Table G-14Behavioral counseling interventions for older adults compared with usual care or with each other

Domains Pertaining to strength of EvidenceMagnitude of EffectStrength of Evidence
Number of Studies; Number of SubjectsRisk of Bias; Design/ QualityConsistencyDirectnessPrecisionSummary Effect Size (95% CI)High, Moderate, Low, Insufficient
Mortality, all-cause mortality (person-years)
1; 158Medium;
RCT/Fair
NA, single studyDirectImpreciseIntervention vs. control: 1 death vs. 4, p=NRInsufficient
Morbidity
0; 0NANANANANAInsufficient
Utilization
0; 0NANANANANAInsufficient
Costs
1; 158Medium;
RCT/Fair
NA, single studyDirectImpreciseNo statistically significant difference in economic outcomes through 24 monthsaLow
Legal events, sick days, and employment stability
0; 0NANANANANAInsufficient
Quality of life
0; 0NANANANANAInsufficient
a

The total costs of health care and social consequences were estimated to be $5,241 (95% CI, $2,995 to $7,487) per patient in the treatment group and $6,289 (95% CI, $3,549 to $9,029) per patient in the control group.2

Abbreviations: CI = confidence interval; NA = not applicable; NR = not reported; RCT = randomized controlled trial; vs. = versus.

The total costs of health care and social consequences were estimated to be $5,241 (95% CI, $2,995 to $7,487) per patient in the treatment group and $6,289 (95% CI, $3,549 to $9,029) per patient in the control group.2

From: Appendix G, Strength of Evidence Tables

Cover of Screening, Behavioral Counseling, and Referral in Primary Care To Reduce Alcohol Misuse
Screening, Behavioral Counseling, and Referral in Primary Care To Reduce Alcohol Misuse [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 64.
Jonas DE, Garbutt JC, Brown JM, et al.

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