Table 1.18Low Back Pain – Mobilization – Acute/Sub-acute Specific Pain

Author ID CountryStudy CharacteristicsPopulation CharacteristicsPain CharacteristicsIntervention DetailOutcome results: Pain, DisabilityOutcome results: Other Outcomes/Harms
Wreje U (1992)142

Country: Sweden

Quality score: 4/13

Initial of reviewer: SG
Trial Design-RCT

Tx duration: 3 wks
Final assessments: immediately post tx

N screened: 46
N randomized: 39
N completed tx: 32
N attended last fu: NR

Inclusion: LBP due to pelvic joint dysfunction (positive test results on the following: asymmetry of the pelvis, movement, and provoked pain)

Exclusion: Pregnancy, pain duration > 3 mo, malignancy, neurological disease, lumbar spine pathology
Mean age (SD/range): IG = 31.9 vs. CG = 31.4 yrs

% of male: 0

Racial composition: NR

Work status: NR

Other socio-demographics: NR

Co morbidities: NR

Prior episode of pain if acute: NR

Prior CAM intervention: NR

Prior surgery related to current complaint: None
Cause of Pain: Pelvic joint dysfunction

Duration of Pain: Acute, NR

Severity of pain (Grading): NR

IG (n = 18) – SM: MET and segmental Mob by Kubis, based on pts clinical picture, techniques were combined with stretching of the paracoccygeal ligaments per rectum by putting little pressure on coccyx in dorsal direction; 3 wks
Drop outs: n =7(total)

CG (n = 21) – Sham-SM: manual transverse frictions on the gluteus medius muscles for three minutes; as IG
Drop outs:
Outcome instruments:
Pain: VAS [no numerical data]

Disability: NA


Immediate post tx:
Pain: ---
Disability: NA

Short term: NR

Intermediate: NR

Long term: NR
Outcome instruments:
QoL/ well being: NR

Immediate post tx: NA

Short term: NR

Intermediate: NR

Long term: NR

Harms: NR

Summary: The use of analgesics was higher in the CG compared to IG (p < 0.05) over 3 wks; there was no between group difference in pain

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables

Cover of Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Back Pain II
Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Back Pain II.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 194.
Furlan AD, Yazdi F, Tsertsvadze A, et al.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.