Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

TNIP2 TNFAIP3 interacting protein 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 79155, updated on 8-May-2016
Official Symbol
TNIP2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
TNFAIP3 interacting protein 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:19118
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000168884 HPRD:18207; MIM:610669; Vega:OTTHUMG00000090267
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
KLIP; ABIN2; FLIP1
Summary
This gene encodes a protein which acts as an inhibitor of NFkappaB activation. The encoded protein is also involved in MAP/ERK signaling pathway in specific cell types. It may be involved in apoptosis of endothelial cells. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A pseudogene related to this gene is located on the X chromosome.[provided by RefSeq, May 2014]
Orthologs
Location:
4p16.3
Exon count:
6
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
107 current GRCh38.p2 (GCF_000001405.28) 4 NC_000004.12 (2741660..2756376, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 4 NC_000004.11 (2743387..2758103, complement)

Chromosome 4 - NC_000004.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene ring finger protein 4 Neighboring gene family with sequence similarity 193 member A Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC102723763 Neighboring gene SH3 domain binding protein 2

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

  • Activated TLR4 signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activated TLR4 signalling, organism-specific biosystemTLR4 is unique among the TLR family in its ability to recruit four adapters to activate two distinct signaling pathways. One pathway is activated by the pair of the adapters Mal or TIRAP (Toll/inter...
  • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • Interleukin-1 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Interleukin-1 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin 1 (IL1) signals via Interleukin 1 receptor 1 (IL1R1), the only signaling-capable IL1 receptor. This is a single chain type 1 transmembrane protein comprising an extracellular ligand bindi...
  • MAP kinase activation in TLR cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MAP kinase activation in TLR cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade, one of the most ancient and evolutionarily conserved signaling pathways, is involved in many processes of immune responses. The MAP kinases cascad...
  • MAP3K8 (TPL2)-dependent MAPK1/3 activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MAP3K8 (TPL2)-dependent MAPK1/3 activation, organism-specific biosystemTumor progression locus-2 (TPL2, also known as COT and MAP3K8) functions as a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase kinase (MAP3K) in various stress-responsive signaling cascades. MAP3K8 (TP...
  • MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemMammalian myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is Toll/interleukin (IL)-1 (TIR)-domain containing adapter protein which plays crucial role in TLR signaling. All TLRs, with only one exception of...
  • MyD88 dependent cascade initiated on endosome, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MyD88 dependent cascade initiated on endosome, organism-specific biosystemUpon binding of their ligands, TLR7/8 and TLR9 recruit a cytoplasmic adaptor MyD88 and IRAKs, downstream of which the signaling pathways are divided to induce either inflammatory cytokines or type I ...
  • MyD88-independent TLR3/TLR4 cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MyD88-independent TLR3/TLR4 cascade, organism-specific biosystemMyD88-independent signaling pathway is shared by TLR3 and TLR4 cascades. TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-beta (TRIF or TICAM1) is a key adapter molecule in transducing signals from ...
  • MyD88:Mal cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    MyD88:Mal cascade initiated on plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemThe first known downstream component of TLR4 and TLR2 signaling is the adaptor MyD88. Another adapter MyD88-adaptor-like (Mal; also known as TIR-domain-containing adaptor protein or TIRAP) has also b...
  • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
  • TNF-alpha/NF-kB Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    TNF-alpha/NF-kB Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem"The Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha is a proinflammatory cytokine belonging to the TNF superfamily. It signals through 2 separate receptors - TNFRSF1A and TNFRSF1B, both members of the TNF receptor supe...
  • TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation, organism-specific biosystemTRAF6 mediates NFkB activation via canonical phosphorylation of IKK complex by TAK1. TRAF6 and TAK1 also regulate MAPK cascades leading to the activation of AP-1.
  • TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling, organism-specific biosystemTRIF(TICAM1) was shown to induce IRF3/7 and NF-?B activation and apoptosis through distinct intracellular signaling pathways [Han KJ et al 2004; Kaiser WJ and Offermann MK et al 2005]. TRIF consists...
  • Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemLittle is known about TLR10 ligands. It has been established that the receptor homodimerizes upon binding and signals in an MyD88-dependent manner (Hasan U et al 2005; Nyman T et al 2008). It may als...
  • Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 is involved in recognition of peptidoglycan from gram-positive bacteria, bacterial lipoproteins, mycoplasma lipoprotein and mycobacterial products. It is quite possible that recognition of at le...
  • Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) as was shown for mammals is expressed on myeloid dendritic cells, respiratory epithelium, macrophages, and appears to play a central role in mediating the antiviral and in...
  • Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemToll-like Receptor 4 is a Microbe Associated Molecular Pattern receptor well known for it's sensitivity to Bacterial Lipopolysaccharides (LPS). LPS is assembled within diverse Gram-negative bacteria,...
  • Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR5 is the receptor for flagellin, the protein that forms bacterial flagella. Unlike most other Pathogen-Associated Molecular Patterns (PAMPs), flagellin does not undergo any posttranslational modif...
  • Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemRNA can serve as a danger signal, both in its double-stranded form (that is associated with viral infection), as well as single-stranded RNA (ssRNA). Specifically, guanosine (G)- and uridine (U)-rich...
  • Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade, organism-specific biosystemCpG DNA is an unusual Pathogen-Associated Molecular Pattern (PAMP). Cytosine methylation exists in mammalian but not bacterial cells, and most (but not all) CpG in the mammalian genome is methylated....
  • Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR1 is expressed by monocytes. TLR1 and TLR2 cotranslationally form heterodimeric complexes on the cell surface and in the cytosol. The TLR2:TLR1 complex recognizes Neisserial PorB and Mycobacterial...
  • Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade, organism-specific biosystemTLR2 and TLR4 recognize different bacterial cell wall components. While TLR4 is trained onto Gram-negative lipopolysaccharide components, TLR2 - in combination with TLR6 - plays a major role in recog...
  • Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Toll-Like Receptors Cascades, organism-specific biosystemIn human, ten members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family (TLR1-TLR10) have been identified (TLR11 has been found in mouse, but not in human). All TLRs have a similar Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) doma...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC4289, DKFZp434J1313

