This chart shows the percentage of behavioral and social sciences doctorates by citizenship and race/ethnicity. In 1973 about 3% of the doctorates were awarded to minorities and by 2007 that proportion increased to almost 18%. The percentage of doctorates with temporary visas in 1979 was 4.5% and rose to 8.4% in 1991. From that year it declined to 6.2% in 1999, but again rose to 9.7% in 2007.

FIGURE 4-6Percentage of the behavioral and social sciences doctorates by citizenship and race/ethnicity

SOURCE: NSF. 2008. Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2008. Washington, DC: NSF.

From: 4, Behavioral and Social Sciences Research

Cover of Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences
Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences.
National Research Council (US) Committee to Study the National Needs for Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Personnel.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011.
Copyright © 2011, National Academy of Sciences.

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