Box 1Surnames with hyphens and other punctuation in them

  • Keep hyphens in surnames
    • Estelle Palmer-Canton;   becomes   Palmer-Canton E
    • Ahmed El-Assmy;   becomes   El-Assmy A
  • Keep particles, such as O', D', and L'
    • Alan D. O'Brien;   becomes   O'Brien AD
    • James O. L'Esperance;   becomes   L'Esperance JO
    • U. S'adeh;   becomes   S'adeh U
  • Omit all other punctuation in surnames
    • Charles A. St. James;   becomes   St James CA

From: Chapter 17, Prints and Photographs

Cover of Citing Medicine
Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition.
Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor.
Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.