage of BID, mitochondrial release of cytochrome c, activation of the downstream caspases 9 and 3, and cleavage of DFF and PARP PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database

  • AGE/RAGE pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    AGE/RAGE pathway, organism-specific biosystemAdvanced glycation end products (AGEs) are heterogeneous group of non-enzymatic malliard reaction products of aldose sugar with proteins and lipids. Formation of AGEs is an indicator of one of the ma...
  • AKT phosphorylates targets in the cytosol, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    AKT phosphorylates targets in the cytosol, organism-specific biosystemFollowing activation, AKT can phosphorylate an array of target proteins in the cytoplasm, many of which are involved in cell survival control. Phosphorylation of TSC2 feeds positively to the TOR kina...
  • Activation of caspases through apoptosome-mediated cleavage, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of caspases through apoptosome-mediated cleavage, organism-specific biosystemProcaspase-3 and 7 are cleaved by the apoptosome.
  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Alzheimer's disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alzheimer's disease, organism-specific biosystemAlzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic disorder that slowly destroys neurons and causes serious cognitive disability. AD is associated with senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Amyloid-b...
  • Alzheimer's disease, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alzheimer's disease, conserved biosystemAlzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic disorder that slowly destroys neurons and causes serious cognitive disability. AD is associated with senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Amyloid-b...
  • Alzheimers Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Alzheimers Disease, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway displays current genes, proteolytic events and other processes associated with the progression of Alzheimer's disease. This pathway was adapted from KEGG on 10/7/2011. Note: mitochondria...
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), conserved biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a distinct form of cell death that is functionally and morphologically different from necrosis. Nuclear chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic shrinking, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, and ...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a genetically controlled mechanisms of cell death involved in the regulation of tissue homeostasis. The 2 major pathways of apoptosis are the extrinsic (Fas and other TNFR superfamily me...
  • Apoptosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apoptosis, conserved biosystemApoptosis is a genetically controlled mechanisms of cell death involved in the regulation of tissue homeostasis. The 2 major pathways of apoptosis are the extrinsic (Fas and other TNFR superfamily me...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a distinct form of cell death that is functionally and morphologically different from necrosis. Nuclear chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic shrinking, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, and ...
  • Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis, or cell death program, can be activated by various mechanisms within the extrinsic and the intrinsic pathway. While activation of cell death receptors leads to the engagement of the extrin...
  • Apoptosis Modulation by HSP70, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Apoptosis Modulation by HSP70, organism-specific biosystem
    Apoptosis Modulation by HSP70
  • Apoptotic factor-mediated response, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Apoptotic factor-mediated response, organism-specific biosystemIn response to apoptotic signals, mitochondrial proteins are released into the cytosol and activate both caspase-dependent and -independent cell death pathways. Cytochrome c induces apoptosome form...
  • B Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    B Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe B cell receptor includes membrane ?? heavy chain molecules bound to a light chain and an Ig alpha (CD79A)/Ig beta (CD79B) heterodimer. Activation of the B cell receptor involves phosphorylation o...
  • Caspase cascade in apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Caspase cascade in apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem
    Caspase cascade in apoptosis
  • Class I PI3K signaling events mediated by Akt, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Class I PI3K signaling events mediated by Akt, organism-specific biosystem
    Class I PI3K signaling events mediated by Akt
  • Colorectal cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Colorectal cancer, organism-specific biosystemColorectal cancer (CRC) is the second largest cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. CRC arises from the colorectal epithelium as a result of the accumulation of genetic alterations in ...
  • Colorectal cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Colorectal cancer, conserved biosystemColorectal cancer (CRC) is the second largest cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. CRC arises from the colorectal epithelium as a result of the accumulation of genetic alterations in ...
  • Constitutive PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Constitutive PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemClass IA PI3K is a heterodimer of a p85 regulatory subunit (encoded by PIK3R1, PIK3R2 or PIK3R3) and a p110 catalytic subunit (encoded by PIK3CA, PIK3CB or PIK3CD). In the absence of activating signa...
  • Corticotropin-releasing hormone, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Corticotropin-releasing hormone, organism-specific biosystemCorticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a neuropeptide secreted abundantly in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, amygdala, cerebral cortex and cerebellum in the central nervous system ...
