Box 102Titles not in English

  • Translate non-English titles of contributions that are journal articles into English regardless of the original language. Place the translation in square brackets.
    • Piccot-Crezollet C, Casamatta JM, Lepage OM. [Digital semiological anesthesia in horses: technique and elements of interpretation]. Can Vet J. 2005 Sep [cited 2007 Mar 9];46(9):807-13. In: Agricola [Internet]. Beltsville (MD): National Agricultural Library (US). [date unknown] -   . [about 3 screens]. Available from: http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/cgibin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&CNT=20&CMD=horse&SL=Submit&DATE=2000&DTBL=G%7C&LANG= FRE%7C&STARTDB=AGRIDB Call No.: 41.8 R3224. French.
    • Kukushkina MN, Korovin SI. [Cases of primary multiple metachronous skin melanoma]. Lik Sprava. 2006 Oct-Nov [cited 2007 Mar 13];(7):29-31. In: PubMed [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). [1950] -   . [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=17312883&query_hl=1&itool=pubmed_DocSum PMID: 17312883. Russian.
  • For non-English titles of contributions in the roman alphabet (primarily European languages, such as French, German, Spanish, Italian, Swedish, etc.) that are not journal articles, provide them in the original language
    • Loyber I, Varela SB. Bases neurofisiologicas del dolor: dolor referido. Cordoba (Argentina): Universitas; c2002 [cited 2007 Mar 9]. 94 p. In: LocatorPlus [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). [date unknown] -   . [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://locatorplusv2.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?Search_Arg=101178678&Search_Code=
      FT*&PID=t@ODl%3COIo@ODm@%3EHs@%3EIm@NIo@%3F%3C&
      SEQ=20070312150312&CNT=25&HIST=1 NLM Unique ID: 101178678. Spanish.
  • For non-English titles of contributions in Cyrillic, Greek, Arabic, or Hebrew that are not journal articles, romanize (write in the roman alphabet) them. A good authority for romanization is the ALA-LC Romanization Tables.
    • Tsimmerman IA S. Diagnostika i kompleksnoe lechenie osnovnykh gastroenterologicheskikh zabolevanii: klinicheskie ocherki.
  • For non-English titles of contributions in character-based languages (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) that are not journal articles, romanize (write in the roman alphabet) or translate them. Place translated titles in square brackets.
    • Katsunori K. Anrakushi to keiho.
    • or
    • Katsunori K. [Euthanasia and criminal law].
  • Ignore diacritics, accents, and special characters in titles. This rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications.
    • Treat letters marked with diacritics or accents as if they are not marked
      • Å   treated as   A
      • Ø   treated as   O
      • Ç   treated as   C
      • Ł   treated as   L
      • à   treated as   a
      • ĝ   treated as   g
      • ñ   treated as   n
      • ü   treated as   u
    • Treat two or more letters printed as a unit (ligated letters) as if they are two letters
      • æ   treated as   ae
      • œ   treated as   oe
  • Capitalize only the first word of the title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms unless the conventions of a particular language require other capitalization
    • Schmitz M. Psychopharmaka: Grundlagen, Standardtherapien und neue Konzepte.
  • When possible, provide the original language or romanized title for journal articles before the English translation; for all other titles provide an English translation after the original language title. Place all translations in square brackets.
    • Piccot-Crezollet C, Casamatta JM, Lepage OM. Anesthesies semiologiques digitales chez le cheval: technique et elements d'interpretation [Digital semiological anesthesia in horses: technique and elements of interpretation]. Can Vet J. 2005 Sep [cited 2007 Mar 9];46(9):807-13. In: Agricola [Internet]. Beltsville (MD): National Agricultural Library (US). [date unknown] -   . [about 3 screens]. Available from: http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&CNT=
      20&CMD=horse&SL=Submit&DATE=2000&DTBL=G%7C&LANG=
      FRE%7C&STARTDB=AGRIDB French .
    • Loyber I, Varela SB. Bases neurofisiologicas del dolor: dolor referido [Neurophysiological basis of pain: referred pain]. Cordoba (Argentina): Universitas; c2002. 94 p. In: LocatorPlus [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). [date unknown] -   . [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://locatorplusv2.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?Search_Arg=101178678
      &Search_Code=FT*&PID=t@ODl%3COIo@ODm@%3EHs@%3EIm@NIo@%3 F%3C&SEQ=
      20070312150312&CNT=25&HIST=1 NLM Unique ID: 101178678. Spanish.

From: Chapter 24, Databases/Retrieval Systems on the Internet

Cover of Citing Medicine
Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.
Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor.
Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

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