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GRIN2D glutamate receptor, ionotropic, N-methyl D-aspartate 2D [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 2906, updated on 12-Apr-2014
Official Symbol
GRIN2Dprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
glutamate receptor, ionotropic, N-methyl D-aspartate 2Dprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:4588
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000105464; HPRD:04095; MIM:602717; Vega:OTTHUMG00000183304
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
EB11; NR2D; GluN2D; NMDAR2D
Summary
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are a class of ionotropic glutamate receptors. NMDA channel has been shown to be involved in long-term potentiation, an activity-dependent increase in the efficiency of synaptic transmission thought to underlie certain kinds of memory and learning. NMDA receptor channels are heteromers composed of the key receptor subunit NMDAR1 (GRIN1) and 1 or more of the 4 NMDAR2 subunits: NMDAR2A (GRIN2A), NMDAR2B (GRIN2B), NMDAR2C (GRIN2C), and NMDAR2D (GRIN2D). [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]
Location :
19q13.33
Sequence :
Chromosome: 19; NC_000019.10 (48394875..48444931)
See GRIN2D in Epigenomics, MapViewer

Chromosome 19 - NC_000019.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene synaptogyrin 4 Neighboring gene KDEL (Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu) endoplasmic reticulum protein retention receptor 1 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC102724003 Neighboring gene glutamate-rich WD repeat containing 1 Neighboring gene potassium inwardly-rectifying channel, subfamily J, member 14

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env HIV-1 gp120-induced synapse loss requires sequential activation of CXCR4, IL-1beta receptor, and NMDA receptor PubMed
env HIV-1 gp120 activates forward trafficking and surface clustering of NMDA receptors in membrane microdomains by a PKA-dependent phosphorylation of the NR1 C-terminal Ser897, followed by a PKC-dependent phosphorylation of Ser896 PubMed
env HIV-1 gp120 activates NMDA receptor directly and phosphorylates JNK through a gp120-mediated apoptotic pathway in human neuroblastoma cells PubMed
env HIV-1 gp120-mediated human cell death involves the NMDA receptor complex; antagonists of the NMDA receptor reverse the gp120-mediated effects PubMed
env HIV-1 gp120 binds to cells expressing epsilon1/zeta1 or epsilon2/zeta1 combined NMDA receptor subunits, but not to cells expressing a single epsilon1, epsilon2, or zeta1 NMDA receptor subunit PubMed
env HIV-1 clade B gp120 significantly downregulates NMDA receptor gene and protein expression and levels of glutamine compared to clade C gp120 PubMed
env HIV-1 gp120 causes an activation of phospholipase A2, resulting in the increased release of arachidonic acid, which may sensitize the NMDA receptor PubMed
Tat, p14 tat HIV-1 Tat interacts with NMDA receptors in primary neuronal-glial cultures and in hippocampal slice cultures PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat and methamphetamine inhibit the normal conjunction of signaling between D1 and NMDA receptors, resulting in neural dysfunction and death PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat-induced NMDA receptor activation is clade dependent. The Cys 30-Cys 31 motif in Tat is critical for the NMDA receptor activation PubMed
tat Ca(2+) influx through the NMDA receptor is necessary for HIV-1 Tat-induced synapse loss PubMed
tat Tat treatment causes activation of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) through association with NMDA receptors PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat treatment induces the formation of complexes involving the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP), postsynaptic density protein-95 (PSD-95), and N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors at the neuron surface PubMed
tat HIV-1 Tat induces apoptosis of neurons and neurotoxicity through the activation of both NMDA and non-NMDA receptors PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Protein Interaction Database

