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National Research Council (US) Steering Committee for the Workshop on Technology for Adaptive Aging; Pew RW, Van Hemel SB, editors. Technology for Adaptive Aging. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2004.

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Technology for Adaptive Aging.

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Appendix BBiographical Sketches


Richard W. Pew (Chair) holds a bachelors degree in electrical engineering from Cornell University (1956), a master of arts degree in psychology from Harvard University (1960), and a Ph.D. in psychology with a specialization in engineering psychology from the University of Michigan (1963). He has been at BBN Technologies since 1974 where he is a Principal Scientist. From 1976 to 1997 he was also Manager of the Cognitive Sciences and Systems Department. He is currently working part time for BBN. He has 35 years of experience in human factors, human performance and experimental psychology as they relate to systems design and development. Throughout his career he has been involved in the development and utilization of human performance models and in the conduct of experimental and field studies of human performance in applied settings. Before joining BBN, he spent 11 years on the faculty of the psychology department at Michigan where he was involved in human performance teaching, research and consulting. The University has recently created a collegiate chair in his name. He was the first chair of the National Research Council Committee on Human Factors, and has been president of the Human Factors Society and president of Division 21 of the American Psychological Association, the division concerned with engineering psychology. He has also been chair of the Biosciences Panel of the U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board and was recently chair of the Soldier Systems Panel of the U.S. Army Research Laboratory Technical Advisory Board. In 1999 he was awarded the Arnold M. Small Distinguished Service Award of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society for career-long contributions to the field and to the society. Dr. Pew has more than 70 publications as book chapters, articles, and technical reports.

Scott Bass is dean of the Graduate School and vice provost for research and planning at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), where he holds academic appointments of distinguished professor of sociology and public policy. His responsibilities involve the development and expansion of research and graduate education at this selective, midsized, public research university. Dr. Bass was formerly a professor at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, as well as director of the University's Gerontology Institute. He was founding director of the Ph.D. program in gerontology—the second such Ph.D. program in the United States. Most recently, Dr. Bass helped to establish a new Ph.D. program in gerontology at UMBC in cooperation with faculty at the University of Maryland, Baltimore. A Gerontological Society of America Fellow, he was a visiting associate at the Lincoln Gerontology Centre, La Trobe University, Australia, in 1989, a distinguished visiting professor at Yokohama City University, Japan, in 1994, and was awarded a Fulbright Research Scholarship to study in Japan in 1994. Dr. Bass' recent written work has focused on the social and economic roles of older people. He is the editor of Older and Active (1995) and coeditor of Challenges of the Third Age: Meaning and Purpose in Later Life (2002), Public Policy and the Old Age Revolution in Japan (1996), and three additional books. He is also founding coeditor of the Journal of Aging & Social Policy and has published approximately 50 book chapters and articles and over 30 monographs or research reports regarding aging policy. Dr. Bass received a combined doctorate in psychology and education in 1976 from the University of Michigan, from which he also earned an M.A. in clinical psychology and a B.A. in psychology.

