Table 71Cholesterol among persons 20 years of age and over, by selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1988–1994 through 2007–2010

Updated data when available, Excel, PDF, more data years, and standard errors: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus/contents2011.htm#071.

[Data are based on interviews and laboratory data of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]

Sex, age, race and Hispanic origin 1, and percent of poverty level1988–19941999–20022003–20062007–2010
20 years and over, age-adjusted 2Percent of population with high cholesterol (serum total cholesterol greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL or taking cholesterol-lowering medications) 3
Both sexes 422.825.027.727.4
Male21.125.327.728.0
Female24.024.327.426.7
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male21.126.028.728.1
 White only, female24.225.128.227.4
 Black or African American only, male18.620.122.825.4
 Black or African American only, female23.122.023.325.6
Mexican male19.921.624.228.6
Mexican female19.819.324.125.5
Percent of poverty level: 5
 Below 100%23.025.027.926.5
 100%–199%22.125.927.627.6
 200%–399%23.126.527.528.9
 400% or more21.723.127.926.6
20 years and over, crude
Both sexes 421.525.028.028.7
Male19.625.127.528.7
Female23.224.828.528.7
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male20.026.829.730.4
 White only, female24.527.030.831.4
 Black or African American only, male16.018.521.324.1
 Black or African American only, female19.719.921.924.7
Mexican male16.217.019.323.7
Mexican female14.913.818.721.0
Percent of poverty level: 5
 Below 100%19.421.624.122.3
 100%–199%21.325.428.328.7
 200%–399%21.326.228.130.6
 400% or more21.924.228.729.6
Male
20–44 years13.116.116.514.3
 20–34 years8.210.410.28.5
 35–44 years21.023.125.222.5
45–64 years30.136.035.739.0
 45–54 years29.634.132.434.0
 55–64 years30.839.141.646.2
65–74 years27.436.349.448.9
75 years and over24.429.037.145.2
Female
20–44 years9.911.412.910.6
 20–34 years7.39.110.86.8
 35–44 years13.514.415.815.7
45–64 years36.431.737.339.1
 45–54 years28.227.229.629.1
 55–64 years45.839.249.251.4
65–74 years46.951.955.353.3
75 years and over41.244.047.352.5
20 years and over, age-adjusted 2Percent of population with high serum total cholesterol (greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL) 6
Both sexes 420.817.316.313.7
Male19.016.415.112.6
Female22.017.817.114.4
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male18.816.515.512.2
 White only, female22.218.118.015.3
 Black or African American only, male16.912.410.910.8
 Black or African American only, female21.417.713.311.5
Mexican male18.517.417.615.1
Mexican female18.713.814.413.6
Percent of poverty level: 5
 Below 100%20.618.318.114.4
 100%–199%20.619.116.715.0
 200%–399%20.818.915.814.4
 400% or more19.514.415.912.3
20 years and over, crude
Both sexes 419.617.316.414.1
Male17.716.515.212.9
Female21.318.017.515.2
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male18.016.915.712.6
 White only, female22.519.118.916.7
 Black or African American only, male14.712.210.810.9
 Black or African American only, female18.216.112.511.3
Mexican male15.415.015.714.7
Mexican female14.310.712.612.3
Percent of poverty level: 5
 Below 100%17.616.416.812.8
 100%–199%19.818.216.014.6
 200%–399%19.318.715.814.6
 400% or more19.915.517.113.7
Male
20–44 years12.514.214.111.1
 20–34 years8.29.89.57.6
 35–44 years19.419.720.516.2
45–64 years27.222.219.117.7
 45–54 years26.623.620.818.7
 55–64 years28.019.916.016.3
65–74 years21.913.710.97.5
75 years and over20.410.29.66.8
Female
20–44 years9.410.411.38.4
 20–34 years7.38.910.35.8
 35–44 years12.312.412.711.9
45–64 years33.423.023.921.3
 45–54 years26.721.419.717.7
 55–64 years40.925.630.525.6
65–74 years41.332.324.220.6
75 years and over38.226.518.620.2
20 years and over, age-adjusted2Mean serum total cholesterol level, mg/dL7
Both sexes4206203200196
Male204202198194
Female207204202198
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male205202198193
 White only, female208205203199
 Black or African American only, male202195193191
 Black or African American only, female207202195192
Mexican male206204203200
Mexican female206199200196
Percent of poverty level:5
 Below 100%205201203196
 100%–199%205204201198
 200%–399%207205199196
 400% or more205202201195
20 years and over, crude
Both sexes4204203200197
Male202202198194
Female206204202199
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male203203198193
 White only, female208206205201
 Black or African American only, male198194192191
 Black or African American only, female201199194191
Mexican male199200200200
Mexican female198194196195
Percent of poverty level:5
 Below 100%200198200194
 100%–199%202202199197
 200%–399%205204199197
 400% or more206204203198
Male
20–44 years194196196194
 20–34 years186188186186
 35–44 years206207209205
45–64 years216213206202
 45–54 years216215208204
 55–64 years216212202199
65–74 years212202191182
75 years and over205195187176
Female
20–44 years189191192187
 20–34 years184185188181
 35–44 years195198197195
45–64 years225215213211
 45–54 years217211208208
 55–64 years235221219214
65–74 years233224214207
75 years and over229217206203
1

Persons of Mexican origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The two non-Hispanic race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, estimates were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

2

Age-adjusted to the 2000 standard population using five age groups: 20–34 years, 35–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, and 65 years and over. Age-adjusted estimates may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

3

High cholesterol is defined as measured serum total cholesterol as greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL or reporting taking cholesterol-lowering medications. Respondents were asked, “Are you now following this advice [from a doctor of health professional] to take prescribed medicine [to lower your cholesterol]?”

4

Includes persons of all races and Hispanic origins, not just those shown separately.

5

Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size. Persons with unknown percent of poverty level are excluded (8% in 2007–2010). See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.

6

High serum total cholesterol is defined as greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL (6.20 mmol/L), regardless of whether the respondent reported taking cholesterol-lowering medications.

7

Risk levels for cholesterol have been defined by the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health. September 2002. (Available from: http://www​.nhlbi.nih​.gov/guidelines/cholesterol/index.htm and summarized in JAMA 2001;285(19):2486–97). Serum total cholesterol greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL (6.20 mmol/L) is considered high.

NOTES: See Appendix II, Cholesterol. Standard errors for selected years are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. Available from: http://www​.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. See Appendix I, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).

Persons of Mexican origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The two non-Hispanic race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, estimates were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

Age-adjusted to the 2000 standard population using five age groups: 20–34 years, 35–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, and 65 years and over. Age-adjusted estimates may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

High cholesterol is defined as measured serum total cholesterol as greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL or reporting taking cholesterol-lowering medications. Respondents were asked, “Are you now following this advice [from a doctor of health professional] to take prescribed medicine [to lower your cholesterol]?”

Includes persons of all races and Hispanic origins, not just those shown separately.

Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size. Persons with unknown percent of poverty level are excluded (8% in 2007–2010). See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.

High serum total cholesterol is defined as greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL (6.20 mmol/L), regardless of whether the respondent reported taking cholesterol-lowering medications.

Risk levels for cholesterol have been defined by the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health. September 2002. (Available from: http://www​.nhlbi.nih​.gov/guidelines/cholesterol/index.htm and summarized in JAMA 2001;285(19):2486–97). Serum total cholesterol greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL (6.20 mmol/L) is considered high.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2011
Health, United States, 2011: With Special Feature on Socioeconomic Status and Health.
National Center for Health Statistics (US).
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2012 May.

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