• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information

Box 101Organization as author

An organization such as a university, society, association, corporation, or government body may be an author.

  • Omit "The" preceding an organizational name
    • The American Cancer Society   becomes   American Cancer Society
  • If a division or another part of an organization is included in the publication, give the parts of the name in descending hierarchical order, separated by commas
    • American Medical Association, Committee on Ethics.
    • International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry Division.
    • American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma, Ad Hoc Subcommittee on Outcomes, Working Group.
  • When citing organizations that are national bodies such as government agencies, if a nationality is not part of the name, place the country in parentheses after the name, using the two-letter ISO country code (see Appendix D)
    • National Academy of Sciences (US).
    • Royal Marsden Hospital (GB).
  • For names of organizations in languages other than English:
    • Give names in languages using the roman alphabet (primarily European languages, such as French, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, etc.) as they appear in the publication. Follow a non-English name with a translation when possible. Place all translations in square brackets.
      • Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica del CNR.
      • Universitatsmedizin Berlin.
      • Nordisk Anaestesiologisk Forening [Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiologists].
    • Romanize (write in the roman alphabet) or translate names of organizations in Cyrillic, Greek, Arabic, or Hebrew. A good authority for romanization is the ALA-LC Romanization Tables. Follow a non-English name with a translation when possible. Place all translations in square brackets.
      • Rossiiskoe Respiratornoe Obshchestvo [Russian Respiratory Society].
      • or
      • [Russian Respiratory Society].
    • Translate names of organizations in character-based languages such as Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Place all translations in square brackets.
      • [Chinese Medical Society].
    • Ignore diacritics, accents, and special characters in names. This rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications.
      • Treat letters marked with diacritics or accents as if they are not marked
        • Å   treated as   A
        • Ø   treated as   O
        • Ç   treated as   C
        • Ł   treated as   L
        • à   treated as   a
        • ĝ   treated as   g
        • ñ   treated as   n
        • ü   treated as   u
      • Treat two or more letters printed as a unit (ligated letters) as if they are two letters
        • æ   treated as   ae
        • œ   treated as   oe

From: Chapter 26, Electronic Mail and Discussion Forums

Cover of Citing Medicine
Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.
Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor.
Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.