TABLE 2A-8Cause-of-Death Contributions to Gap in e50 in 2004*

Excluding DNK and NLD
AUSCANDNKESPFRAGBRITAJPNNLDMeanaCompositebMeanaCompositeb
Females
Cardiovascular diseases0.70.90.10.81.60.10.11.80.40.71.00.91.0
 Heart diseases0.90.80.50.91.40.60.41.90.60.91.11.01.1
 Cerebrovascular & other circulatory diseases−0.10.1−0.4−0.10.2−0.5−0.3−0.1−0.2−0.2−0.1−0.1−0.1
Cancers0.3−0.2−0.90.80.5−0.20.30.8−0.30.10.40.30.4
 Lung cancer0.40.0−0.10.60.60.20.50.60.20.30.40.40.5
 Other smoking-related cancers0.00.0−0.20.10.0−0.10.00.1−0.10.00.00.00.0
 Breast cancer0.00.0−0.20.1−0.1−0.10.00.3−0.10.00.10.00.1
 Other cancers−0.1−0.1−0.40.0−0.1−0.2−0.3−0.1−0.3−0.2−0.1−0.1−0.1
Respiratory diseases0.30.3−0.20.40.7−0.20.60.30.20.30.30.30.3
Mental disorders/nervous system/sense organs0.20.00.00.10.10.10.30.8−0.10.20.30.20.3
Ill-defined causes0.10.0−0.4−0.1−0.4−0.10.0−0.2−0.3−0.2−0.1−0.1−0.1
Other remaining causes0.60.30.00.40.40.40.40.80.30.40.50.50.5
 External causes0.10.00.00.1−0.10.10.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
 Infectious diseases0.10.10.10.10.10.10.20.10.10.10.10.10.1
 Diabetes mellitus0.10.10.10.10.20.20.00.30.10.10.20.10.2
 Digestive diseases0.10.0−0.20.00.0−0.20.00.1−0.10.00.00.00.0
 Genitourinary diseases0.10.10.10.10.20.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.1
 All else0.00.00.00.10.00.10.10.20.10.00.10.10.1
Total gap in e502.21.4−1.32.32.80.11.64.30.31.52.42.12.5
Males
Cardiovascular diseases0.90.80.00.91.2−0.10.31.50.30.70.90.80.9
 Heart diseases1.00.80.51.11.30.40.61.90.60.91.11.01.2
 Cerebrovascular & other circulatory diseases−0.10.0−0.5−0.20.0−0.4−0.4−0.4−0.3−0.2−0.3−0.2−0.3
Cancers0.0−0.1−0.7−0.5−0.7−0.2−0.6−0.3−0.6−0.4−0.4−0.3−0.4
 Lung cancer0.30.10.00.00.00.20.00.3−0.10.10.10.10.1
 Other smoking-related cancers0.00.0−0.2−0.2−0.2−0.1−0.10.0−0.1−0.1−0.1−0.1−0.1
 Prostate cancer−0.10.0−0.20.0−0.1−0.10.00.1−0.10.00.00.00.0
 Other cancers−0.2−0.2−0.3−0.3−0.5−0.2−0.5−0.6−0.2−0.3−0.4−0.4−0.4
Respiratory diseases0.30.20.0−0.10.4−0.20.3−0.20.00.10.00.10.0
Mental disorders/nervous system/sense organs0.20.0−0.20.10.00.10.20.40.00.10.20.10.2
Ill-defined causes0.00.0−0.4−0.1−0.40.00.0−0.1−0.3−0.1−0.1−0.1−0.1
Other remaining causes0.60.40.10.30.20.70.50.40.50.40.40.40.4
 External causes0.20.10.10.1−0.10.20.1−0.10.20.10.00.10.0
 Infectious diseases0.20.10.10.10.10.20.20.10.10.10.10.10.1
 Diabetes mellitus0.10.00.00.20.20.20.10.20.10.10.20.10.2
 Digestive diseases0.10.0−0.2−0.2−0.1−0.10.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
 Genitourinary diseases0.10.10.00.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.10.1
 All else0.00.00.00.10.00.10.10.10.10.00.10.00.1
Total gap in e502.11.3−1.20.60.70.30.61.9−0.10.71.01.11.1

NOTE: AUS = Australia, CAN = Canada, DNK = Denmark, ESP = Spain, FRA = France, GBR = United Kingdom, ITA = Italy, JPN = Japan, NLD = the Netherlands.

*

Based on data from 2003 for Italy.

a

Based on the simple mean across countries.

b

Data for various countries are aggregated before calculating death rates; thus, the results represent a weighted mean.

SOURCES: Calculations by authors based on data from the Human Mortality Database and the World Health Organization Mortality Database.

Based on data from 2003 for Italy.

Based on the simple mean across countries.

Data for various countries are aggregated before calculating death rates; thus, the results represent a weighted mean.

From: 2, Diverging Trends in Life Expectancy at Age 50: A Look at Causes of Death

Cover of International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages
International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages: Dimensions and Sources.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries; Crimmins EM, Preston SH, Cohen B, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2010.
Copyright © 2010, National Academy of Sciences.

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