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ADCY3 adenylate cyclase 3 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 109, updated on 26-May-2016
Official Symbol
ADCY3provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
adenylate cyclase 3provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:234
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000138031 HPRD:02620; MIM:600291; Vega:OTTHUMG00000094765
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
AC3; AC-III
Summary
This gene encodes adenylyl cyclase 3 which is a membrane-associated enzyme and catalyzes the formation of the secondary messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). This protein appears to be widely expressed in various human tissues and may be involved in a number of physiological and pathophysiological metabolic processes. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2016]
Orthologs
Location:
2p23.3
Exon count:
26
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
107 current GRCh38.p2 (GCF_000001405.28) 2 NC_000002.12 (24819169..24919733, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 2 NC_000002.11 (25042038..25142602, complement)

Chromosome 2 - NC_000002.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene nuclear receptor coactivator 1 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105374330 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105369164 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105377626 Neighboring gene peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase domain containing 1 Neighboring gene centromere protein O Neighboring gene DNAJC27 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene DnaJ heat shock protein family (Hsp40) member C27 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein S13 pseudogene 5

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

NHGRI GWAS Catalog

Description
A genome-wide meta-analysis of six type 1 diabetes cohorts identifies multiple associated loci.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
A meta-analysis identifies new loci associated with body mass index in individuals of African ancestry.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Association analyses of 249,796 individuals reveal 18 new loci associated with body mass index.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association and longitudinal analyses reveal genetic loci linking pubertal height growth, pubertal timing and childhood adiposity.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association study of body mass index in 23 000 individuals with and without asthma.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide association study of height-adjusted BMI in childhood identifies functional variant in ADCY3.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies 11 new loci for anthropometric traits and provides insights into genetic architecture.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Many sequence variants affecting diversity of adult human height.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Meta-analysis identifies common variants associated with body mass index in east Asians.
NHGRI GWA Catalog
Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in East Asian-ancestry populations identifies four new loci for body mass index.
NHGRI GWA Catalog

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env The addition of HIV-1 gp120 with TNF-alpha to human B-cells stimulates cAMP production in a dose-dependent manner PubMed
Envelope transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 env Secretion of IL-10 is upregulated by HIV-1 gp41 in monocytes through activation of cAMP/adenylate cyclase and p70 (S6)-kinase; up-regulation of IL-10 is paralleled by an enhanced expression of the chemokine receptor CCR5 PubMed
Nef nef HIV-1 induces the upregulation of complement factor C3 in astrocytes and neurons through signaling pathways that involve protein kinase C and adenylate cyclase activation, which is an effect that may contribute to the pathogenesis of AIDS in the brain PubMed
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat inhibits adenylyl cyclase activity in microglia and astrocyte cultures from neonatal rat brain, suggesting that Tat inhibition of cAMP synthesis may contribute to neuronal degeneration and cell death associated with HIV infection PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

