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MRC1 mannose receptor, C type 1 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 4360, updated on 24-Sep-2014
Official Symbol
MRC1provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
mannose receptor, C type 1provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:7228
Locus tag
RP11-457D2.1
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000260314; HPRD:01089; MIM:153618; Vega:OTTHUMG00000174646
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
VALIDATED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
MMR; CD206; MRC1L1; CLEC13D; CLEC13DL; bA541I19.1
Summary
The recognition of complex carbohydrate structures on glycoproteins is an important part of several biological processes, including cell-cell recognition, serum glycoprotein turnover, and neutralization of pathogens. The protein encoded by this gene is a type I membrane receptor that mediates the endocytosis of glycoproteins by macrophages. The protein has been shown to bind high-mannose structures on the surface of potentially pathogenic viruses, bacteria, and fungi so that they can be neutralized by phagocytic engulfment.[provided by RefSeq, Apr 2011]
Annotation information
Note: In the NCBI Build 37.2 reference assembly, MRC1 and MRC1L1 are duplicate genes in close proximity to each other on chromosome 10. In July 2010, the Genome Reference Consortium determined that the region contains a duplication error. Two of the clones on which MRC1L1 was based (AL928580, BX255924) will be removed from the reference assembly and only MRC1 will be present in the assembly. [13 Feb 2013]
See MRC1 in Epigenomics, MapViewer
Location:
10p12.33
Exon count:
30
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
106 current GRCh38 (GCF_000001405.26) 10 NC_000010.11 (17809343..17911162)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 10 NC_000010.10 (18098332..18200091)

Chromosome 10 - NC_000010.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene signal transducing adaptor molecule (SH3 domain and ITAM motif) 1 Neighboring gene transmembrane protein 236 Neighboring gene microRNA 511 Neighboring gene solute carrier family 39 (zinc transporter), member 12 Neighboring gene SLC39A12 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene calcium channel, voltage-dependent, beta 2 subunit

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
Genetic variants in LPL, OASL and TOMM40/APOE-C1-C2-C4 genes are associated with multiple cardiovascular-related traits.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association study of hematological and biochemical traits in a Japanese population.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

Replication interactions

Interaction Pubs
Knockdown of mannose receptor, C type 1 (MRC1) by shRNA library screening inhibits HIV-1 replication in cultured Jurkat T-cells PubMed

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env HIV-1 gp120 binds to mannose receptor on vaginal epithelial cells PubMed
env Mannose receptor (MR) dimers bind to soluble monomeric and trimeric HIV envelope and to HIV virion in capture assay PubMed
env Recombinant HIV-1 gp120 blocks Mannose Receptor-mediated phagocytosis in human and murine macrophages and microglial cells PubMed
env HIV-1 gp120 binds to B cells through mannose C-type lectin receptors (MCLRs), such as DC-SIGN, mannose receptor, and langerin PubMed
env HIV-1 gp120 interaction with human mannose receptor (hMR) results in increased production of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in astrocytes PubMed
Nef nef HIV-1 Nef downregulates mannose receptor (MR) on the surface of macrophages and dendritic cells (DC); both NTLY and SDXXXL motifs in the cytoplasmic tail of MR are critical for the cell surface reduction of MR PubMed
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat interaction with cyclin T1 is required for the repression of mannose receptor (MR) and bone morphogenetic protein receptor-2 (BMPR2) promoters PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat represses transcription from the rat mannose receptor promoter, thereby downregulating expression of mannose receptor PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

  • Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Adaptive Immune System, organism-specific biosystemAdaptive immunity refers to antigen-specific immune response efficiently involved in clearing the pathogens. The adaptive immune system is comprised of B and T lymphocytes that express receptors with...
  • Antigen processing-Cross presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Antigen processing-Cross presentation, organism-specific biosystemMHC class I molecules generally present peptide antigens derived from proteins synthesized by the cell itself to CD8+ T cells. However, in some circumstances, antigens from extracellular environment ...
  • Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Class I MHC mediated antigen processing & presentation, organism-specific biosystemMajor histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules play an important role in cell mediated immunity by reporting on intracellular events such as viral infection, the presence of intracellular b...
  • Cross-presentation of soluble exogenous antigens (endosomes), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Cross-presentation of soluble exogenous antigens (endosomes), organism-specific biosystemExogenous soluble antigens are cross-presented by dendritic cells, albeit with lower efficiency than for particulate substrates. Soluble antigens destined for cross-presentation are taken up by disti...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Phagosome, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phagosome, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis is the process of taking in relatively large particles by a cell, and is a central mechanism in the tissue remodeling, inflammation, and defense against infectious agents. A phagosome is...
  • Phagosome, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phagosome, conserved biosystemPhagocytosis is the process of taking in relatively large particles by a cell, and is a central mechanism in the tissue remodeling, inflammation, and defense against infectious agents. A phagosome is...
  • Tuberculosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tuberculosis, organism-specific biosystemTuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. One third of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. About 90% of those infected result in latent...
  • Tuberculosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Tuberculosis, conserved biosystemTuberculosis, or TB, is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. One third of the world's population is thought to be infected with TB. About 90% of those infected result in latent...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC181940

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
mannose binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
receptor activity IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
transmembrane signaling receptor activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
receptor-mediated endocytosis IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
signal transduction IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
cell surface IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
endosome membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
integral component of plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
 
Preferred Names
macrophage mannose receptor 1
Names
macrophage mannose receptor 1
mannose receptor, C type 1-like 1
C-type lectin domain family 13 member D
macrophage mannose receptor 1-like protein 1

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_002438.3NP_002429.1  macrophage mannose receptor 1 precursor

    See proteins identical to NP_002429.1

    Status: VALIDATED

    Source sequence(s)
    AL139238, AV659122, DC296466, J05550
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS7123.2
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P22897
    Related
    ENSP00000455897, OTTHUMP00000253958, ENST00000569591, OTTHUMT00000427139
    Conserved Domains (5) summary
    cd00037
    Location:659779
    CLECT; C-type lectin (CTL)/C-type lectin-like (CTLD) domain
    smart00034
    Location:12301356
    CLECT; C-type lectin (CTL) or carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD)
    smart00458
    Location:27142
    RICIN; Ricin-type beta-trefoil
    cd00062
    Location:162209
    FN2; Fibronectin Type II domain: FN2 is one of three types of internal repeats which combine to form larger domains within fibronectin. Fibronectin, a plasma protein that binds cell surfaces and various compounds including collagen, fibrin, heparin, DNA, and ...
    cd00161
    Location:34141
    RICIN; Ricin-type beta-trefoil; Carbohydrate-binding domain formed from presumed gene triplication. The domain is found in a variety of molecules serving diverse functions such as enzymatic activity, inhibitory toxicity and signal transduction. Highly specific ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000010.11 

    Range
    17809343..17911162
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate HuRef

Genomic

  1. AC_000142.1 

    Range
    17764080..17866209
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018921.2 

    Range
    17851292..17953118
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
  2. NC_018921.2 

    Range
    18110637..18199387
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_006726512.1XP_006726575.1  

    Conserved Domains (5) summary
    cd00037
    Location:222372
    CLECT; C-type lectin (CTL)/C-type lectin-like (CTLD) domain
    smart00034
    Location:560686
    CLECT; C-type lectin (CTL) or carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD)
    smart00458
    Location:15130
    RICIN; Ricin-type beta-trefoil
    cd00062
    Location:150197
    FN2; Fibronectin Type II domain: FN2 is one of three types of internal repeats which combine to form larger domains within fibronectin. Fibronectin, a plasma protein that binds cell surfaces and various compounds including collagen, fibrin, heparin, DNA, and ...
    cd00161
    Location:22129
    RICIN; Ricin-type beta-trefoil; Carbohydrate-binding domain formed from presumed gene triplication. The domain is found in a variety of molecules serving diverse functions such as enzymatic activity, inhibitory toxicity and signal transduction. Highly specific ...

Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

  1. NM_001009567.1: Suppressed sequence

    Description
    NM_001009567.1: This RefSeq was permanently suppressed because currently there is insufficient support for the transcript and the protein.