Joseph F. Coughlin, Ph.D., is founding director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) AgeLab—a partnership among MIT, industry, and the aging community to engineer innovative approaches and technologies to improve the quality of life of older adults and those who care for them. AgeLab conducts multidisciplinary research addressing the problems and opportunities of global aging, including housing, transportation, health, communications, leisure and the workplace. AgeLab's industry sponsors are from around the world and include information technology and telecommunications firms, pharmaceutical companies, consumer products manufacturers, financial services, and the automotive industry. Dr. Coughlin's own research seeks to develop new business models that respond to the demands of today's and tomorrow's older adults by seamlessly integrating technology and consumer services. He is recognized around the world as a leader in the field of aging and technology. Dr. Coughlin has published in a variety of aging, business, and policy research journals. He recently completed a book on the transportation needs of an aging society along with Roger W. Cobb, Brown University, forthcoming from Johns Hopkins University Press. Dr. Coughlin is currently writing a second book that envisions how business and society will leverage the convergence of technology and graying demographics to reshape how all of us will live, work, and play tomorrow. He frequently speaks to a wide range of audiences including those in the healthcare, automotive, insurance, travel, and computer industries, lecturing on the business and public policy implications of aging, changing lifestyles, and technology in Europe, Japan, and North America. Dr. Coughlin has served as a keynote speaker at national and international events including the annual meetings of the American Geriatrics Society, AARP Board of Directors, COMDEX, and the White House Conference on Technology and Aging. His research has been featured in Business Week, the Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Le Monde, and ABC News, CBS Evening News, NBC Nightly News, and CNN World. Dr. Coughlin consults regularly and has assisted numerous organizations including AT&T, IBM, the American Business Collaborative for Quality Dependent Care, Johnson & Johnson, and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Dr. Coughlin was recently named to lead the 35-nation Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's study on new transportation technologies and services for older people. Prior to joining MIT, Dr. Coughlin was with EG&G (now PerkinElmer) for 12 years. He teaches strategic management and public policy within the MIT School of Engineering's Engineering Systems Division. He has a B.A. from the State University of New York in international politics, an A.M. in public policy from Brown University, and a Ph.D. in public policy from Boston University.

Melissa A. Hardy is director of the Gerontology Center and professor of human development/family studies and sociology at the Pennsylvania State University and the former director of the Pepper Institute on Aging and Public Policy at Florida State University (1995-2003). She was recently elected chair of the Behavioral and Social Sciences Section of the Gerontological Society of America for 2005. Professor Hardy received a Ph.D. in sociology, with a minor in economics, from Indiana University in 1980. She has been a member of the Council of the American Sociological Association's Section on Aging, a member of the Section on Human Development and Aging for the National Institutes of Health, executive director of Florida's Panel for End-of-Life Care, one of the U.S. representatives to the International Comparative Research Group addressing public and private policies that affect older workers, and a consultant to the Commission on Long-Term Care in Florida. She has served on the editorial boards of the American Sociological Review, the Journal of Gerontology, Research on Aging, and Social Forces. In addition to her administrative duties, Professor Hardy maintains an active research agenda, specializing in studies of social stratification, income inequality, labor-force behavior, health, and public policy. Her projects have been supported by funding from agencies such as the National Institute on Aging and the Andrus Foundation.

Arthur Kramer received a Ph.D. in 1984 in cognitive and experimental psychology at the University of Illinois. Since then he has spent a good deal of time working on a variety of research topics in cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience and human factors at the University of Illinois and elsewhere. He currently holds appointments in the Department of Psychology, the University Neuroscience program, the Institute of Aviation, and the Beckman Institute, where he has served as the cochair for the Human-Computer Interaction main research theme since 1998. Dr. Kramer served as an associate editor of Perception and Psychophysics from 1993 to 1999 and is currently a member of seven editorial boards. His research is currently funded by the National Institute on Aging, the Institute for the Study of Aging, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Army Research Laboratory, the Federal Aviation Administration, and General Motors. His research on aging is concerned with both (a) explicating the changes in a variety of cognitive processes that occur during the course of normal aging and (b) designing interventions to slow the detrimental cognitive effects experienced during the process of aging. For example, Dr. Kramer and his research group have been investigating changes in the processes that support executive control (and more specifically multitask performance and task switching) that occur during aging. To that end they have found age-related deficiencies in the ability to suppress previously relevant but currently irrelevant stimulus-response mappings as well as in the ability to rapidly shift priorities among concurrently performed tasks. However, they have also found that such deficiencies can be reduced, in part, by both training interventions and programs of aerobic fitness. In a recently completed series of studies, they found that not only do adaptive training strategies that emphasize cognitive flexibility reduce age-related performance differences on the trained tasks, but the performance strategies that are learned transfer to novel sets of concurrently performed tasks. Dr. Kramer and his colleagues are also interested in the relationship among aging, fitness, cognition and brain function—a relationship that they have been examining through the use of event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

