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ATF4 activating transcription factor 4 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 468, updated on 8-May-2016
Official Symbol
ATF4provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
activating transcription factor 4provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:786
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000128272 HPRD:06817; MIM:604064; Vega:OTTHUMG00000151099
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
CREB2; TXREB; CREB-2; TAXREB67
Summary
This gene encodes a transcription factor that was originally identified as a widely expressed mammalian DNA binding protein that could bind a tax-responsive enhancer element in the LTR of HTLV-1. The encoded protein was also isolated and characterized as the cAMP-response element binding protein 2 (CREB-2). The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a family of DNA-binding proteins that includes the AP-1 family of transcription factors, cAMP-response element binding proteins (CREBs) and CREB-like proteins. These transcription factors share a leucine zipper region that is involved in protein-protein interactions, located C-terminal to a stretch of basic amino acids that functions as a DNA binding domain. Two alternative transcripts encoding the same protein have been described. Two pseudogenes are located on the X chromosome at q28 in a region containing a large inverted duplication. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]
Orthologs
Location:
22q13.1
Exon count:
3
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
107 current GRCh38.p2 (GCF_000001405.28) 22 NC_000022.11 (39520559..39522686)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 22 NC_000022.10 (39916569..39918691)

Chromosome 22 - NC_000022.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene mannosyl (beta-1,4-)-glycoprotein beta-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase Neighboring gene MGAT3 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105373035 Neighboring gene mitochondrial elongation factor 1 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein S19 binding protein 1 Neighboring gene calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1 I

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Tat tat HIV-1 infection-mediated upregulation of ATF4 enhances HIV replication by synergistic interaction with HIV Tat PubMed
tat ATF4 enhances HIV-1 LTR activation and induces HIV-1 reactivation in latently infected cells PubMed
Vpu vpu HIV-1 Vpu is a strong competitive inhibitor of beta-TrCP and impairs the degradation of SCF-beta-TrCP substrates such as IKBalpha, ATF4 and beta-catenin PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

