Box 2Other surname rules

  • Keep prefixes in surnames
    • Lama Al Bassit   becomes   Al Bassit, Lama
    • Jiddeke M. van de Kamp   becomes   van de Kamp, Jiddeke M.
    • Gerard de Pouvourville   becomes   de Pouvourville, Gerard
  • Keep compound surnames even if no hyphen appears
    • Sergio Lopez Moreno   becomes   Lopez Moreno, Sergio
    • Jaime Mier y Teran   becomes   Mier y Teran, Jaime
    • Virginie Halley des Fontaines   becomes   Halley des Fontaines, Virginie
  • Ignore diacritics, accents, and special characters in names. This rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications.
    • Treat letters marked with diacritics or accents as if they are not marked
      • Å   treated as   A
      • Ø   treated as   O
      • Ç   treated as   C
      • Ł   treated as   L
      • à   treated as   a
      • ĝ   treated as   g
      • ñ   treated as   n
      • ü   treated as   u
    • Treat two or more letters printed as a unit (ligated letters) as if they are two letters
      • æ   treated as   ae
      • œ   treated as   oe

From: Chapter 14, Manuscripts

Cover of Citing Medicine
Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.
Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor.
Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

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