Table 1Top 20 most expensive conditions treated in U.S. hospitals, 2006

RankPrincipal DiagnosisTotal national hospital bill (millions)Percentage of national billNumber of hospital stays (thousands)
1Coronary artery disease$52,6245.6%1,198
2Mother’s pregnancy and delivery$47,8005.1%4,791
3Newborn infants$38,1844.0%4,456
4Acute myocardial infarction (AMI, heart attack)$35,1153.7%675
5Congestive heart failure (CHF)$32,7633.5%1,099
6Sepsis$30,3203.2%611
7Osteoarthritis$28,0383.0%735
8Pneumonia$27,5232.9%1,218
9Complication of device, implant or graft$27,4292.9%634
10Respiratory failure, insufficiency, arrest (adult)$23,6682.5%380
11Back pain (spondylosis, intervertebral disc disorders, other back problems)$21,9822.3%636
12Cardiac dysrhythmias$19,8612.1%749
13Acute cerebrovascular disease (stroke)$19,5122.1%537
14Complications of surgical procedures or medical care$14,5531.5%482
15Rehabilitation care, fitting of prostheses, and adjustment of devices$13,5041.4%456
16Diabetes mellitus with complications$12,8441.4%517
17Gall bladder disease$12,8001.4%461
18Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)$11,5721.2%598
19Hip fracture$11,4691.2%307
20Nonspecific chest pain$11,2911.2%857
Total for top 20 conditions$492,85352.2%21,398
Total for all hospitalizations$943,409100.0%39,450

Source: AHRQ, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2006

From: The National Hospital Bill: The Most Expensive Conditions by Payer, 2006

Cover of Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs
Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs [Internet].

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