Martha E. Pollack is professor of electrical engineering and computer science at the University of Michigan. She was previously professor of computer science and director of the Intelligent Systems Program at the University of Pittsburgh, and before that, senior computer scientist at the AI Center, SRI International. Professor Pollack received her B.A. from Dartmouth College and her M.S.E. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Pennsylvania. She is a recipient of the Computers and Thought Award (1991), a National Science Foundation (NSF)Young Investigator's Award (1992), and the University of Pittsburgh Chancellor's Distinguished Research Award (2000), and she was elected to be a fellow of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence in 1986. She has served on numerous editorial boards and program committees, and is currently executive editor of the Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research. Her research interests are in artificial intelligence: For many years, she has conducted research on plan generation, plan management, temporal reasoning, and cognitive models of rationality. More recently she has been interested in the uses of Artificial Intelligence technology to support elderly and disabled people, and in particular she has been developing assistive technology for people with memory impairment, with funding from the NSF and the Intel Corporation.

Wendy A. Rogers is a professor in the School of Psychology at Georgia Institute of Technology in the engineering and experimental psychology programs. She received her B.A. from the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, and her M.S. (1989) and Ph.D. (1991) degrees from Georgia Institute of Technology. Prior to returning to the Georgia Institute of Technology for her current position, she was a member of the faculty of the University of Memphis (1991-1994) and the University of Georgia (1994-1998). Her research interests include skill acquisition, human factors, training, and cognitive aging. Her research is currently funded by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) as part of two centers: the Center for Aging and Cognition: Health, Education, and Technology and the Center for Research and Education on Aging and Technology Enhancement. She also has a grant funded by NIA to study cognitive strategies and aging. Dr. Rogers has published extensively in the field of human factors and cognitive aging with over 60 journal articles and book chapters. Dr. Rogers serves on the editorial boards of Experimental Aging Research, Ergonomics in Design, and Human Factors; she just completed a term on the editorial board of Psychology and Aging. She is past president and fellow of Division 21 (Applied Experimental and Engineering Psychology) and a fellow of Division 20 (Adult Development and Aging) of the American Psychological Association. She also served a term as an at-large member of the Executive Council of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, and is now President-elect of the society.

Richard Schulz is currently professor of psychiatry and director of the University Center for Social and Urban Research at the University of Pittsburgh. He has spent most of his career doing research and writing on adult development and aging. His research has focused on social-psychological aspects of aging, including the role of control as a construct for characterizing life-course development, and the impact of disabling late-life disease on patients and their families. Much of his recent research has focused on issues of health and aging and family caregiving. This body of work is reflected in more than 200 publications, which have appeared in major medical, psychology, and aging journals. He is also author of numerous books and has served as editor of the Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences. He is the year 2000 recipient of the Kleemeier Award for research on aging given by the Gerontological Society of America, and in 2003 he received the Developmental Health Research Award from the American Psychological Association.

Charles T. (Chip) Scialfa received a Ph.D. in experimental psychology from the University of Notre Dame (1987) and subsequently spent several years as a postdoctoral fellow in both developmental methodology and visual function at Pennsylvania State University. He has been on the faculty at the University of Calgary since 1989. His research focus is on perceptual and cognitive aging. This interest includes clinical and applied aspects of spatial vision, eye movements, visual attention, skill acquisition, human factors, and driving performance.

