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MRPL36 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L36 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 64979, updated on 8-May-2016
Official Symbol
MRPL36provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
mitochondrial ribosomal protein L36provided by HGNC
Primary source
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000171421 HPRD:14756; MIM:611842; Vega:OTTHUMG00000090373
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
Homo sapiens
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
RPMJ; BRIP1; L36mt; PRPL36; MRP-L36
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. A pseudogene corresponding to this gene is found on chromosome 2p. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Exon count:
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
107 current GRCh38.p2 (GCF_000001405.28) 5 NC_000005.10 (1798385..1801423, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 5 NC_000005.9 (1798499..1799956, complement)

Chromosome 5 - NC_000005.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene programmed cell death 6 pseudogene Neighboring gene serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 4 regulatory subunit 2-like Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105374614 Neighboring gene microRNA 4277 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101929003 Neighboring gene NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit S6 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101929034 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101929056 Neighboring gene iroquois homeobox 4

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

  • Mitochondrial translation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitochondrial translation, organism-specific biosystemOf the roughly 1000 human mitochondrial proteins only 13 proteins, all of them hydrophobic inner membrane proteins that are components of the oxidative phosphorylation apparatus, are encoded in the m...
  • Mitochondrial translation elongation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitochondrial translation elongation, organism-specific biosystemTranslation elongation proceeds by cycles of aminoacyl-tRNAs binding, peptide bond formation, and displacement of deacylated tRNAs (reviewed in Christian and Spremulli 2012). In each cycle an aminoac...
  • Mitochondrial translation initiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitochondrial translation initiation, organism-specific biosystemTranslation initiates with the mitochondrial mRNA binding the 28S subunit:MTIF3 (28S subunit:IF-3Mt, 28S subunit:IF3mt) complex together with MTIF2:GTP (IF-2Mt:GTP, IF2mt:GTP) (reviewed in Christian ...
  • Mitochondrial translation termination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Mitochondrial translation termination, organism-specific biosystemTranslation is terminated when MTRF1L:GTP (MTRF1a:GTP) recognizes a UAA or UAG termination codon in the mRNA at the A site of the ribosome (Soleimanpour-Lichaei et al. 2007, reviewed in Richter et al...
  • Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystemThis module describes the biogenesis of organelles. Organelles are subcellular structures of distinctive morphology and function. The organelles of human cells include: mitochondria, endoplasmic reti...
  • Ribosome, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ribosome, organism-specific biosystem
  • Ribosome, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ribosome, conserved biosystem
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description



Clone Names

  • MGC104245

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
structural constituent of ribosome IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
Process Evidence Code Pubs
mitochondrial translational elongation TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
mitochondrial translational termination TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
ribosome biogenesis IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
translation NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
Component Evidence Code Pubs
mitochondrial inner membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
Preferred Names
39S ribosomal protein L36, mitochondrial
BRCA1-interacting protein 1
putative BRCA1-interacting protein

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_032479.3NP_115868.1  39S ribosomal protein L36, mitochondrial

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_115868.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    BC104652, BG185418, DW465815
    Consensus CDS
    ENSP00000423152, OTTHUMP00000115431, ENST00000505059, OTTHUMT00000206745
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    Ribosomal_L36; Ribosomal protein L36

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 107 details...

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly


  1. NC_000005.10 Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly

    1798385..1801423 complement
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_011514080.1XP_011512382.1  

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    Ribosomal_L36; Ribosomal protein L36
  2. XM_011514079.1XP_011512381.1  

    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    Ribosomal_L36; Ribosomal protein L36

Alternate CHM1_1.1


  1. NC_018916.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

    1798128..1799602 complement
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)