Box 53Titles not in English

Because the title of a collection is assigned by the library or other archive housing the collection, the title will be in the language of the country where the library or archive is located, regardless of the language of the materials contained in the collection.

To cite a collection in a non-English speaking country:

  • Provide the title in the original language for non-English titles found in the roman alphabet (primarily European languages, such as French, German, Spanish, Italian, Swedish, etc.)
  • Romanize (write in the roman alphabet) titles in Cyrillic, Greek, Arabic, or Hebrew. A good authority for romanization is the ALA-LC Romanization Tables.
  • Romanize or translate titles in character-based languages (Chinese, Japanese, Korean). Place translated titles in square brackets.
  • Ignore diacritics, accents, and special characters in titles. This rule ignores some conventions used in non-English languages to simplify rules for English-language publications.
    • Treat letters marked with diacritics or accents as if they are not marked
      • Å   treated as   A
      • Ø   treated as   O
      • Ç   treated as   C
      • Ł   treated as   L
      • à   treated as   a
      • ĝ   treated as   g
      • ñ   treated as   n
      • ü   treated as   u
    • Treat two or more letters printed as a unit (ligated letters) as if they are two letters
      • æ   treated as   ae
      • œ   treated as   oe
  • Capitalize only the first word of the title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms unless the conventions of a particular language require other capitalization
  • Provide an English translation after the original language title whenever possible; place translations in square brackets

From: Chapter 17, Prints and Photographs

Cover of Citing Medicine
Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.
Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor.
Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

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