Table 68Summary of study characteristics for counselling

Counselling versus controlCounselling versus other active intervention
K (total N)1 RCT (N = 80)5 RCT (N = 590)
Study ID
Diagnosis
  1. DSM alcohol dependent
  1. Not reported
  2. ICD–10 alcohol dependent
  3. DSM alcohol dependent/abuse
  4. Not reported
  5. DSM alcohol dependent
Baseline severity
  1. Unequivocal heavy drinking six or more times in 6-month follow-up period: 90.2%
1.

Previous alcoholism inpatient status: 66.7%

3.

Drinking days 6 months prior to intake: 72%

4.

MAST score: >7

5.

Unequivocal heavy drinking 6+ times in 6-month follow-up period: 90.2%

Number of sessions4 sessionsRange: 8 to 26 sessions
Length of treatment6 weeksRange: 3 to 26 weeks
Length of follow-up (only including papers reporting follow-up measures)6 months and 5 yearsRange: 2 months to 5 years
Setting
  1. Outpatient treatment centre
1–2.

Inpatient

3.

Outpatient research unit

4–5.

Outpatient treatment centre

Treatment goal
  1. Not explicitly stated
  1. Drinking reduction/moderation
  2. Abstinence
  3. Not explicitly stated
  4. Abstinence
  5. Not explicitly stated
Country
  1. New Zealand
1.

Norway

2.

Germany

3–4.

US

5.

New Zealand

From: 6, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL INTERVENTIONS

Cover of Alcohol-Use Disorders
Alcohol-Use Disorders: Diagnosis, Assessment and Management of Harmful Drinking and Alcohol Dependence.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 115.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2011.
Copyright © 2011, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

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