TABLE 3-3Self-Reported Prevalence of High Cholesterol, Measured Level of High Cholesterol, and Ratios to U.S. Level

CountryMenWomenMenWomen
%Ratio/U.S.%Ratio/U.S.%Ratio/U.S.%Ratio/U.S.
Self-Reported High Cholesterol
Ages 50+Ages 65+
United States48.21.0049.01.0049.31.0042.71.00
Denmark17.10.3513.60.2821.20.4315.40.36
France23.70.4922.50.4623.70.4826.30.62
Italy18.50.3820.50.4219.80.4020.50.48
Netherlands16.30.3413.40.2715.30.3114.90.35
Spain22.50.4724.90.5121.30.4328.20.66
Australia23.80.4921.60.4416.30.3316.60.89
Measured Prevalence of High Cholesterol (240mg/dL)a
Ages 50-64Ages 65+
United States19.71.0026.71.0010.11.0023.21.00
Netherlands23.81.2128.31.0615.51.5332.21.39
Spain24.31.2332.81.23
England38.71.9651.21.9224.22.4048.02.07
Japan14.40.7328.61.0710.71.0615.70.68
Canada27.81.4128.61.0725.02.4844.01.90
a

Many values estimated for age groups from the original data. The definition of measured high cholesterol in the Netherlands (≥250mg/dL); England ages 52-64; Canada ages 65-74. Data collection year for measured high cholesterol: United States (2001-2006), the Netherlands (2001), Spain-subnational (1992), England (2004), Japan (2004), and Canada (1990).

SOURCE: Data on self-reported high cholesterol: from NHANES (2001-2006) for the United States; from SHARE (2004) for Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, and Spain; and from AIHW (2006) and NHS (2004-2005) for Australia. Data on measured high cholesterol: from NHANES (2001-2006) for the United States; from ELSA (2004) for England; from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan (2006) and NHNS (2004) for Japan; and from the WHO Global InfoBase for the Netherlands, Spain, and Canada.

From: 3, Are International Differences in Health Similar to International Differences in Life Expectancy?

Cover of International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages
International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages: Dimensions and Sources.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries; Crimmins EM, Preston SH, Cohen B, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2010.
Copyright © 2010, National Academy of Sciences.

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