Thomas B. Sheridan received a B.S. degree from Purdue University, an M.S. degree from the University of California at Los Angeles, a Sc.D. degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and the Doctor (honorary) from Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands. For most of his professional career he has remained at MIT, where currently he is Ford Professor of Engineering and Applied Psychology Emeritus in both the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He has also served as a visiting professor at the University of California at Berkeley, Stanford, Delft (the Netherlands), Kassel (Germany), and Ben Gurion (Israel). Currently he is senior research fellow at the Department of Transportation Volpe Center and a consultant for patient safety to Harvard's Risk Management Foundation. As director of the MIT Human-Machine Systems Laboratory his research activities have included experimentation, analysis, modeling, and design to enhance human performance and safety for air, highway and rail transportation, space and undersea robotics, nuclear power systems, medical systems, arms control, and virtual reality. He has published over 200 technical papers in these areas. He is co-author of Man-Machine Systems (MIT Press 1974, 1981; USSR, 1981); coeditor of Monitoring Behavior and Supervisory Control (Plenum, 1976); author of Telerobotics, Automation, and Human Supervisory Control (MIT Press, 1992); coeditor of Perspectives on the Human Controller (Erlbaum, 1997); and author of Humans and Automation (Wiley, 2002). He is currently senior editor of the MIT Press journal Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments and serves on several editorial boards. He chaired the National Research Council's Committee on Human Factors and has served on numerous government and industrial advisory committees. Dr. Sheridan served as president of the IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society, and editor of IEEE Transactions on Man-Machine Systems. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1995.


Gregory D. Abowd is an associate professor in the College of Computing and the Graphics, Visualization, and Usability (GVU) Center at the Georgia Institute of Technology. His research interests include software engineering for interactive systems, with particular focus on mobile and ubiquitous computing applications. He leads a research group in the College of Computing focused on the development of prototype future computing environments that emphasize mobile and ubiquitous computing technology for everyday uses. The general themes he investigates include automated capture environments, context-aware computing, and natural interaction. He has focused his applications research in the domains of university education (the Classroom 2000 and eClass projects), the office (CyberDesk,) and the home (the Aware Home). Dr. Abowd has affiliations with several campus research groups, including the GVU Center and the Broadband Institute. He currently serves as director for the Aware Home Research Initiative. Dr. Abowd received a B.S. in mathematics from the University of Notre Dame in 1986 and the degrees of M.Sc. (1987) and D.Phil. (1991) in computation from the University of Oxford, where he attended as a Rhodes Scholar. Before coming to the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1994, Dr. Abowd held postdoctoral positions with the Human-Computer Interaction group at the University of York in England and with the Software Engineering Institute and Computer Science Department at Carnegie Mellon University.

Sara J. Czaja has a B.S. in psychology and an M.S. and Ph.D. in industrial engineering from the State University of New York at Buffalo. She is currently a professor in the departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Industrial Engineering at the University of Miami and is the director of the Center on Research and Education for Aging and Technology Enhancement (CREATE) and the Research Director of the Center on Adult Development and Aging at the University of Miami School of Medicine. CREATE, funded by the National Institute on Aging, involves collaboration with the Georgia Institute of Technology and Florida State University. The focus of CREATE is on making technology more accessible, useful, and usable for older adult populations. Prior to joining the faculty at Miami in 1990, Dr. Czaja was an associate professor of industrial engineering at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Dr. Czaja has a long commitment to developing strategies to improve the quality of life of older adults. Her research interests include aging and cognition, caregiving, human-computer interaction, training, and functional assessment. She has received funding for her research from the Administration on Aging, the National Institute on Aging (NIA), the National Institute of Nursing Research, the Markel Foundation, and Pfizer Inc. She is currently the principal investigator of a project, funded by NIA, concerned with the ability of older adults to use technology for information search and retrieval. She is also the Principal Investigator of the Miami site of the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health program, a multisite clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of a multicomponent psychosocial intervention in enhancing the quality of life and reducing burden and distress among family caregivers of Alzheimer's patients. The intervention involves the use of a computer-integrated communications system. She is also the principal investigator of a project concerned with the impact of Aricept on the functional performance of patients with Alzheimer's disease, and is leading a project concerned with evaluating the feasibility of applying engineering and operations research analytic techniques to psychosocial intervention research. Dr. Czaja has written numerous book chapters and scientific articles. She is currently coauthoring a book with other members of the CREATE team concerning the design of technology for older adult populations. She is also very active at the national level in promoting aging research. Dr. Czaja served as the cochair of the Committee on Aging and Human Factors of the National Research Council and National Science Foundation. She was the cochair of the November 2002 meeting of the International Society of Gerontechnology. She also served as the chair of the Technical Group on Aging of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society and is the chair-elect of the Council on Technical Groups of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. She is a member of the external advisory board of the Center on Aging at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. In addition, she is a fellow of the American Psychological Association and the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. She is the current chair of the Risk Prevention and Behavior Scientific Review Panel of the National Institute on Health. She is a recognized leader within the university community in aging research. In 1996 she was selected as the researcher of the year within the College of Engineering and received the provost's award for scholarly activity in 1998.

