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ACTR2 ARP2 actin-related protein 2 homolog (yeast) [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 10097, updated on 15-May-2016
Official Symbol
ACTR2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
ARP2 actin-related protein 2 homolog (yeast)provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:169
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000138071 HPRD:05023; MIM:604221; Vega:OTTHUMG00000129540
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
ARP2
Summary
The specific function of this gene has not yet been determined; however, the protein it encodes is known to be a major constituent of the ARP2/3 complex. This complex is located at the cell surface and is essential to cell shape and motility through lamellipodial actin assembly and protrusion. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Orthologs
Location:
2p14
Exon count:
10
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
107 current GRCh38.p2 (GCF_000001405.28) 2 NC_000002.12 (65227695..65271253)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 2 NC_000002.11 (65454829..65498387)

Chromosome 2 - NC_000002.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene centrosomal protein 68 Neighboring gene RAB1A, member RAS oncogene family Neighboring gene voltage dependent anion channel 2 pseudogene Neighboring gene sprouty related EVH1 domain containing 2 Neighboring gene WAS/WASL-interacting protein family member 1-like Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105374780 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC440867

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

  • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance / axon pathfinding is the process by which neurons send out axons to reach the correct targets. Growing axons have a highly motile structure at the growing tip called the growth cone, w...
  • B Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    B Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe B cell receptor includes membrane ?? heavy chain molecules bound to a light chain and an Ig alpha (CD79A)/Ig beta (CD79B) heterodimer. Activation of the B cell receptor involves phosphorylation o...
  • CDC42 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    CDC42 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem
    CDC42 signaling events
  • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
  • EPH-Ephrin signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    EPH-Ephrin signaling, organism-specific biosystemDuring the development process cell migration and adhesion are the main forces involved in morphing the cells into critical anatomical structures. The ability of a cell to migrate to its correct dest...
  • EPHB-mediated forward signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    EPHB-mediated forward signaling, organism-specific biosystemMultiple EPHB receptors contribute directly to dendritic spine development and morphogenesis. These are more broadly involved in post-synaptic development through activation of focal adhesion kinase ...
  • ErbB1 downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    ErbB1 downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem
    ErbB1 downstream signaling
  • Fcgamma receptor (FCGR) dependent phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fcgamma receptor (FCGR) dependent phagocytosis, organism-specific biosystemPhagocytosis is one of the important innate immune responses that function to eliminate invading infectious agents. Monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils are the professional phagocytic cells. Phag...
  • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
  • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
  • RAC1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from Pathway Interaction Database)
    RAC1 signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem
    RAC1 signaling pathway
  • RHO GTPase Effectors, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPase Effectors, organism-specific biosystemRHO GTPases regulate cell behaviour by activating a number of downstream effectors that regulate cytoskeletal organization, intracellular trafficking and transcription (reviewed by Sahai and Marshall...
  • RHO GTPases Activate WASPs and WAVEs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    RHO GTPases Activate WASPs and WAVEs, organism-specific biosystemWASP and WAVE proteins belong to the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome protein family, with recessive mutations in the founding member WASP being responsible for the X-linked recessive immunodeficieny known a...
  • Regulation of actin dynamics for phagocytic cup formation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of actin dynamics for phagocytic cup formation, organism-specific biosystemThe actin cytoskeleton is fundamental for phagocytosis and members of the Rho family GTPases RAC and CDC42 are involved in actin cytoskeletal regulation leading to pseudopod extension. Active RAC and...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by Rho GTPases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by Rho GTPases, organism-specific biosystemThe Rho family of small guanine nucleotide binding proteins is one of five generally recognized branches of the Ras superfamily. Like most Ras superfamily members, typical Rho proteins function as bi...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ATP binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
contributes_to actin filament binding IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
structural constituent of cytoskeleton IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
Arp2/3 complex-mediated actin nucleation IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Fc-gamma receptor signaling pathway involved in phagocytosis TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
asymmetric cell division IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cilium assembly IMP
Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
more info
PubMed 
cytosolic transport IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
ephrin receptor signaling pathway TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
establishment or maintenance of cell polarity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
meiotic chromosome movement towards spindle pole IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
meiotic cytokinesis IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
movement of cell or subcellular component TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
spindle localization IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
Arp2/3 protein complex IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Arp2/3 protein complex TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
actin cap IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
actin cytoskeleton TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
cell projection IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
cytoplasm IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
cytosol TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
extracellular exosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
focal adhesion IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
membrane IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
Preferred Names
actin-related protein 2
Names
actin-like protein 2

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001005386.2NP_001005386.1  actin-related protein 2 isoform a

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001005386.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript and encodes the longer isoform (a).
    Source sequence(s)
    AC007318, AK315205, BX491447, DC404298, W15444
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS46307.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P61160
    Related
    ENSP00000367220, OTTHUMP00000202270, ENST00000377982, OTTHUMT00000327567
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd00012
    Location:80206
    NBD_sugar-kinase_HSP70_actin; Nucleotide-Binding Domain of the sugar kinase/HSP70/actin superfamily
    smart00268
    Location:6393
    ACTIN; Actin
  2. NM_005722.3NP_005713.1  actin-related protein 2 isoform b

    See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_005713.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an alternate in-frame exon compared to variant 1. The resulting isoform (b) has the same N- and C-termini but is shorter compared to isoform a.
    Source sequence(s)
    AC007318, AF006082, DC404298, W15444
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS1881.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P61160
    Related
    ENSP00000260641, OTTHUMP00000159937, ENST00000260641, OTTHUMT00000251730
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    cd00012
    Location:9185
    NBD_sugar-kinase_HSP70_actin; Nucleotide-Binding Domain of the sugar kinase/HSP70/actin superfamily
    smart00268
    Location:6388
    ACTIN; Actin

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 107 details...

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000002.12 Reference GRCh38.p2 Primary Assembly

    Range
    65227695..65271253
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018913.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Range
    65386192..65429751
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)