  • Activation of NMDA receptor upon glutamate binding and postsynaptic events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Activation of NMDA receptor upon glutamate binding and postsynaptic events, organism-specific biosystemNMDA receptors are a subtype of ionotropic glutamate receptors that are specifically activated by a glutamate agonist N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA). Activation of NMDA receptor involves opening of the ...
  • Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Alcoholism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alcoholism, conserved biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
  • Alzheimer's disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alzheimer's disease, organism-specific biosystemAlzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic disorder that slowly destroys neurons and causes serious cognitive disability. AD is associated with senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Amyloid-b...
  • Alzheimer's disease, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Alzheimer's disease, conserved biosystemAlzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic disorder that slowly destroys neurons and causes serious cognitive disability. AD is associated with senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Amyloid-b...
  • Alzheimers Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Alzheimers Disease, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway displays current genes, proteolytic events and other processes associated with the progression of Alzheimer's disease. This pathway was adapted from KEGG on 10/7/2011. Note: mitochondria...
  • Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
  • Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), conserved biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
  • CREB phosphorylation through the activation of CaMKII, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    CREB phosphorylation through the activation of CaMKII, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ signal generated through NMDA receptor in the post-synaptic neuron activates adenylate cyclase signal transduction, leading to the activation of PKA and phosphorylation and activation of CREB-in...
  • CREB phosphorylation through the activation of Ras, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    CREB phosphorylation through the activation of Ras, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ influx through the NMDA receptor initiates subsequent molecular pathways that have a defined role in establishing long-lasting synaptic changes. The molecular signaling initiated by a rise in Ca...
  • Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ that enters the cell from the outside is a principal source of signal Ca2+. Entry of Ca2+ is driven by the presence of a large electrochemical gradient across the plasma membrane. Cells use this...
  • Calcium signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Calcium signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCa2+ that enters the cell from the outside is a principal source of signal Ca2+. Entry of Ca2+ is driven by the presence of a large electrochemical gradient across the plasma membrane. Cells use this...
  • Circadian entrainment, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Circadian entrainment, organism-specific biosystemCircadian entrainment is a fundamental property by which the period of the internal biological clock is entrained by recurring exogenous signals, such that the organism's endocrine and behavioral rhy...
  • Circadian entrainment, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Circadian entrainment, conserved biosystemCircadian entrainment is a fundamental property by which the period of the internal biological clock is entrained by recurring exogenous signals, such that the organism's endocrine and behavioral rhy...
  • Cocaine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cocaine addiction, organism-specific biosystemDrug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences.There is strong evidence that the dopaminergic...
  • Cocaine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cocaine addiction, conserved biosystemDrug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences.There is strong evidence that the dopaminergic...
  • Glutamatergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Glutamatergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemGlutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system(CNS). Glutamate is packaged into synaptic vesicles in the presynaptic terminal. Once released into the synap...
  • Glutamatergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Glutamatergic synapse, conserved biosystemGlutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system(CNS). Glutamate is packaged into synaptic vesicles in the presynaptic terminal. Once released into the synap...
  • Hypothetical Network for Drug Addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Hypothetical Network for Drug Addiction, organism-specific biosystemAdapted from figure 2 in [http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pcbi.0040002 Li et al.].
  • Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
  • Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
  • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
  • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem
    Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
  • Neuronal System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Neuronal System, organism-specific biosystemThe human brain contains at least 100 billion neurons, each with the ability to influence many other cells. Clearly, highly sophisticated and efficient mechanisms are needed to enable communication a...
  • Neurotransmitter Receptor Binding And Downstream Transmission In The Postsynaptic Cell, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Neurotransmitter Receptor Binding And Downstream Transmission In The Postsynaptic Cell, organism-specific biosystemThe neurotransmitter in the synaptic cleft released by the pre-synaptic neuron binds specific receptors located on the post-synaptic terminal. These receptors are either ion channels or G protein cou...
  • Nicotine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Nicotine addiction, organism-specific biosystemNicotine is one of the main psychoactive ingredients in tobacco that contributes to the harmful tobacco smoking habit. A common feature of addictive drugs, including nicotine, is that they increase d...
  • Nicotine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Nicotine addiction, conserved biosystemNicotine is one of the main psychoactive ingredients in tobacco that contributes to the harmful tobacco smoking habit. A common feature of addictive drugs, including nicotine, is that they increase d...
  • Post NMDA receptor activation events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Post NMDA receptor activation events, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ influx through the NMDA receptor initiates subsequent molecular pathways that have a defined role in establishing long-lasting synaptic changes. The molecular signaling initiated by a rise in Ca...
  • Ras activation uopn Ca2+ infux through NMDA receptor, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Ras activation uopn Ca2+ infux through NMDA receptor, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ influx through the NMDA receptor leads to the activation of Ras kinase via the activation of RasGRF.
  • Transmission across Chemical Synapses, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transmission across Chemical Synapses, organism-specific biosystemChemical synapses are specialized junctions that are used for communication between neurons, neurons and muscle or gland cells. The synapse involves a pre-synaptic neuron and a post-synaptic neuron,...
  • Unblocking of NMDA receptor, glutamate binding and activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Unblocking of NMDA receptor, glutamate binding and activation, organism-specific biosystemAt resting membrane potential the NMDA receptor is blocked by extracellular Mg2+ ions and therefore is not activated in this state by ligands (glutamate, glycine, NMDA). The voltage block is removed ...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
N-methyl-D-aspartate selective glutamate receptor activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
extracellular-glutamate-gated ion channel activity IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
adult locomotory behavior IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
ion transmembrane transport IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
ionotropic glutamate receptor signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
regulation of sensory perception of pain IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
signal transduction NAS
Non-traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
startle response IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
synaptic transmission TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
synaptic transmission, glutamatergic IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
N-methyl-D-aspartate selective glutamate receptor complex IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
cell junction IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
dendrite IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
postsynaptic membrane IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
Preferred Names
glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2D
Names
glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2D
estrogen receptor binding CpG island
N-methyl D-aspartate receptor subtype 2D
N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subunit 2D
glutamate [NMDA] receptor subunit epsilon-4

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_000836.2NP_000827.2  glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2D precursor

    See proteins identical to NP_000827.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Source sequence(s)
    AB209292, AW139866, U77783
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS12719.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O15399
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q59G17
    Related
    ENSP00000263269, OTTHUMP00000271410, ENST00000263269, OTTHUMT00000466121
    Conserved Domains (4) summary
    cd06378
    Location:49418
    Blast Score: 1278
    PBP1_iGluR_NMDA_NR2; N-terminal leucine/isoleucine/valine-binding protein (LIVBP)-like domain of the NR2 subunit of NMDA receptor family
    COG0834
    Location:466569
    Blast Score: 130
    HisJ; ABC-type amino acid transport/signal transduction systems, periplasmic component/domain [Amino acid transport and metabolism / Signal transduction mechanisms]
    cd00134
    Location:486824
    Blast Score: 147
    PBPb; Bacterial periplasmic transport systems use membrane-bound complexes and substrate-bound, membrane-associated, periplasmic binding proteins (PBPs) to transport a wide variety of substrates, such as, amino acids, peptides, sugars, vitamins and inorganic ...
    pfam00060
    Location:584856
    Blast Score: 660
    Lig_chan; Ligand-gated ion channel

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000019.10 Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

    Range
    48394875..48444931
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate HuRef

Genomic

  1. AC_000151.1 Alternate HuRef

    Range
    45278762..45328386
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018930.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Range
    48900198..48950044
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

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