Eric Dishman, senior social scientist at Intel Corporation, was trained as a communication scholar but has been leading qualitative research studies for the past 10 years in technology companies. He received an M.S. in speech communication from Southern Illinois University and is a Ph.D. candidate in communication at the University of Utah. His research centers on the development of ubiquitous computing technologies by studying the everyday lives of people in their natural environments. Mr. Dishman currently directs several healthcare efforts in Intel Research, including the Proactive Health research laboratory to develop aging-in-place technologies for the baby boomer cohort. He is the chair of the Intel Research Council Health Subcommittee, which funds university grants on consumer health and wellness technologies. His team's current fieldwork and technology prototyping efforts focus on the home activities of elder and boomer populations who are dealing with cognitive disability, physical disability, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and nutrition and fitness concerns. In partnership with the American Association of Homes and Services for the Aging (www.aahsa.org), Mr. Dishman is also the inaugural chair of the Center for Aging Services Technology (www.agingtech.org). He is a frequent speaker on the topics of aging and home health care technologies.

Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob is currently professor of nursing, epidemiology, and occupational therapy and dean of the School of Nursing at the University of Pittsburgh. She received her B.S. in nursing from Florida State University, an M.S. in psychiatric nursing from the University of California at San Francisco, and a Ph.D. in counseling psychology at Stanford University. She is licensed as both a registered nurse and a psychologist. Dr. Dunbar-Jacob has been studying adherence to treatment in primarily chronic conditions since the mid-1970s and currently has studies in type 2 diabetes supported by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and rheumatoid arthritis supported by the National Institute of Nursing Research. She is a co-principal investigator in the multi-university National Science Foundation-supported Nursebot project and is director of the NINR-supported Center for Research in Chronic Disorders. The majority of her studies have included older adult populations. She had a particular interest in both the behavioral and the technological strategies that may improve older adults' ability to manage and adhere to their healthcare regimen.

Christopher Hertzog received A.B., A.M., and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Southern California, with a specialization in adult development and aging. His Ph.D. dissertation, done under the supervision of K. Warner Schaie, was completed in 1979. After a 2-year postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Washington, he was an assistant professor of human development at the Pennsylvania State University from 1981 to 1985. He then moved to the Georgia Institute of Technology, where he has remained and is currently a professor of psychology. He has received several research grants from the National Institute on Aging, including a MERIT (Method to Extend Research in Time) award for his research program on aging, metacognition, and strategy use during learning. His published research has spanned a broad range of interests, including longitudinal methods; multivariate statistics; individual differences in human cognition; effects of aging on memory, intelligence, and problem solving; metacognition; and social cognition. He is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, the American Psychological Society, and the Gerontological Society of America.