  • ATF4 activates genes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    ATF4 activates genes, organism-specific biosystemATF4 is a transcription factor and activates expression of IL-8, MCP1, IGFBP-1, CHOP, HERP1 and ATF3.
  • ATF6-alpha activates chaperone genes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    ATF6-alpha activates chaperone genes, organism-specific biosystemThe N-terminal fragment of ATF6-alpha contains a bZIP domain and binds the sequence CCACG in ER Stress Response Elements (ERSEs). ATF6-alpha binds ERSEs together with the heterotrimeric transcription...
  • ATF6-alpha activates chaperones, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    ATF6-alpha activates chaperones, organism-specific biosystemATF6-alpha is a transmembrane protein that normally resides in the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) membrane. Here its luminal C-terminal domain is associated with BiP, shielding 2 Golgi-targeting regions ...
  • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
  • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
  • Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Alcoholism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, conserved biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, organism-specific biosystemAldosterone is a steroid hormone synthesized in and secreted from the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa. Aldosterone plays an important role in the regulation of systemic blood ...
  • Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, conserved biosystemAldosterone is a steroid hormone synthesized in and secreted from the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa. Aldosterone plays an important role in the regulation of systemic blood ...
  • Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
  • Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
  • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a genetically programmed process for the elimination of damaged or redundant cells by activation of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases). The onset of apoptosis is controlled...
  • Apoptosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Apoptosis, conserved biosystemApoptosis is a genetically programmed process for the elimination of damaged or redundant cells by activation of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases). The onset of apoptosis is controlled...
  • Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemAcetylcholine (ACh) is a neurotransmitter widely distributed in the central (and also peripheral, autonomic and enteric) nervous system (CNS). In the CNS, ACh facilitates many functions, such as lear...
  • Cocaine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cocaine addiction, organism-specific biosystemDrug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences.There is strong evidence that the dopaminergic...
  • Cocaine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cocaine addiction, conserved biosystemDrug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences.There is strong evidence that the dopaminergic...
  • Dopaminergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Dopaminergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemDopamine (DA) is an important and prototypical slow neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain, where it controls a variety of functions including locomotor activity, motivation and reward, learning an...
  • Dopaminergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Dopaminergic synapse, conserved biosystemDopamine (DA) is an important and prototypical slow neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain, where it controls a variety of functions including locomotor activity, motivation and reward, learning an...
  • Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
  • Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
  • Glucagon signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Glucagon signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemGlucagon is conventionally regarded as a counterregulatory hormone for insulin and plays a critical anti-hypoglycemic role by maintaining glucose homeostasis in both animals and humans. To increase ...
  • Glucagon signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Glucagon signaling pathway, conserved biosystemGlucagon is conventionally regarded as a counterregulatory hormone for insulin and plays a critical anti-hypoglycemic role by maintaining glucose homeostasis in both animals and humans. To increase ...
  • GnRH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    GnRH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemGonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus acts upon its receptor in the anterior pituitary to regulate the production and release of the gonadotropins, LH and FSH. The GnR...
  • GnRH signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    GnRH signaling pathway, conserved biosystemGonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus acts upon its receptor in the anterior pituitary to regulate the production and release of the gonadotropins, LH and FSH. The GnR...
  • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
  • Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystemHepatitis B virus (HBV) is an enveloped virus and contains a partially double-stranded relaxed circular DNA (RC-DNA) genome. After entry into hepatocytes, HBV RC-DNA is transported to the nucleus and...
  • Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemPancreatic beta cells are specialised endocrine cells that continuously sense the levels of blood sugar and other fuels and, in response, secrete insulin to maintain normal fuel homeostasis. Glucose-...
  • Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
  • Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
  • Longevity regulating pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Longevity regulating pathway, organism-specific biosystemRegulation of longevity depends on genetic and environmental factors. Caloric restriction (CR), that is limiting food intake, is recognized in mammals as the best characterized and most reproducible ...
  • MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
  • MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
  • MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
  • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
  • Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates signaling networks implicated in uterine muscle contraction at labor and quiescence throughout gestation (pregnancy). The muscle of the uterus, responsible for contractile ac...
  • Neurotrophin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neurotrophin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins are a family of trophic factors involved in differentiation and survival of neural cells. The neurotrophin family consists of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic facto...
  • Neurotrophin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neurotrophin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemNeurotrophins are a family of trophic factors involved in differentiation and survival of neural cells. The neurotrophin family consists of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic facto...
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
  • PERK regulates gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PERK regulates gene expression, organism-specific biosystemPERK (EIF2AK3) is a single-pass transmembrane protein located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane such that the N-terminus of PERK is luminal and the C-terminus is cytosolic. PERK is maintaine...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
  • Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
  • Prostate cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Prostate cancer, conserved biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
  • Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, organism-specific biosystemThe endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a subcellular organelle where proteins are folded with the help of lumenal chaperones. Newly synthesized peptides enter the ER via the sec61 pore and are glycosylate...
  • Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, conserved biosystemThe endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a subcellular organelle where proteins are folded with the help of lumenal chaperones. Newly synthesized peptides enter the ER via the sec61 pore and are glycosylate...
  • TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
  • TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
  • Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
  • Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
  • Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), organism-specific biosystemThe Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) is a regulatory system that protects the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) from overload. The UPR is provoked by the accumulation of improperly folded protein in the ER d...
  • Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
  • Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
DNA binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
RNA polymerase II regulatory region sequence-specific DNA binding IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
RNA polymerase II transcription factor binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
core promoter sequence-specific DNA binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
leucine zipper domain binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
protein C-terminus binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein heterodimerization activity NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
sequence-specific DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II transcription factor binding IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
transcription regulatory region DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
contributes_to transcription regulatory region DNA binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
transcription regulatory region DNA binding TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
transcriptional activator activity, RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
PERK-mediated unfolded protein response TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cellular amino acid metabolic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cellular response to UV ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cellular response to amino acid starvation ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cellular response to glucose starvation IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
circadian regulation of gene expression ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
gamma-aminobutyric acid signaling pathway IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
gluconeogenesis ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
mRNA transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
negative regulation of oxidative stress-induced neuron death IGI
Inferred from Genetic Interaction
more info
PubMed 
negative regulation of potassium ion transport IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
negative regulation of translational initiation in response to stress ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of apoptotic process TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of gene expression IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of neuron apoptotic process ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase I promoter IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to arsenic-containing substance TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to oxidative stress IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to oxidative stress ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to stress IC
Inferred by Curator
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
positive regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor production IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
regulation of transcription, DNA-templated ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
response to endoplasmic reticulum stress IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
response to endoplasmic reticulum stress IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
response to manganese-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
ATF1-ATF4 transcription factor complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
ATF4-CREB1 transcription factor complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
CHOP-ATF4 complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
CHOP-ATF4 complex IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
CHOP-ATF4 complex NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Lewy body core IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytoplasm ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
dendrite membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
microtubule organizing center IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
neuron projection IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nuclear periphery IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
nucleus IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
nucleus ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
Preferred Names
cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4
Names
DNA-binding protein TAXREB67
cAMP response element-binding protein 2
cAMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4
cAMP-responsive element-binding protein 2
cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 2
tax-responsive enhancer element B67
tax-responsive enhancer element-binding protein 67

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001675.4NP_001666.2  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001666.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript. The protein translation of this variant is regulated by an internal ribosome entry site (PMID: 23665047). Both variants 1 and 2 encode the same protein.
    Source sequence(s)
    AL022312, BC011994, D90209
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS13996.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P18848
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q96AQ3
    Related
    ENSP00000336790, OTTHUMP00000199131, ENST00000337304, OTTHUMT00000321305
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd14692
    Location:279341
    bZIP_ATF4; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Activating Transcription Factor-4 (ATF-4) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain
  2. NM_182810.2NP_877962.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_877962.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an internal segment in the 5' UTR, compared to variant 1. The protein translation of this variant is regulated by two upstream open reading frames (PMID: 15277680). Both variants 1 and 2 encode the same protein.
    Source sequence(s)
    AK057751, BC024775
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS13996.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P18848
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q96AQ3
    Related
    ENSP00000379912, ENST00000396680
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd14692
    Location:279341
    bZIP_ATF4; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Activating Transcription Factor-4 (ATF-4) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 107 details...

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000022.11 Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly

    Range
    39520559..39522686
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018933.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Range
    39875303..39877431
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)