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
polyubiquitin binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein kinase binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
CD40 signaling pathway ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
apoptotic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cellular response to lipopolysaccharide ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
inflammatory response IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
interleukin-1-mediated signaling pathway ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of endothelial cell apoptotic process IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of B cell activation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of macrophage activation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein stabilization ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
stress-activated MAPK cascade TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
toll-like receptor 2 signaling pathway ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
toll-like receptor 3 signaling pathway ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
toll-like receptor 9 signaling pathway ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
transcription, DNA-templated IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
Preferred Names
TNFAIP3-interacting protein 2
Names
A20-binding inhibitor of NF-kappaB activation-2
TNIP2
fetal liver LKB1-interacting protein

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001161527.1NP_001154999.1  TNFAIP3-interacting protein 2 isoform 2

    Status: VALIDATED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) differs in the 5' UTR, lacks a portion of the 5' coding region, and initiates translation at a downstream start codon, compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (2) has a shorter N-terminus compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK026176, AL110117, BC002740, DA421921
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS54714.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q8NFZ5
    Related
    ENSP00000427613, OTTHUMP00000219012, ENST00000510267, OTTHUMT00000362368
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam12180
    Location:107141
    EABR; TSG101 and ALIX binding domain of CEP55
  2. NM_001292016.1NP_001278945.1  TNFAIP3-interacting protein 2 isoform 3

    Status: VALIDATED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (3) lacks an alternate in-frame exon in the 3' coding region, compared to variant 1. It encodes isoform 3, which lacks an internal segment and is shorter than isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AF372839, BC002740, BX386180, CB157550
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS75093.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q8NFZ5
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    D6RGJ2
    Related
    ENSP00000426314, OTTHUMP00000219013, ENST00000503235, OTTHUMT00000362369
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    COG1196
    Location:20251
    Smc; Chromosome segregation ATPase [Cell cycle control, cell division, chromosome partitioning]
  3. NM_024309.3NP_077285.3  TNFAIP3-interacting protein 2 isoform 1

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_077285.3

    Status: VALIDATED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript and encodes the longer isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AF372839, AL110117, BC002740
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS3362.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    Q8NFZ5
    Related
    ENSP00000321203, OTTHUMP00000115298, ENST00000315423, OTTHUMT00000206589
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam12180
    Location:214248
    EABR; TSG101 and ALIX binding domain of CEP55

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 107 details...

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000004.12 Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly

    Range
    2741660..2756376 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018915.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Range
    2741351..2756073 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)