Table 1Overview of ED visits for children in 23 selected states, 2005

All pediatric ED visitsTreat-and-release ED visits**ED visits resulting in hospital admission
Number of visits (percentage of all ED visits)12,372,300 (100.0%)11,810,800 (95.5%)561,500 (4.5%)
Mean child age6.9 years6.9 years6.5 years
Rates per 1,000 children
 All pediatric ED visits329.1314.114.9
Age
  0–4 years550.3522.627.7
  5–9 years243.5235.18.4
  10–14 years219.3210.58.8
  15–17 years299.4283.915.4
Gender
  Girls314.2300.413.8
  Boys342.6326.616.0
Patient residence*
  Large metropolitan303.4287.715.7
  Small metropolitan341.1327.513.6
  Micropolitan407.4393.214.2
  Non-metropolitan, non-micropolitan386.4372.414.0
Median community-level income*
  Bottom quartile (poorest)413.8394.918.9
  Second quartile355.1340.214.8
  Third quartile298.9285.413.5
  Top quartile (wealthiest)222.3210.911.5
*

A small percentage of ED records that were missing patient residence or median community-level income information were excluded from rate calculations.

**

Among treat-and-release visits, the majority of children were discharged home (97.1%), some left without being treated (1.1%), were transferred to another acute care facility (0.9%), were sent to a long-term care facility (0.8%), were discharged to home health care (0.03%), or died (0.04%).

Source: AHRQ, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), State Emergency Department Databases (SEDD) and State Inpatient Databases (SID) for the following 23 states: Arizona, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Ohio, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, and Wisconsin; Denominator data for rates were based on 2005 Claritas data for the 23 study states.

From: Pediatric Emergency Department Visits in Community Hospitals from Selected States, 2005

Cover of Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs
Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs [Internet].

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