Ann Horgas is an associate professor in the College of Nursing at the University of Florida. She received a B.S. and M.S. in nursing, and a Ph.D. in human development and family studies (1992) from the Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Horgas completed her postdoctoral fellowship in the Gerontology and Geriatrics department at Free University of Berlin in Germany, where she worked on the Berlin Aging Study. Dr. Horgas has been the recipient of many awards including the Harriet H. Werley New Investigator Award from the Midwest Nursing Research Society, an Undergraduate Mentorship Recognition Award from Wayne State University, and a Junior Scholar Fellowship to attend the Sapio Summer School of Methodology and Research Strategies in Developmental Studies at the Sapio Research Institute in Sofia, Bulgaria. Most recently, she was the recipient of the Springer Award for outstanding contributions to geriatric nursing through the Gerontological Society of America. Dr. Horgas is the principal investigator or coinvestigator on a large number of research projects funded by the National Institute on Aging, National Institute of Nursing Research, and the American Nurses Foundation. Her program of research focuses on chronic pain in late life and its impact on physical health, mental health, and everyday functioning. She has done extensive research in nursing homes and assisted living facilities, focusing primarily on strategies for improving care, dealing with behavior problems, and managing pain.

Susan Kemper is the Roberts Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Gerontology at the University of Kansas. She is a participating faculty member in the Gerontology Doctoral program as well as in the Child Language Doctoral program in addition to that in cognitive psychology. In the Language Across the Lifespan Project, she addresses how aging affects the processing of spoken and written language and includes comparative studies of healthy older adults and adults with Alzheimer's disease. Her research ranges from studies of how working memory affects older adults' speech to studies of how to enhance older adults' comprehension through “elderspeak,” a set of special speech modifications designed for older adults. Recently, she has established an eye tracking laboratory for age-comparative studies of reading and visual information processing. Along with other researchers, she examined early language abilities as a predictor of late-life cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease as part of the Nun Study. Her research has been supported by a series of grants from the National Institute on Aging. Dr. Kemper earned her doctorate at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, in 1978 and her bachelor's degree from Macalester College, St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1974. She has received a 5-year research career development award from the National Institute of Aging and the Balfour Jeffery Research Achievement Award at the University of Kansas.

Caroline J. Ketcham received an B.A. degree from Colby College in 1996 in biology and psychology. She completed an M.S. in 1999 with her research focus on bradykinesia in Parkinson's disease patients under the direction of Professor George E. Stelmach at Arizona State University. She continued on towards her Ph.D. with Dr. Stelmach and was awarded her Ph.D. in December 2003. Her current research is some of the seminal data on the pattern of oculomotor control in the production of multijoint movements. Caroline has received such honors as an Achievement Reward for College Scientists (ARCS), Outstanding Graduate Student, Graduate College Accolades, Graduate Academic Scholar, has received numerous travel awards both internal and external to present her research. Caroline has 5 peer-reviewed publications, 5 published chapters, and has presented her research at 15 national and international conferences. Caroline, in addition to her work at ASU, spent the summer of 2000 abroad conducting research at the Imperial College School of Medicine-Charing Cross Hospital in London collaborating with neuroscientists on spatial memory in Parkinson's disease patients. Caroline has been a research assistant on, and an integral part in writing, several NIH grants awarded to Dr. Stelmach. These grants have addressed control and regulation of upper extremity movements in young, elderly and Parkinson's disease patients. Dr. Ketcham is now assistant professor in the Department of Health and Kinesiology at Texas A&M University in College Station, TX.

Jose C. Lacal is senior manager, Tele-Health Solutions with the iDEN Subscriber Group of Motorola. He has a B.A. in economics from Florida International University in Miami, Florida. Prior to joining Motorola, Mr. Lacal spent 5 years with high-tech companies in Germany, Mexico and the United States. His areas of responsibility at iDEN include the identification and definition of new strategic market opportunities, including disabilities, healthcare, and seniors. Mr. Lacal is looking for new markets where iDEN could re-combine its core competencies in order to develop new solutions for emerging markets. Mr. Lacal is personally interested in using technology to develop solutions for the disabilities, healthcare, and seniors markets, both in the United States and in Western Europe.