  • Cytochrome c-mediated apoptotic response, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytochrome c-mediated apoptotic response, organism-specific biosystemUpon its release from the mitochondrial intermembrane space, Cytochrome c binds to and causes a conformational change in the cytoplasmic protein Apaf1. This conformational change allows the Cytochrom...
  • DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystemDNAX activation protein of 12kDa (DAP12) is an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-bearing adapter molecule that transduces activating signals in natural killer (NK) and myeloid cel...
  • DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystemIn response to receptor ligation, the tyrosine residues in DAP12's immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) are phosphorylated by Src family kinases. These phosphotyrosines form the dock...
  • DNA damage response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    DNA damage response, organism-specific biosystemThis is the first pathway out of two pathways which deals with DNA damage response. It has two central gene products (ATM and ATR) which are connected to the sources of DNA damage (in blue). The two ...
  • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
  • Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemThe role of autophosphorylation sites on PDGF receptors are to provide docking sites for downstream signal transduction molecules which contain SH2 domains. The SH2 domain is a conserved motif of aro...
  • Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystemSecond messengers (calcium, diacylglycerol, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, and phosphatidyinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate) trigger signaling pathways: NF-kappaB is activated via protein kinase C beta, RA...
  • Downstream signaling of activated FGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signaling of activated FGFR, organism-specific biosystemSignaling via FGFRs is mediated via direct recruitment of signaling proteins that bind to tyrosine auto-phosphorylation sites on the activated receptor and via closely linked docking proteins that be...
  • EGFR1 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    EGFR1 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe androgen receptor is a member of the nuclear receptor family of ligand activated transcription factors. These receptors bind to steroid hormones, thyroid hormone, retinoids and vitamin D among ot...
  • Endometrial cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endometrial cancer, organism-specific biosystemEndometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynaecological malignancy and the fourth most common malignancy in women in the developed world after breast, colorectal and lung cancer. Two types of endom...
  • Endometrial cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endometrial cancer, conserved biosystemEndometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynaecological malignancy and the fourth most common malignancy in women in the developed world after breast, colorectal and lung cancer. Two types of endom...
  • FAS pathway and Stress induction of HSP regulation, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    FAS pathway and Stress induction of HSP regulation, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway describes the Fas induced apoptosis and interplay with Hsp27 in response to stress. More info: [http://www.biocarta.com/pathfiles/h_hsp27Pathway.asp BioCarta].
  • Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystemMast cells (MC) are distributed in tissues throughout the human body and have long been recognized as key cells of type I hypersensitivity reactions. They also play important roles in inflammatory an...
  • Formation of apoptosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Formation of apoptosome, organism-specific biosystemCytoplasmic cytochrome c binds to apoptotic protease activating factor-1 (Apaf-1) promoting the formation of an Apaf-1 oligomer (the apoptosome) which in turn binds and activates caspase-9.
  • GAB1 signalosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GAB1 signalosome, organism-specific biosystemGAB1 is recruited to the activated EGFR indirectly, through GRB2. GAB1 acts as an adaptor protein that enables formation of an active PIK3, through recruitment of PIK3 regulatory subunit PIK3R1 (also...
  • HIV-1 Nef: Negative effector of Fas and TNF-alpha, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    HIV-1 Nef: Negative effector of Fas and TNF-alpha, organism-specific biosystem
    HIV-1 Nef: Negative effector of Fas and TNF-alpha
  • Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystemHepatitis B virus (HBV) is an enveloped virus and contains a partially double-stranded relaxed circular DNA (RC-DNA) genome. After entry into hepatocytes, HBV RC-DNA is transported to the nucleus and...
  • Huntington's disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Huntington's disease, organism-specific biosystemHuntington disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects medium spiny striatal neurons (MSN). The symptoms are choreiform, involuntary movements, personality...
  • Huntington's disease, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Huntington's disease, conserved biosystemHuntington disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects medium spiny striatal neurons (MSN). The symptoms are choreiform, involuntary movements, personality...
  • IL-6 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    IL-6 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-6 belongs to a family of cytokines which includes IL-11, ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), cardiotropin-1, cardiotrophin-like cytokine, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and Oncostatin M...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Influenza A, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Influenza A, organism-specific biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
