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Cover of Definition of Pain and Distress and Reporting Requirements for Laboratory Animals

Definition of Pain and Distress and Reporting Requirements for Laboratory Animals

Proceedings of the Workshop Held June 22, 2000


Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); .
ISBN-10: 0-309-07291-3


The purpose of this workshop is to talk to representatives of the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) about principles and definitions pertaining to the recognition and alleviation of pain and distress in laboratory animals. Several questions are related:

  • Can we compose a definition?
  • Can we produce language that will inform both the people who will carry out the regulations and the people who will inspect the process to determine whether, indeed, the institution is responding to the regulations appropriately?

An underlying question is:

  • Can we come up with language or words that go across all species or should we choose language that is somewhat dependent on the species we are describing?

This workshop provides an opportunity for the speakers and members of the audience to engage in a discussion of the definitions of pain, distress, and how one can recognize and alleviate the pain and distress that can occur in the course of using animals in biomedical research as well as in education and testing. The purpose of the workshop is to focus on the proposed wording for the USDA to use in writing regulations that will implement the Animal Welfare Act. Because the Animal Welfare Act contains the phrase “pain and distress,” the USDA must define those terms to implement the act.


This study was supported by Grant No. N01-OD-4-2139 between the National Academies and the National Institutes of Health of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of these proceedings was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the project were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

Copyright © 2000, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK99547PMID: 22896868DOI: 10.17226/10035


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