Leah L. Light is professor of psychology at Pitzer College in Claremont, California. She received a B.A. in psychology from Wellesley College and a Ph.D. from Stanford University. Her research interests lie in memory and aging, with a particular focus on differentiating aspects of memory that are relatively preserved in old age from those that are more affected. Her research has been supported by grants from the National Institute on Aging, including a MERIT award, since 1981. Dr. Light is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, the American Psychological Society, and the Gerontological Society of America, and is a member of the Psychonomic Society and the Memory Disorders Research Society. She has just completed a 6-year term as editor of Psychology and Aging and continues to serve on the board of that journal and also on the board of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.

Judith Tabolt Matthews is an assistant professor in the Department of Health and Community Systems at the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing. Dr. Matthews received her B.S. in nursing from the Pennsylvania State University and an M.S. in community health nursing, with an emphasis in gerontology, from Boston University. She holds both a Ph.D. in nursing and an M.P.H. in epidemiology from the University of Pittsburgh. Dr. Matthews's focus over the past 25 years has been on community health nursing practice, education, and research, with particular interest in the use of technology to support the caregiving skills and preventive health practices of family caregivers. She is also a member of the Nursebot Project, a multidisciplinary collaboration involving the University of Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon University, and the University of Michigan that is funded by the National Science Foundation. The project focuses on developing personal robotic assistants for older adults. Dr. Matthews coteaches a project-based, robotic applications course with faculty from the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University, bringing together students from the health sciences and students in technology to design and evaluate robotic devices that may help community-residing, frail older adults and persons with disabilities sustain their independence.

Joachim Meyer is an associate professor at the Department of Industrial Engineering and Management at Ben Gurion University in Beer Sheva, Israel, and a research scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) AgeLab, where he helped to establish the driving simulator laboratory. He holds an M.A. in psychology and a Ph.D. in industrial engineering from Ben Gurion University. Before returning to Ben Gurion University, he had an appointment at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology. He specializes in cognitive engineering and, in particular, the modeling of decision processes in settings that involve complex systems and social interactions. His recent research deals with the potential benefits and the possible problems of using technology to support older users. He has published in scientific journals dealing with cognitive psychology, human-computer interaction, ergonomics, human factors engineering and management information systems.

Phyllis Moen holds the McKnight Presidential Chair in Sociology at the University of Minnesota. For many years prior to that, she held the Ferris Family Professorship in Life Course Studies at Cornell University, serving also as founding director of the Bronfenbrenner Life Course Center, codirector of Cornell Gerontology Research Institute, and director of the Cornell Careers Institute. Her research (published in six books as well as in leading academic journals) focuses on careers, families, gender, aging, and health over the life course. She is especially interested in work-related status transitions and trajectories as they play out in particular historical, community, corporate, and policy contexts. Dr. Moen's recent scholarship addresses the mismatch between work and retirement rules and regulations, on the one hand, and characteristics of the new work force and the new, growing retired force, on the other. The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and the National Institute on Aging have funded the bulk of her scholarship. Dr. Moen just published It's About Time: Couples and Careers (Cornell University Press, 2003). Two other volumes are in the works: The Career Mystique (Rowman and Littlefield) and Uncertain Futures.

K. Warner Schaie is the Evan Pugh Professor of Human Development and Psychology at the Pennsylvania State University. He also holds an appointment as affiliate professor of psychiatry and behavioral science at the University of Washington. He received a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Washington, an honorary Dr.Phil. from the Friedrich-Schiller-University of Jena, Germany, and an honorary Sci.D. degree from West Virginia University. He was honored with the Kleemeier Award for Distinguished Research Contributions from the Gerontological Society of America and the Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award from the American Psychological Association. He is author or editor of 36 books including the textbook Adult Development and Aging (with S. L. Willis) and the Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (with J. E. Birren), both of which are now in their 5th editions. He has directed the Seattle Longitudinal Study of cognitive aging since 1956 and is the author of more than 250 journal articles and chapters on the psychology of aging. His current research interest is the life course of adult intelligence, its antecedents and modifiability, as well as methodological issues in the developmental sciences.