  • Influenza A, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Influenza A, conserved biosystemInfluenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both annual seasonal epidemics and periodic worldwide pandemics. Novel strains ...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Breast Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway incorporates the most important proteins for Breast Cancer. The Rp score from the Connectivity-Maps (C-Maps) webserver was used to determine the rank of the most important proteins in Br...
  • Integrated Cancer pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Cancer pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    Integrated Cancer pathway
  • Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystemAn integrated pathway model which displays the protein-protein interactions (PPIs) among the relevant proteins for pancreatic cancer. This pathway is a collection of different mechanistic protein pat...
  • Intrinsic Pathway for Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Intrinsic Pathway for Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemThe intrinsic (Bcl-2 inhibitable or mitochondrial) pathway of apoptosis functions in response to various types of intracellular stress including growth factor withdrawal, DNA damage, unfolding stress...
  • Legionellosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Legionellosis, organism-specific biosystemLegionellosis is a potentially fatal infectious disease caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila and other legionella species. Two distinct clinical and epidemiological syndromes are associated...
  • Legionellosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Legionellosis, conserved biosystemLegionellosis is a potentially fatal infectious disease caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila and other legionella species. Two distinct clinical and epidemiological syndromes are associated...
  • MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
  • NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemTrk receptors signal from the plasma membrane and from intracellular membranes, particularly from early endosomes. Signalling from the plasma membrane is fast but transient; signalling from endosomes...
  • NOD pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    NOD pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe NOD (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain) proteins NOD1 and NOD2 have important roles in innate immunity as sensors of microbial components derived from bacterial peptidoglycan. The importa...
  • NOD1/2 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    NOD1/2 Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemNOD1 is ubiquitously expressed, while NOD2 expression is restricted to monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, and intestinal Paneth cells (Inohara et al. 2005). NOD1 and NOD2 activation induces tra...
  • Non-small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer and represents a heter...
  • Non-small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer and represents a heter...
  • Nucleotide-binding domain, leucine rich repeat containing receptor (NLR) signaling pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Nucleotide-binding domain, leucine rich repeat containing receptor (NLR) signaling pathways, organism-specific biosystemThe innate immune system is the first line of defense against invading microorganisms, a broad specificity response characterized by the recruitment and activation of phagocytes and the release of an...
  • PI-3K cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI-3K cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe ability of growth factors to protect from apoptosis is primarily due to the activation of the AKT survival pathway. P-I-3-kinase dependent activation of PDK leads to the activation of AKT which i...
  • PI3K events in ERBB2 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K events in ERBB2 signaling, organism-specific biosystemERBB2:ERBB3 and ERBB2:ERBB4cyt1 heterodimers activate PI3K signaling by direct binding of PI3K regulatory subunit p85 (Yang et al. 2007, Cohen et al. 1996, Kaushansky et al. 2008) to phosphorylated t...
  • PI3K events in ERBB4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K events in ERBB4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe CYT1 isoforms of ERBB4 possess a C-tail tyrosine residue that, upon trans-autophosphorylation, serves as a docking site for the p85 alpha subunit of PI3K - PIK3R1 (Kaushansky et al. 2008, Cohen e...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway describes how normal signaling by PI3K/AKT, presented in the contained module 'PIP3 Activates AKT Signaling' and recently reviewed by Manning and Cantley in 2007, is perturbed in cancer,...
  • PI3K/AKT activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PI3K/AKT activation, organism-specific biosystemPI3K/AKT signalling is a major regulator of neuron survival. It blocks cell death by both impinging on the cytoplasmic cell death machinery and by regulating the expression of genes involved in cell...
  • PIP3 activates AKT signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PIP3 activates AKT signaling, organism-specific biosystemSignaling by AKT is one of the key outcomes of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) activation. AKT is activated by the cellular second messenger PIP3, a phospholipid that is generated by PI3K. In ustimula...
  • Pancreatic cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pancreatic cancer, organism-specific biosystemInfiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common malignancy of the pancreas. When most investigators use the term 'pancreatic cancer' they are referring to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA)...
