Box 21No title can be found

Occasionally a publication does not appear to have any title; the book or other short document simply begins with the text. When this occurs:

  • Construct a title from the first few words of the text
  • Use enough words to make the constructed title meaningful
  • Place the constructed title in square brackets
    • Tracey E, Lange R. [Podcast for week of November 6, 2006] [Internet]. Baltimore (MD): Johns Hopkins Medicine; 2006 Nov 6 [cited 2006 Nov 7]. Podcast: 10 min. Available from:

From: Chapter 22, Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet

Cover of Citing Medicine
Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.
Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor.
Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

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