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SFTPB surfactant protein B [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 6439, updated on 9-Nov-2014
Official Symbol
SFTPBprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
surfactant protein Bprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:10801
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000168878; HPRD:01523; MIM:178640; Vega:OTTHUMG00000130181
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
SP-B; PSP-B; SFTB3; SFTP3; SMDP1
Summary
This gene encodes the pulmonary-associated surfactant protein B (SPB), an amphipathic surfactant protein essential for lung function and homeostasis after birth. Pulmonary surfactant is a surface-active lipoprotein complex composed of 90% lipids and 10% proteins which include plasma proteins and apolipoproteins SPA, SPB, SPC and SPD. The surfactant is secreted by the alveolar cells of the lung and maintains the stability of pulmonary tissue by reducing the surface tension of fluids that coat the lung. The SPB enhances the rate of spreading and increases the stability of surfactant monolayers in vitro. Multiple mutations in this gene have been identified, which cause pulmonary surfactant metabolism dysfunction type 1, also called pulmonary alveolar proteinosis due to surfactant protein B deficiency, and are associated with fatal respiratory distress in the neonatal period. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]
See SFTPB in Epigenomics, MapViewer
Location:
2p12-p11.2
Exon count:
14
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
106 current GRCh38 (GCF_000001405.26) 2 NC_000002.12 (85657317..85668741, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 2 NC_000002.11 (85884440..85895864, complement)

Chromosome 2 - NC_000002.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene transmembrane protein 150A Neighboring gene chromosome 2 open reading frame 68 Neighboring gene ubiquitin specific peptidase 39 Neighboring gene G protein-coupled receptor 160 pseudogene Neighboring gene granulysin

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Process Evidence Code Pubs
organ morphogenesis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
respiratory gaseous exchange IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
sphingolipid metabolic process IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
extracellular space IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
lysosome IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Preferred Names
pulmonary surfactant-associated protein B
Names
pulmonary surfactant-associated protein B
6 kDa protein
18 kDa pulmonary-surfactant protein
pulmonary surfactant-associated proteolipid SPL(Phe)

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_016967.1 

    Range
    5001..16425
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_000542.3NP_000533.3  pulmonary surfactant-associated protein B precursor

    See proteins identical to NP_000533.3

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) is the longer transcript. Both variants 1 and 2 encode the same protein.
    Source sequence(s)
    AB439563, AL548140, AW204600, BC032785, BG482852, CA437348
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS1983.2
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    D6W5L6
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P07988
    Related
    ENSP00000377409, ENST00000393822
    Conserved Domains (4) summary
    cl02494
    Location:4073
    SapA; Saposin A-type domain
    smart00741
    Location:79155
    SapB; Saposin (B) Domains
    pfam03489
    Location:344376
    SapB_2; Saposin-like type B, region 2
    pfam05184
    Location:78116
    SapB_1; Saposin-like type B, region 1
  2. NM_198843.2NP_942140.2  pulmonary surfactant-associated protein B precursor

    See proteins identical to NP_942140.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an internal segment in the 3' UTR, as compared to variant 1. Both variants 1 and 2 encode the same protein.
    Source sequence(s)
    AB439563, AL548140, AW204600, BC032785, CA437348
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS1983.2
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    D6W5L6
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P07988
    Conserved Domains (4) summary
    cl02494
    Location:4073
    SapA; Saposin A-type domain
    smart00741
    Location:79155
    SapB; Saposin (B) Domains
    pfam03489
    Location:344376
    SapB_2; Saposin-like type B, region 2
    pfam05184
    Location:78116
    SapB_1; Saposin-like type B, region 1

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Alternate HuRef

Genomic

  1. AC_000134.1 

    Range
    85781765..85793199
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000002.12 

    Range
    85657317..85668741
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_005264489.1XP_005264546.1  

    See proteins identical to XP_005264546.1

    Related
    ENSP00000415347, OTTHUMP00000203252, ENST00000428225, OTTHUMT00000329847
    Conserved Domains (4) summary
    cl02494
    Location:4073
    SapA; Saposin A-type domain
    smart00741
    Location:79155
    SapB; Saposin (B) Domains
    pfam03489
    Location:340372
    SapB_2; Saposin-like type B, region 2
    pfam05184
    Location:78116
    SapB_1; Saposin-like type B, region 1
  2. XM_005264488.1XP_005264545.1  

    See proteins identical to XP_005264545.1

    Conserved Domains (4) summary
    cl02494
    Location:4073
    SapA; Saposin A-type domain
    smart00741
    Location:79155
    SapB; Saposin (B) Domains
    pfam03489
    Location:340372
    SapB_2; Saposin-like type B, region 2
    pfam05184
    Location:78116
    SapB_1; Saposin-like type B, region 1
  3. XM_005264487.1XP_005264544.1  

    See proteins identical to XP_005264544.1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    D6W5L6
    Conserved Domains (4) summary
    cl02494
    Location:4073
    SapA; Saposin A-type domain
    smart00741
    Location:79155
    SapB; Saposin (B) Domains
    pfam03489
    Location:344376
    SapB_2; Saposin-like type B, region 2
    pfam05184
    Location:78116
    SapB_1; Saposin-like type B, region 1
  4. XM_006712076.1XP_006712139.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    smart00741
    Location:206275
    SapB; Saposin (B) Domains
    pfam03489
    Location:241273
    SapB_2; Saposin-like type B, region 2
  5. XM_005264490.2XP_005264547.1  

    Conserved Domains (4) summary
    cl02494
    Location:4073
    SapA; Saposin A-type domain
    smart00741
    Location:79155
    SapB; Saposin (B) Domains
    pfam03489
    Location:122153
    SapB_2; Saposin-like type B, region 2
    pfam05184
    Location:78116
    SapB_1; Saposin-like type B, region 1

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018913.2 

    Range
    85814217..85825673
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)