George E. Stelmach's teaching and research interests are in the areas of movement control and learning, aging, human factors, and neuro-sciences. His current research examines human movement coordination and seeks to understand how the central nervous system controls and regulates movement in normal individuals and in those with neurological impairments. Of special interest is how motor control strategies are altered through normal aging and pathology. Dr. Stelmach began his academic career in 1967 at the University of California-Santa Barbara (UCSB) in the Department of Ergonomics. After 4 years at UCSB, he left to accept the position as professor and director of the Motor Behavior Laboratory at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, where he spent the next 19 years in various academic and administrative positions. While in Madison, he was a faculty member in the Department of Kinesiology (1986-1990) and from 1984-1990 he was also a faculty member in the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine in the Clinical Science Center. From 1991 to the present he has been a professor of kinesiology and director of the Motor Control Laboratory at Arizona State University. Dr. Stelmach's collaborative research and training programs address questions pertinent to the general area of motor neuroscience. The disciplines involved in this research and training effort are neurophysiology, biomechanics, experimental psychology, engineering, computer science, and kinesiology. During the 12 years that he has been at Arizona State University, he has built a strong research program that supports nine postdoctoral and three predoctoral trainees. Professor Stelmach's extramural grant awards currently exceed $6.5 million. In addition, Dr. Stelmach is codirector of a 5-year National Science Foundation Integrated Graduated Education Research and Training Award (2000-2004). Professor Stelmach has been externally funded through peer-reviewed grant applications in the neuroscience area throughout his 35-year career. Consistent with the interdisciplinary nature of his research, grant support has come from diverse funding agencies such as the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, National Institute of Aging, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute of Education, American Parkinson's Disease Association, Burroughs-Wellcome Trust, RS Flinn Foundation, and the U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research. During the course of his career, he has also received numerous academic awards. The following reflect some of the most prestigious: University of California President's Fellow (1970); Royalty Fund Fellow, University of Wisconsin (1977); National Academy of Science Exchange Fellow (1978); Senior Fulbright Fellow (1981); Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst Award (1987); Netherlands Institute of Advanced Study Fellow (1989); French National Institute of Medicine Fellow (1990); German Research Council Fellow (1992); Austrian Institute of Space Neurology Fellow, (1993-94); and Max Planck Research Fellow, Munich (1999). He also has received several Wellcome Trust Awards to allow him to conduct research at the University of London (1996), the University of Oxford (1998), and the Imperial College of Medicine (2000). Dr. Stelmach has also been elected to fellow in the American Psychological Association—Divisions of Experimental Psychology and Engineering Psychology, American Psychological Society, and American Society of Kinesiology. He has also been honored with invitations to be a visiting scholar at some of the most renowned institutes of neurology in Europe: University of Dusseldorf, University of Tubingen, University of Innsbruck, University of London, and the Imperial College of Medicine in London.

Sherry L. Willis is a professor of human development at the Pennsylvania State University. She has a Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Austin. Dr. Willis's research, funded by the National Institute on Aging for over 25 years, focuses particularly on developing and evaluating training programs to help older adults compensate for age-related declines. She also looks at practical intelligence––how people solve everyday problems, such as understanding the instructions on prescription labels. Dr. Willis serves as consulting editor for Gerontology Review, Cognition and Aging, Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, and as a reviewer for several other journals. She is a coauthor, with K. Warner Schaie, of the textbook Adult Development and Aging, now in its 5th edition, plus she is the author or coauthor of numerous journal articles and chapters related to cognitive training in the elderly. She was president of Division 20 (1993-1994) and holds fellow status in two divisions of the American Psychological Association, as well as fellow status in the Gerontological Society of America. She was honored by the Pennsylvania State University's College of Health and Human Development in 1992 with the Pattishall Distinguished Research Award; in 1999 she was awarded the Pennsylvania State University's Faculty Scholar Medal for Outstanding Achievement, and in 2001 she was honored with the Pennsylvania State University's College of Health and Human Development Pauline Schmitt Russell Distinguished Research Career Award.

Copyright © 2004, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK97344
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