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  • Adenylate cyclase activating pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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  • Adenylate cyclase inhibitory pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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  • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Bile secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bile secretion, organism-specific biosystemBile is a vital secretion, essential for digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins in the small intestine. Moreover, bile is an important route of elimination for excess cholesterol a...
  • Bile secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bile secretion, conserved biosystemBile is a vital secretion, essential for digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins in the small intestine. Moreover, bile is an important route of elimination for excess cholesterol a...
  • CREB phosphorylation through the activation of Adenylate Cyclase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    CREB phosphorylation through the activation of Adenylate Cyclase, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ signal generated through NMDA receptor in the post-synaptic neuron activates adenylate cyclase signal transduction, leading to the activation of PKA and phosphorylation and activation of CREB-in...
  • Ca-dependent events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Ca-dependent events, organism-specific biosystemCalcium, as the ion Ca2+, is essential in many biological processes. The majority of Ca2+ in many organisms is bound to phosphates which form skeletal structures and also buffer Ca2+ levels in extrac...
  • CaM pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    CaM pathway, organism-specific biosystemCalmodulin (CaM) is a small acidic protein that contains four EF-hand motifs, each of which can bind a calcium ion, therefore it can bind up to four calcium ions. The protein has two approximately sy...
  • Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystemCalcium is a common signaling mechanism, as once it enters the cytoplasm it exerts allosteric regulatory affects on many enzymes and proteins. Calcium can act in signal transduction after influx resu...
  • Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ that enters the cell from the outside is a principal source of signal Ca2+. Entry of Ca2+ is driven by the presence of a large electrochemical gradient across the plasma membrane. Cells use this...
  • Calcium signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Calmodulin induced events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Calmodulin induced events, organism-specific biosystemOne important physiological role for Calmodulin is the regulation of adenylylcyclases. Four of the nine known adenylylcyclases are calcium sensitive, in particular type 8 (AC8).
  • Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Chemokine signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemInflammatory immune response requires the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation upon foreign insult. Chemokines are small chemoattractant peptides that provide directional cues for th...
  • Chemokine signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Circadian entrainment, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Circadian entrainment, organism-specific biosystemCircadian entrainment is a fundamental property by which the period of the internal biological clock is entrained by recurring exogenous signals, such that the organism's endocrine and behavioral rhy...
  • Circadian entrainment, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Circadian entrainment, conserved biosystemCircadian entrainment is a fundamental property by which the period of the internal biological clock is entrained by recurring exogenous signals, such that the organism's endocrine and behavioral rhy...
  • DAG and IP3 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DAG and IP3 signaling, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway describes the generation of DAG and IP3 by the PLCgamma-mediated hydrolysis of PIP2 and the subsequent downstream signaling events.
  • DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystemDNAX activation protein of 12kDa (DAP12) is an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-bearing adapter molecule that transduces activating signals in natural killer (NK) and myeloid cel...
  • DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystemIn response to receptor ligation, the tyrosine residues in DAP12's immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) are phosphorylated by Src family kinases. These phosphotyrosines form the dock...
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Dilated cardiomyopathy, organism-specific biosystemDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart muscle disease characterised by dilation and impaired contraction of the left or both ventricles that results in progressive heart failure and sudden cardiac d...
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Dilated cardiomyopathy, conserved biosystemDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart muscle disease characterised by dilation and impaired contraction of the left or both ventricles that results in progressive heart failure and sudden cardiac d...
  • Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemThe role of autophosphorylation sites on PDGF receptors are to provide docking sites for downstream signal transduction molecules which contain SH2 domains. The SH2 domain is a conserved motif of aro...
  • Downstream signaling of activated FGFR1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signaling of activated FGFR1, organism-specific biosystemSignaling via FGFRs is mediated via direct recruitment of signaling proteins that bind to tyrosine auto-phosphorylation sites on the activated receptor and via closely linked docking proteins that be...
  • Downstream signaling of activated FGFR2, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signaling of activated FGFR2, organism-specific biosystemSignaling via FGFRs is mediated via direct recruitment of signaling proteins that bind to tyrosine auto-phosphorylation sites on the activated receptor and via closely linked docking proteins that be...
  • Downstream signaling of activated FGFR3, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signaling of activated FGFR3, organism-specific biosystemSignaling via FGFRs is mediated via direct recruitment of signaling proteins that bind to tyrosine auto-phosphorylation sites on the activated receptor and via closely linked docking proteins that be...
  • Downstream signaling of activated FGFR4, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Downstream signaling of activated FGFR4, organism-specific biosystemSignaling via FGFRs is mediated via direct recruitment of signaling proteins that bind to tyrosine auto-phosphorylation sites on the activated receptor and via closely linked docking proteins that be...
  • EGFR interacts with phospholipase C-gamma, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    EGFR interacts with phospholipase C-gamma, organism-specific biosystemActivated epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) can stimulate phosphatidylinositol (PI) turnover. Activated EGFR can activate phospholipase C-gamma1 (PLC-gamma1, i.e. PLCG1) which hydrolyses phosp...
  • Endothelins, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    Endothelins, organism-specific biosystem
    Endothelins
  • Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
  • Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
