Box 47Options for date of publication

It is not NLM policy, but the following is an acceptable option:

The date of publication may follow the author names (or title if there are no authors) in the list of references when the name-year system of in-text references is used.

  • Use the year of publication only
  • Place the year after the last named author (or after the title if there is no author), followed by a period
  • End publisher information with a period
    NLM citation:
    • Heizer WD, Semrad CE, Sweeting JG. Clinical nutrition I [slide]. Bethesda (MD): American Gastroenterological Association; c2000. 117 slides: color, 2 x 2 in.
    • Collaborative research with communities: value added & challenges faced [videocassette]. Washington: Public Health Foundation; 2006. 1 videocassette: 103 min., sound, color, 1/2 in.
    Name-year system of citation:
    • Heizer WD, Semrad CE, Sweeting JG. c2000. Clinical nutrition I [slide]. Bethesda (MD): American Gastroenterological Association. 117 slides: color, 2 x 2 in.
    • Collaborative research with communities: value added & challenges faced [videocassette]. 2006. Washington: Public Health Foundation. 1 videocassette: 103 min., sound, color, 1/2 in.

From: Chapter 15, Books and Other Individual Titles in Audiovisual Formats

Cover of Citing Medicine
Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.
Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor.
Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

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