TABLE 12-2Summary of Data on Geographic Variation in Mortality in Five Countries and Across Countries of Western Europe

In 2000:
CountryGeographic DivisionNumber of SubunitsDate Range of Data Used HerePopulation (Millions)Surface Area, sq km (1,000s)Average Population (1,000s)Average Area, sq km (1,000s)
CanadaProvinces101921-2005319,9713,100997
FranceDepartments91-961922-1999595526146
GermanyStates + Berlin16-171990-2007823575,12522
JapanPrefectures46-471965-20051253782,6608
United StatesStates + DC49-511940-20002829,6295,529189
counties20681961-20032829,6291365
Western EuropeMostly countries17-191950-20053623,47019,053183

NOTES: Many of the 3,141 counties in the United States are too small for reliable estimation of mortality. The 2,068 “counties” used here consist of 1,439 individual counties and 629 merged county units (thus, an average of 2.7 counties per merged unit).

Western Europe is not a country but rather a statistical conglomeration that consists of the following countries and subnational areas: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, England and Wales, Finland, France, Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and West Germany. All data are from the Human Mortality Database (see http://www​.mortality.org [accessed July 26, 2009]). Data for 1950 are unavailable for West Germany and Luxembourg.

Some data used here refer to multiyear time periods. Such information is identified here by the middle year of the time period. For a more complete description of data and sources, see Annex A.

SOURCE: For population size, data from the Human Mortality Database (see http://www​.mortality.org [accessed July 2009]); for surface area, data from the Demographic Yearbook 2000 (see http://unstats​.un.org [accessed July 2009]).

From: 12, Geographic Differences in Life Expectancy at Age 50 in the United States Compared with Other High-Income Countries

Cover of International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages
International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages: Dimensions and Sources.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries; Crimmins EM, Preston SH, Cohen B, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2010.
Copyright © 2010, National Academy of Sciences.

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