  • G Protein Signaling Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    G Protein Signaling Pathways, organism-specific biosystemG proteins, short for guanine nucleotide-binding proteins, are a family of proteins involved in second messenger cascades. G proteins are so called because they function as "molecular switches". They...
  • G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe classical signalling mechanism for G alpha (i) is inhibition of the cAMP dependent pathway through inhibition of adenylate cyclase. Decreased production of cAMP from ATP results in decreased act...
  • G alpha (s) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G alpha (s) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe general function of the G alpha (s) subunit (Gs) is to activate adenylate cyclase, which in turn produces cAMP, leading to the activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinases (often referred to col...
  • G alpha (z) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G alpha (z) signalling events, organism-specific biosystemThe heterotrimeric G protein Gz, is a member of the Gi family. Unlike other Gi family members it lacks an ADP ribosylation site cysteine four residues from the carboxyl terminus and is thus pertussis...
  • G-protein mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    G-protein mediated events, organism-specific biosystemWhen dissociated Galpha-GTP and Gbeta-gamma can activate or inhibit different signalling cascades and effector proteins. The precise pathways depends on the identity of the alpha and beta/gamma subty...
  • GABA B receptor activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GABA B receptor activation, organism-specific biosystemFunctional GABA B receptors are heteromers of GABA B1 and B2 subunits, complexed with G protein alpha-i, 0, beta, and gamma subunits. They function as metabotropic receptors. When GABA is bound to th...
  • GABA receptor activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GABA receptor activation, organism-specific biosystemGamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors are the major inhibitory receptors in human synapses. They are of two types. GABA A receptors are fast-acting ligand gated chloride ion channels that mediate ...
  • GABAergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    GABAergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemGamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). When released in the synaptic cleft, GABA binds to three major classes o...
  • GABAergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    GABAergic synapse, conserved biosystemGamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). When released in the synaptic cleft, GABA binds to three major classes o...
  • GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it h...
  • Gap junction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Gap junction, organism-specific biosystemGap junctions contain intercellular channels that allow direct communication between the cytosolic compartments of adjacent cells. Each gap junction channel is formed by docking of two 'hemichannels'...
  • Gap junction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Gap junction, conserved biosystemGap junctions contain intercellular channels that allow direct communication between the cytosolic compartments of adjacent cells. Each gap junction channel is formed by docking of two 'hemichannels'...
  • Gastric acid secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Gastric acid secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Glucagon signaling in metabolic regulation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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  • Glutamatergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Glutamatergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • GnRH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Hedgehog 'off' state, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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  • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Inhibition of adenylate cyclase pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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  • Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Integration of energy metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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  • LPA receptor mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    LPA receptor mediated events, organism-specific biosystem
    LPA receptor mediated events
  • LPA4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    LPA4-mediated signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    LPA4-mediated signaling events
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  • Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Longevity regulating pathway - multiple species, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Melanogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Melanogenesis, organism-specific biosystemCutaneous melanin pigment plays a critical role in camouflage, mimicry, social communication, and protection against harmful effects of solar radiation. Melanogenesis is under complex regulatory cont...
  • Melanogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
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  • Morphine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Morphine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
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  • Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates signaling networks implicated in uterine muscle contraction at labor and quiescence throughout gestation (pregnancy). The muscle of the uterus, responsible for contractile ac...
  • NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemTrk receptors signal from the plasma membrane and from intracellular membranes, particularly from early endosomes. Signalling from the plasma membrane is fast but transient; signalling from endosomes...
  • Neuronal System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Neuronal System, organism-specific biosystemThe human brain contains at least 100 billion neurons, each with the ability to influence many other cells. Clearly, highly sophisticated and efficient mechanisms are needed to enable communication a...
  • Neurotransmitter Receptor Binding And Downstream Transmission In The Postsynaptic Cell, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Neurotransmitter Receptor Binding And Downstream Transmission In The Postsynaptic Cell, organism-specific biosystemThe neurotransmitter in the synaptic cleft released by the pre-synaptic neuron binds specific receptors located on the post-synaptic terminal. These receptors are either ion channels or G protein cou...
  • Olfactory transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Olfactory transduction, organism-specific biosystemWithin the compact cilia of the olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) a cascade of enzymatic activity transduces the binding of an odorant molecule to a receptor into an electrical signal that can be tra...
  • Olfactory transduction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Olfactory transduction, conserved biosystemWithin the compact cilia of the olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) a cascade of enzymatic activity transduces the binding of an odorant molecule to a receptor into an electrical signal that can be tra...
  • Oocyte meiosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oocyte meiosis, organism-specific biosystemDuring meiosis, a single round of DNA replication is followed by two rounds of chromosome segregation, called meiosis I and meiosis II. At meiosis I, homologous chromosomes recombine and then segrega...
  • Oocyte meiosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oocyte meiosis, conserved biosystemDuring meiosis, a single round of DNA replication is followed by two rounds of chromosome segregation, called meiosis I and meiosis II. At meiosis I, homologous chromosomes recombine and then segrega...
