TABLE 3-2Prevalence of Self-Reported Disease in the 50+ and 65+ Populations

CountryAges 50+Ages 65+
MenWomenMenWomen
%Ratio/U.S.%Ratio/U.S.%Ratio/U.S.%Ratio/U.S.
(a) Heart Disease
United States28.41.0022.11.0036.41.0028.01.00
Denmark9.90.357.80.3515.90.4413.00.46
France18.50.6510.80.4928.80.7916.30.58
Italy12.40.4410.10.4618.70.5114.30.51
Netherlands13.60.488.80.4021.70.6012.90.46
Spain11.30.40110.5015.10.4115.50.55
England23.00.8119.00.8632.20.8826.40.94
JapanNANANANA14.40.4012.20.44
Canada13.80.4910.70.4821.80.6018.10.65
(b) Stroke
United States7.31.006.41.009.41.008.61.00
Denmark6.00.824.90.779.91.057.30.85
France3.50.483.80.595.50.595.80.67
Italy3.70.512.70.425.80.624.00.47
Netherlands4.40.604.80.757.10.767.80.91
Spain2.40.331.90.302.90.312.80.33
England4.90.674.00.638.20.876.40.74
JapanNANANANA9.30.996.00.70
Canada2.80.382.40.385.20.553.90.45
(c) Diabetes
United States19.51.0016.51.0021.41.0017.61.00
Denmark8.20.426.80.4111.10.528.70.49
France10.90.568.60.5213.00.6110.80.61
Italy12.80.6611.40.6917.60.8215.70.89
Netherlands7.80.409.20.5610.60.5012.20.69
Spain15.30.7813.90.8420.40.9517.10.97
England8.60.446.20.3811.20.528.00.45
JapanNANANANA10.10.477.50.43
Canada11.90.619.10.5515.60.7311.90.68
Australia16.20.7611.50.65

NOTE: ADL = activities of daily living. NA = not available.

SOURCE: Data on self-reported diseases from HRS (2004) for the United States; from ELSA (2002) for England; from SHARE (2004) for Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, and Spain; for NUJLSOA (2003) for Japan; from CCHS (2003) for Canada; and from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (2006a) [http://www​.abs.gov.au/ausstats, accessed December 5, 2009] and NHS (2004-2005) for Australia.

From: 3, Are International Differences in Health Similar to International Differences in Life Expectancy?

Cover of International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages
International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages: Dimensions and Sources.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries; Crimmins EM, Preston SH, Cohen B, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2010.
Copyright © 2010, National Academy of Sciences.

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