TABLE F-6Employment Characteristics of Clinical Doctorates from U.S. Institutions, 1973–2006

19731975197719791981198319851987198919911993199519971999200120032006
Total employed in S&E2,6823,4753,7484,4895,3126,0037,1887,6698,9919,25110,74811,99614,06915,26817,18016,55019,750
100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%
Minority1051531632032082503073425336147668991,1131,3571,4971,0571,330
3.9%4.4%4.3%4.5%3.9%4.2%4.3%4.5%5.9%6.6%7.1%7.5%7.9%8.9%8.7%6.4%6.7%
Citizens and permanent residents2,4623,2363,4544,1054,9145,6686,7767,6148,5228,72610,14211,25313,12813,93016,82216,00519,036
91.8%93.1%92.2%91.4%92.5%94.4%94.3%99.3%94.8%94.3%94.4%93.8%93.3%91.2%97.9%96.7%96.4%
Temporary residents6983861334487955726517558194335358545714
2.6%2.4%2.3%3.0%0.8%0.1%1.1%0.7%0.8%0.7%1.6%0.5%1.4%2.2%2.1%3.3%3.6%
Total academics1,4781,8562,0642,5642,9633,2253,9384,1644,9594,7065,8276,6847,6098,8559,73010,03711,856
55.1%53.4%55.1%57.1%55.8%53.7%54.8%54.3%55.2%50.9%54.2%55.7%54.1%58.0%56.6%60.6%60.0%
Faculty with rank appointments1,3591,6711,8522,2592,6422,9223,4133,6754,3714,0775,0845,7056,3257,3748,1248,53610,084
50.7%48.1%49.4%50.3%49.7%48.7%47.5%47.9%48.6%44.1%47.3%47.6%45.0%48.3%47.3%51.6%51.1%
Tenured faculty2769311,0311,2711,4241,5161,9681,9602,1911,8902,3412,7703,0813,5073,6473,6293,989
10.3%26.8%27.5%28.3%26.8%25.3%27.4%25.6%24.4%20.4%21.8%23.1%21.9%23.0%21.2%21.9%20.2%
Tenure-track faculty (not tenured)1,0836847435657809211,0029311,3371,4261,7841,9881,8782,1382,3842,5053,371
40.4%19.7%19.8%12.6%14.7%15.3%13.9%12.1%14.9%15.4%16.6%16.6%13.3%14.0%13.9%15.1%17.1%
Academic postdoctorates4010710810513910017790152116144342416324321349516
1.5%3.1%2.9%2.3%2.6%1.7%2.5%1.2%1.7%1.3%1.3%2.9%3.0%2.1%1.9%2.1%2.6%
Other academic appointments79781042311822033483994365135996378681,1571,2851,3131,514
2.9%2.2%2.8%5.1%3.4%3.4%4.8%5.2%4.8%5.5%5.6%5.3%6.2%7.6%7.5%7.9%7.7%
Industry (non-postdoctorate)5367397339921,2591,4851,7931,9402,3072,5642,8692,9233,5683,7314,4134,2585,088
20.0%21.3%19.6%22.1%23.7%24.7%24.9%25.3%25.7%27.7%26.7%24.4%25.4%24.4%25.7%25.7%25.8%
Industrial postdoctorates0000085143441749102127198
0.0%0.0%0.0%0.0%0.0%0.1%0.1%0.2%0.0%0.0%0.0%0.1%0.3%0.1%0.1%0.2%1.0%
Government (non-postdoctorate)3834914624465275856897459161,0641,1441,3091,4671,2501,6041,5131,917
14.3%14.1%12.3%9.9%9.9%9.7%9.6%9.7%10.2%11.5%10.6%10.9%10.4%8.2%9.3%9.1%9.7%
Government postdoctorates5981135341482166710147503074156
0.2%0.3%0.2%0.2%0.7%0.6%0.2%0.1%0.0%0.2%0.6%0.8%0.3%0.3%0.2%0.4%0.8%
Other sectors2803804554365016457497607788478379621,3291,3721,339641535
10.4%10.9%12.1%9.7%9.4%10.7%10.4%9.9%8.7%9.2%7.8%8.0%9.4%9.0%7.8%3.9%2.7%
Doctorates w/ fed. research support1,4161,8041,8362,0412,1792,4162,3073,2753,9514,1253,0163,3233,8495,1725,8226,1927,551
52.8%51.9%49.0%45.5%41.0%40.2%32.1%42.7%43.9%44.6%28.1%27.7%27.4%33.9%33.9%37.4%38.2%

SOURCE: NSF. Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1973–2006. Washington, DC: NSF.

From: Appendix F, Characteristics of Doctorates

Cover of Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences
Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences.
National Research Council (US) Committee to Study the National Needs for Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Personnel.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011.
Copyright © 2011, National Academy of Sciences.

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