Table 8. Biochemical manifestations of renal osteodystrophya

HypocalcemiaHypercalcemia
HypophosphatemiaHyperphosphatemia
Raised alkaline phosphataseRaised serum iPTH
Reduced plasma calcitriolRaised bone aluminum
Raised GLA proteinb Hypermagnesemia

a Adapted from reference no. 143.

b Osteocalcin.

Abbreviations: GLA = gamma linolenic acid; iPTH = immunoreactive parathyroid hormone.

From: Bone Densitometry: Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease

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