  • Opioid Signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Opioid Signalling, organism-specific biosystemOpioids are chemical substances similar to opiates, the active substances found in opium (morphine, codeine etc.). Opioid action is mediated by the receptors for endogenous opioids; peptides such as...
  • Ovarian steroidogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ovarian steroidogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThe ovarian steroids, 17-beta estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4), are critical for normal uterine function, establishment and maintenance of pregnancy, and mammary gland development. Furthermore, t...
  • Ovarian steroidogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Ovarian steroidogenesis, conserved biosystemThe ovarian steroids, 17-beta estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4), are critical for normal uterine function, establishment and maintenance of pregnancy, and mammary gland development. Furthermore, t...
  • Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oxytocin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
  • Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Oxytocin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemOxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide synthesized by the magno-cellular neurons located in the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei of the hypothalamus. It exerts a wide variety of central and ...
  • PKA activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PKA activation, organism-specific biosystemA number of inactive tetrameric PKA holoenzymes are produced by the combination of homo- or heterodimers of the different regulatory subunits associated with two catalytic subunits. When cAMP binds t...
  • PKA activation in glucagon signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PKA activation in glucagon signalling, organism-specific biosystemAdenylate cyclase catalyses the synthesis of cyclic AMP (cAMP) from ATP. In the absence of cAMP, protein kinase A (PKA) exists as inactive tetramers of two catalytic subunits and two regulatory subun...
  • PKA-mediated phosphorylation of CREB, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PKA-mediated phosphorylation of CREB, organism-specific biosystemCyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) induces gene transcription through activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), and subsequent phosphorylation of the transcription factor cAMP respo...
  • PLC beta mediated events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PLC beta mediated events, organism-specific biosystemThe phospholipase C (PLC) family of enzymes is both diverse and complex. The isoforms beta, gamma and delta (each have subtypes) make up the members of this family. PLC hydrolyzes phosphatidylinosito...
  • PLC-gamma1 signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PLC-gamma1 signalling, organism-specific biosystemThe activation of phosphlipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) and subsequent mobilization of calcium from intracellular stores are essential for neurotrophin secretion. PLC-gamma is activated through the phosph...
  • Pancreatic secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pancreatic secretion, organism-specific biosystemThe pancreas performs both exocrine and endocrine functions. The exocrine pancreas consists of two parts, the acinar and duct cells. The primary functions of pancreatic acinar cells are to synthesiz...
  • Pancreatic secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pancreatic secretion, conserved biosystemThe pancreas performs both exocrine and endocrine functions. The exocrine pancreas consists of two parts, the acinar and duct cells. The primary functions of pancreatic acinar cells are to synthesiz...
  • Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pathways in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
    Pathways in cancer
  • Phospholipase C-mediated cascade: FGFR1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Phospholipase C-mediated cascade: FGFR1, organism-specific biosystemPhospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) is a substrate of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) and other receptors with tyrosine kinase activity. It is known that the src homology region 2 (SH2 dom...
  • Phospholipase C-mediated cascade; FGFR2, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Phospholipase C-mediated cascade; FGFR2, organism-specific biosystemPhospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) is a substrate of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) and other receptors with tyrosine kinase activity. It is known that the src homology region 2 (SH2 dom...
  • Phospholipase C-mediated cascade; FGFR3, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Phospholipase C-mediated cascade; FGFR3, organism-specific biosystemPhospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) is a substrate of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) and other receptors with tyrosine kinase activity. It is known that the src homology region 2 (SH2 dom...
  • Phospholipase C-mediated cascade; FGFR4, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Phospholipase C-mediated cascade; FGFR4, organism-specific biosystemPhospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) is a substrate of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) and other receptors with tyrosine kinase activity. It is known that the src homology region 2 (SH2 dom...
  • Phospholipase D signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phospholipase D signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemPhospholipase D (PLD) is an essential enzyme responsible for the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidic acid (PA), which is involved in fundamental cellular processes, including membra...
  • Phospholipase D signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Phospholipase D signaling pathway, conserved biosystemPhospholipase D (PLD) is an essential enzyme responsible for the production of the lipid second messenger phosphatidic acid (PA), which is involved in fundamental cellular processes, including membra...
  • Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Platelet activation, organism-specific biosystemPlatelets play a key and beneficial role for primary hemostasis on the disruption of the integrity of vessel wall. Platelet adhesion and activation at sites of vascular wall injury is initiated by ad...
  • Post NMDA receptor activation events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Post NMDA receptor activation events, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ influx through the NMDA receptor initiates subsequent molecular pathways that have a defined role in establishing long-lasting synaptic changes. The molecular signaling initiated by a rise in Ca...
  • Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, organism-specific biosystemXenopus oocytes are naturally arrested at G2 of meiosis I. Exposure to either insulin/IGF-1 or the steroid hormone progesterone breaks this arrest and induces resumption of the two meiotic division c...
  • Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, conserved biosystemXenopus oocytes are naturally arrested at G2 of meiosis I. Exposure to either insulin/IGF-1 or the steroid hormone progesterone breaks this arrest and induces resumption of the two meiotic division c...
  • Purine metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Purine metabolism, organism-specific biosystem
    Purine metabolism
  • Purine metabolism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Purine metabolism, conserved biosystem
    Purine metabolism
  • Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rap1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
  • Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Rap1 signaling pathway, conserved biosystemRap1 is a small GTPase that controls diverse processes, such as cell adhesion, cell-cell junction formation and cell polarity. Like all G proteins, Rap1 cycles between an inactive GDP-bound and an ac...
  • Regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes, organism-specific biosystemLipolysis in adipocytes, the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol (TAG) to release fatty acids (FAs) and glycerol for use by other organs as energy substrates, is a unique function of white adipose tissue. ...
  • Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, organism-specific biosystemEndogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) serve as retrograde messengers at synapses in various regions of the brain. The family of endocannabinoids includes at least five derivatives of arachidonic...
  • Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, conserved biosystemEndogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) serve as retrograde messengers at synapses in various regions of the brain. The family of endocannabinoids includes at least five derivatives of arachidonic...
  • Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
  • Salivary secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salivary secretion, conserved biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystemThe epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one member of the ERBB family of transmembrane glycoprotein tyrosine receptor kinases (RTK). Binding of EGFR to its ligands induces conformational chang...
  • Signaling by FGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by FGFR, organism-specific biosystemThe 22 members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family of growth factors mediate their cellular responses by binding to and activating the different isoforms encoded by the four receptor tyrosin...
  • Signaling by FGFR1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by FGFR1, organism-specific biosystemThe 22 members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family of growth factors mediate their cellular responses by binding to and activating the different isoforms encoded by the four receptor tyrosin...
  • Signaling by FGFR2, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by FGFR2, organism-specific biosystemThe 22 members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family of growth factors mediate their cellular responses by binding to and activating the different isoforms encoded by the four receptor tyrosin...
  • Signaling by FGFR3, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by FGFR3, organism-specific biosystemThe 22 members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family of growth factors mediate their cellular responses by binding to and activating the different isoforms encoded by the four receptor tyrosin...
  • Signaling by FGFR4, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by FGFR4, organism-specific biosystemThe 22 members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family of growth factors mediate their cellular responses by binding to and activating the different isoforms encoded by the four receptor tyrosin...
  • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...
  • Signaling by Hedgehog, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Hedgehog, organism-specific biosystemHedgehog (Hh) is a secreted morphogen that regulates developmental processes in vertebrates including limb bud formation, neural tube patterning, cell growth and differentiation (reviewed in Hui and ...
  • Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet-derived Growth Factor (PDGF) is a potent stimulator of growth and motility of connective tissue cells such as fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells as well as other cells such as capillary end...
  • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, NT-4/5) play pivotal roles in survival, differentiation, and plasticity of neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. They are produced, and secreted in mi...
  • TSH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    TSH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemHuman thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is a glycoprotein secreted by the anterior part of the pituitary gland (1). TSH plays an important physiological role in the regulation of the hypothalamic-pit...
  • Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
  • Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
  • Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystem
    Transmembrane transport of small molecules
  • Transmission across Chemical Synapses, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transmission across Chemical Synapses, organism-specific biosystemChemical synapses are specialized junctions that are used for communication between neurons, neurons and muscle or gland cells. The synapse involves a pre-synaptic neuron and a post-synaptic neuron,...
  • Vascular smooth muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vascular smooth muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystemThe vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is a highly specialized cell whose principal function is contraction. On contraction, VSMCs shorten, thereby decreasing the diameter of a blood vessel to regula...
  • Vascular smooth muscle contraction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vascular smooth muscle contraction, conserved biosystemThe vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is a highly specialized cell whose principal function is contraction. On contraction, VSMCs shorten, thereby decreasing the diameter of a blood vessel to regula...
  • Vasopressin regulates renal water homeostasis via Aquaporins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Vasopressin regulates renal water homeostasis via Aquaporins, organism-specific biosystemIn the kidney water and solutes are passed out of the bloodstream and into the proximal tubule via the slit-like structure formed by nephrin in the glomerulus. Water is reabsorbed from the filtrate d...
  • Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemIn the kidney, the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin (AVP) is a critical regulator of water homeostasis by controlling the water movement from lumen to the interstitium for water reabsorption and adju...
  • Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption, conserved biosystemIn the kidney, the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin (AVP) is a critical regulator of water homeostasis by controlling the water movement from lumen to the interstitium for water reabsorption and adju...
  • Vibrio cholerae infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vibrio cholerae infection, organism-specific biosystemCholera toxin (CTX) is one of the main virulence factors of Vibrio cholerae. Once secreted, CTX B-chain (CTXB) binds to ganglioside GM1 on the surface of the host's cells. After binding takes place, ...
  • Vibrio cholerae infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Vibrio cholerae infection, conserved biosystemCholera toxin (CTX) is one of the main virulence factors of Vibrio cholerae. Once secreted, CTX B-chain (CTXB) binds to ganglioside GM1 on the surface of the host's cells. After binding takes place, ...
  • cAMP signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cAMP signaling, organism-specific biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
  • cAMP signaling, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cAMP signaling, conserved biosystemFunctional set; Cellular processes; Cell signaling
  • cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
  • cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Clone Names

