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TABLE 4-1Selected Surveillance Systems

Surveillance SystemPrimary SponsorFrequencyDescription
Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals
USDA1989-1991; 1994-1996; 1998; now part of NHANESNationally representative survey of dietary intake. Respondents were asked to provide 2 to 3 days of food intake data. CSFII is now incorporated into NHANES.
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
CDCPreviously conducted periodically, now continuous surveyOngoing nationally representative survey assessing the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States through interviews and direct physical examinations. Currently, in partnership with USDA, NHANES incorporates the CSFII.
National Household Travel Survey
BTS and FHWA2001Survey of long-distance and local travel by the American public. The survey information includes mode of transportation, duration, distance and purpose of trip. Prior related surveys include the Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey conducted in 1969, 1977, 1983, 1990, and 1995 and the American Travel Survey conducted in 1977 and 1995.
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent HealthNICHD1994, 1996, and 2001-2002Nationally representative study that explores health-related behaviors by following a sample of adolescents who were in grades 7 through 12 in 1994-1995 into young adulthood.
National Longitudinal Survey of Youth
BLSAnnual interviewsNationally representative study of youths who were 12 to 16 years old in 1996. Initial interviews were with the youth and one parent. Subsequent annual interviews with the youth. Topics range from education and employment to health issues and time use.
Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System
CDCCompiled from ongoing reportsProgram-based surveillance system that examines nutritional status of children in low-income households. The system uses data collected from health, nutrition, and food assistance programs for infants and children, such as WIC.
School Health Policies and Programs Study
CDC1994 and 2000; to be conducted in 2006Periodic collection of information on school health-related policies and programs at the state, district, school, and classroom levels.
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
CDC1991-present; every 2 yearsMonitors health risk behavior in adolescents through national, state, and local school-based surveys of representative samples of 9th through 12th grade students.

NOTE: BLS = Bureau of Labor Statistics; BTS = Bureau of Transportation Statistics; CDC = Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; CSFII = Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals; FHWA = Federal Highway Administration; NICHD = National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; USDA = U.S. Department of Agriculture.

From: 4, A National Public Health Priority

Cover of Preventing Childhood Obesity
Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance.
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Prevention of Obesity in Children and Youth; Koplan JP, Liverman CT, Kraak VI, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2005.
Copyright © 2005, National Academy of Sciences.

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