This figure shows a way to analyze a social-ecological system (SES). In the center, the interactions point to the outcomes. Resource Systems and Resource Units feed into and out of the Interations. Governance System and Users feed into and out of the Outcomes. The black, straight arrows (those that feed into both sides) represent direct causal links. The red, curved arrows (those that feed out of both sides) represent feedbacks.

FIGURE 25-3Diagnostic tool for analyzing a social-ecological system (SES)66

From: 25, Institutional Design and Governance in the Microbial Research Commons

Cover of Designing the Microbial Research Commons
Designing the Microbial Research Commons: Proceedings of an International Symposium.
National Research Council (US) Board on Research Data and Information; Uhlir PF, editor.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011.
Copyright © 2011, National Academy of Sciences.

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