  • Pancreatic cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pancreatic cancer, conserved biosystemInfiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common malignancy of the pancreas. When most investigators use the term 'pancreatic cancer' they are referring to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA)...
  • Parkinson's disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Parkinson's disease, organism-specific biosystemParkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder that results primarily from the death of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc). Mutations...
  • Parkinsons Disease Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Parkinsons Disease Pathway, organism-specific biosystemMost people with Parkinson's disease have idiopathic Parkinson's disease (having no specific known cause). A small proportion of cases, however, can be attributed to known genetic factors. Mutations ...
  • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Pathways in cancer
  • Prostate Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Prostate Cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Prostate Cancer
  • Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
  • Prostate cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prostate cancer, conserved biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
  • Regulation of Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemA regulated balance between cell survival and apoptosis is essential for normal development and homeostasis of multicellular organisms (see Matsuzawa, 2001). Defects in control of this balance may...
  • Role of DCC in regulating apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Role of DCC in regulating apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemIn the presence of Netrin1, DCC and UNC5 generate attractive and repulsive signals to growing axons. In the absence of Netrin-1, DCC induces cell death signaling initiated via caspase cleavage of DCC...
  • Role of LAT2/NTAL/LAB on calcium mobilization, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Role of LAT2/NTAL/LAB on calcium mobilization, organism-specific biosystemThe lipid raft resident adaptor molecules LAT1 and Non-T cell activation linker (NTAL), also known as linker for activation of B cells (LAB)/LAT2 are known participants in the regulation of mast cell...
  • SMAC binds to IAPs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    SMAC binds to IAPs, organism-specific biosystemSMAC binds to the XIAP:caspase complexes.
  • SMAC-mediated apoptotic response, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    SMAC-mediated apoptotic response, organism-specific biosystemOnce released from the mitochondria, SMAC binds to IAP family proteins displacing them from Caspase:IAP complexes liberating the active caspases.
  • SMAC-mediated dissociation of IAP:caspase complexes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    SMAC-mediated dissociation of IAP:caspase complexes, organism-specific biosystemSmac/DIABLO regulates IAP function. Residues 56-59 of Smac/DIABLO are homologous to the amino-terminal motif that is used by caspase-9 to bind to the BIR3 domain of XIAP. Binding of Smac/DIABLO to ...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystemThe epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one member of the ERBB family of transmembrane glycoprotein tyrosine receptor kinases (RTK). Binding of EGFR to its ligands induces conformational chang...
  • Signaling by EGFR in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by EGFR in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemThe pathway "Signaling by EGFR in Cancer" shows "Signaling by constitutively active EGFR" in parallel with "Signaling by EGFR". This allows users to compare signaling by constitutively active EGFR ca...
  • Signaling by ERBB2, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by ERBB2, organism-specific biosystemERBB2, also known as HER2 or NEU, is a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) belonging to the EGFR family. ERBB2 possesses an extracellular domain that does not bind any known ligand, contrary to other EGFR...
  • Signaling by ERBB4, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by ERBB4, organism-specific biosystemERBB4, also known as HER4, belongs to the ERBB family of receptors, which also includes ERBB1 (EGFR i.e. HER1), ERBB2 (HER2 i.e. NEU) and ERBB3 (HER3). Similar to EGFR, ERBB4 has an extracellular lig...
  • Signaling by FGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by FGFR, organism-specific biosystemThe 22 members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family of growth factors mediate their cellular responses by binding to and activating the different isoforms encoded by the four receptor tyrosin...
  • Signaling by FGFR in disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by FGFR in disease, organism-specific biosystemThe pathway 'Signaling by FGFR in disease' shows 'Signaling by FGFR mutants' in parallel with the wild-type pathway 'Signaling by FGFR', allowing users to compare disease and normal events. FGFR mut...
  • Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet-derived Growth Factor (PDGF) is a potent stimulator of growth and motility of connective tissue cells such as fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells as well as other cells such as capillary end...
  • Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystemStem cell factor (SCF) is a growth factor with membrane bound and soluble forms. It is expressed by fibroblasts and endothelial cells throughout the body, promoting proliferation, migration, survival...
  • Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by the B Cell Receptor (BCR), organism-specific biosystemMature B cells express IgM and IgD immunoglobulins which are complexed at the plasma membrane with Ig-alpha (CD79A, MB-1) and Ig-beta (CD79B, B29) to form the B cell receptor (BCR) (Fu et al. 1974, F...
  • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, NT-4/5) play pivotal roles in survival, differentiation, and plasticity of neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. They are produced, and secreted in mi...
  • Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Small cell lung cancer, organism-specific biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
  • Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Small cell lung cancer, conserved biosystemLung cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among men and women in industrialized countries. Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neoplasm, which accounts for approximately 25% ...
  • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
  • Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toxoplasmosis, organism-specific biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
  • Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Toxoplasmosis, conserved biosystemToxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that is prevalent worldwide. The tachyzoite form acquired by oral ingestion downmodulates proinflammatory signaling pathways via various mechan...
  • Tuberculosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tuberculosis, organism-specific biosystemTuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. One third of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. About 90% of those infected result in latent...
  • Tuberculosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tuberculosis, conserved biosystemTuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. One third of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. About 90% of those infected result in latent...
  • VEGF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    VEGF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThere is now much evidence that VEGFR-2 is the major mediator of VEGF-driven responses in endothelial cells and it is considered to be a crucial signal transducer in both physiologic and pathologic a...
  • VEGF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    VEGF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThere is now much evidence that VEGFR-2 is the major mediator of VEGF-driven responses in endothelial cells and it is considered to be a crucial signal transducer in both physiologic and pathologic a...
  • Viral myocarditis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Viral myocarditis, organism-specific biosystemMyocarditis is a cardiac disease associated with inflammation and injury of the myocardium. It results from various etiologies, both noninfectious and infectious, but coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is stil...
  • p53 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    p53 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemp53 activation is induced by a number of stress signals, including DNA damage, oxidative stress and activated oncogenes. The p53 protein is employed as a transcriptional activator of p53-regulated ge...
  • p53 signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    p53 signaling pathway, conserved biosystemp53 activation is induced by a number of stress signals, including DNA damage, oxidative stress and activated oncogenes. The p53 protein is employed as a transcriptional activator of p53-regulated ge...
  • p75(NTR)-mediated signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    p75(NTR)-mediated signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    p75(NTR)-mediated signaling
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
SH3 domain binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cysteine-type endopeptidase activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
enzyme activator activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
peptidase activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein kinase binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process by cytochrome c TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
aging IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
apoptotic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to DNA damage stimulus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to UV IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to dexamethasone stimulus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
glial cell apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
innate immune response TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to DNA damage IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
neurotrophin TRK receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
phosphatidylinositol-mediated signaling TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
platelet formation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of apoptotic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
positive regulation of neuron apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
proteolysis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of apoptotic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
regulation of response to DNA damage stimulus IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
response to antibiotic IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to cobalt ion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to estradiol IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
response to lipopolysaccharide IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
signal transduction in response to DNA damage IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
apoptosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
cytosol IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
mitochondrion IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
nucleus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Preferred Names
caspase-9
Names
caspase-9
apoptotic protease MCH-6
ICE-like apoptotic protease 6
apoptotic protease activating factor 3
protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 56
NP_001220.2
NP_001264983.1
NP_127463.2

