TABLE 3-1Foodborne Pathogens in the United States

BacteriaViruses
Bacillus cereusNorovirus*
BrucellaRotavirus*
Campylobacter*Astrovirus*
Clostridium botulinumHepatitis A
Clostridium perfringens*
Enterobacter sakazakii*Parasites
E. coli O157:H7*Anisakis
E. coli non-O157 STEC*Cryptosporidium*
E. coli other diarrheogenic*Cyclospora*
Mycobacterium bovisGiardia lamblia*
Salmonella TyphiToxoplasma*
Salmonella nontyphoidalTrichinella
Shigella
Staphylococcus aureusPrions
StreptococcusBovine encephalopathy agent*
Vibrio cholerae, toxigenic (O1 and O139)*
Vibrio vulnificus*
Vibrio parahaemolyticus*
Yersinia enterocolitica*

NOTE: Pathogens characterized as foodborne within the last 30 years are indicated with an asterisk.

SOURCE: Tauxe (2005); Adapted from Tauxe (2002).

From: 3, Investigating Foodborne Threats

Cover of Addressing Foodborne Threats to Health
Addressing Foodborne Threats to Health: Policies, Practices, and Global Coordination: Workshop Summary.
Institute of Medicine (US) Forum on Microbial Threats.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2006.
Copyright © 2006, National Academy of Sciences.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.