Levels of proof of efficacy of three psychotherapeutic approaches examined in the adult*

Efficacy Proven (1) or Presumed (2)
Schizophrenia (acute phase) with medical drugsFamily psychoeducational therapy on 2-year relapse rates (1)
CBT approach (2)
Schizophrenia (stabilised, followed upon outpatient basis) with medical drugsFamily psychoeducational approach (1)
CBT approach (social skills acquisition, emotion management) (1)
Depression, hospitalised on antidepressantsCBT approach (1)
Bipolar disorder with medical drugsFamily psychoeducation approach (marital) and CBT approach (2)
Moderate depressionCBT approach (1)
Panic disorderCBT approach (1)
Brief psychodynamic approach with antidepressants (2)
Post-traumatic stressCBT approach (of which EMDR) (1)
Brief psychodynamic approach (2)
Anxiety disorders (GAD, OCD, phobias)CBT approach (1)
BulimiaCBT approach (1)
AnorexiaFamily therapies in young patients (2)
CBT approach for prevention of relapses (2)
Personality disordersPsychodynamic approach (1)
CBT approach (1)
Alcohol dependencyFamily therapy and CBT approach in maintenance of abstinence (1)

CBT, cognitive-behavioural therapy; EMDR, eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing.

* See previous tables for levels of proof of the therapies applied to children.

From: Psychotherapy: Three approaches evaluated

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