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_029188.1 

    Range
    5001..38390
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001229.4NP_001220.2  caspase-9 isoform alpha precursor

    See proteins identical to NP_001220.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (alpha) encodes the longest isoform (alpha).
    Source sequence(s)
    AL512883, BC006463
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS158.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P55211
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd08326
    Location:1790
    Blast Score: 325
    CARD_CASP9; Caspase activation and recruitment domain of Caspase-9
    cd00032
    Location:152414
    Blast Score: 813
    CASc; Caspase, interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme (ICE) homologues; Cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed proteases that mediate programmed cell death (apoptosis). Caspases are synthesized as inactive zymogens and activated by proteolysis of the peptide ...
  2. NM_001278054.1NP_001264983.1  caspase-9 isoform beta

    See proteins identical to NP_001264983.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (beta) lacks several alternate in-frame exons in the coding region compared to variant alpha. It encodes isoform beta (also known as caspase-9S, caspase-9 beta, caspase-9b) which is shorter compared to isoform alpha.
    Source sequence(s)
    AB015653, AL512883
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS59995.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P55211
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd08326
    Location:1790
    Blast Score: 314
    CARD_CASP9; Caspase activation and recruitment domain of Caspase-9
    cl00042
    Location:140264
    Blast Score: 321
    CASc; Caspase, interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme (ICE) homologues; Cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed proteases that mediate programmed cell death (apoptosis). Caspases are synthesized as inactive zymogens and activated by proteolysis of the peptide ...
  3. NM_032996.3NP_127463.2  caspase-9 isoform 3

    See proteins identical to NP_127463.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) differs in the 5' UTR, lacks a portion of the 5' coding region, and initiates translation at a downstream start codon, compared to variant alpha. The encoded isoform (3) has a shorter N-terminus, compared to isoform alpha.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK303743, AL512883, DA078665
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS159.2
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P55211
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00032
    Location:69331
    Blast Score: 813
    CASc; Caspase, interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme (ICE) homologues; Cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed proteases that mediate programmed cell death (apoptosis). Caspases are synthesized as inactive zymogens and activated by proteolysis of the peptide ...

RNA

  1. NR_102732.1 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (4) uses an alternate splice site in an internal exon compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding because the use of the 5'-most supported translational start codon, as used in variant alpha, renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
    Source sequence(s)
    AL512883, AY732490, HY027003
  2. NR_102733.1 RNA Sequence

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (5) uses an alternate splice site in an internal exon compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding because the use of the 5'-most supported translational start codon, as used in variant alpha, renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
    Source sequence(s)
    AJ781267, AL512883

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000001.11 

    Range
    15489723..15524912
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_005246014.1XP_005246071.1  

    See proteins identical to XP_005246071.1

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P55211
    Related
    ENSP00000330237, OTTHUMP00000002322, ENST00000333868, OTTHUMT00000006438
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00032
    Location:69331
    Blast Score: 813
    CASc; Caspase, interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme (ICE) homologues; Cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed proteases that mediate programmed cell death (apoptosis). Caspases are synthesized as inactive zymogens and activated by proteolysis of the peptide ...

RNA

  1. XR_426635.1 RNA Sequence

Alternate HuRef

Genomic

  1. AC_000133.1 

    Range
    14337387..14370798
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018912.2 

    Range
    15616531..15649948
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)