  • KIAA0511

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
adenylate cyclase activity ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
adenylate cyclase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
calcium- and calmodulin-responsive adenylate cyclase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
calmodulin binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
metal ion binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
acrosome reaction ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
activation of adenylate cyclase activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
activation of protein kinase A activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
cAMP biosynthetic process ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cAMP-mediated signaling IBA
Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
more info
 
cellular response to forskolin ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cellular response to glucagon stimulus TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
female meiotic division IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
olfactory learning ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
renal water homeostasis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
sensory perception of smell ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
signal transduction TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
single fertilization ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
sperm motility ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
Golgi apparatus ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cilium ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
integral component of membrane ISS
Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
more info
 
integral component of plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
membrane raft IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
nucleus IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
plasma membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Preferred Names
adenylate cyclase type 3
Names
ATP pyrophosphate-lyase 3
adenylate cyclase type III
adenylate cyclase, olfactive type
adenylyl cyclase 3
adenylyl cyclase, type III
NP_004027.2

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001320613.1NP_001307542.1  adenylate cyclase type 3 isoform 1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript and encodes the longer isoform (1).
    Source sequence(s)
    AC012073, BC020148, BC126235, BC144119, BM148122, HY136273
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O60266
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    A0A0A0MSC1, B7ZLX9
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:317472
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:8841102
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain
  2. NM_004036.4NP_004027.2  adenylate cyclase type 3 isoform 2

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_004027.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) uses an alternate in-frame splice junction compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (2) has the same N- and C-termini but is 1 aa shorter compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AC012073, BC020148, BC126235, BM148122, HY136273
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS1715.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    O60266
    Related
    ENSP00000260600, OTTHUMP00000119992, ENST00000260600, OTTHUMT00000211574
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:317472
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:8831101
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 107 details...

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000002.12 Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly

    Range
    24819169..24919733 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_005264105.1XP_005264162.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:317472
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:8831101
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain
  2. XM_005264104.1XP_005264161.1  

    Related
    ENSP00000384484, ENST00000405392
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:317472
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:8841102
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain
  3. XM_011532491.1XP_011530793.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:317472
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:9031121
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain
  4. XM_011532494.1XP_011530796.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:317494
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:8591077
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain
  5. XM_006711925.1XP_006711988.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:317494
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:9061124
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain
  6. XM_011532493.1XP_011530795.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:317494
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:8791097
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain
  7. XM_011532490.1XP_011530792.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:317494
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:9241142
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain
  8. XM_011532489.1XP_011530791.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:317494
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:9251143
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain
  9. XM_011532496.1XP_011530798.1  

    Related
    ENSP00000475652, OTTHUMP00000201145, ENST00000606682, OTTHUMT00000324649
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:76253
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:684902
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain
  10. XM_011532495.1XP_011530797.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:95272
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:703921
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain
  11. XM_011532492.1XP_011530794.1  

    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd07302
    Location:317494
    CHD; cyclase homology domain
    smart00044
    Location:9251126
    CYCc; Adenylyl- / guanylyl cyclase, catalytic domain

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018913.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Range
    24971569..25071569 complement
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)