TABLE 4.7Functional Groups in Some Explosive Compounds

Structural FeatureCompound
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Acetylenic compounds
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Metal acetylides
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Haloacetylene derivatives
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Diazo compounds
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Nitroso compounds
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Nitroalkanes, C-nitro and polynitroaryl compounds
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Polynitroalkyl compounds
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Acyl or alkyl nitrites
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Acyl or alkyl nitrates
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Metal fulminates or aci-nitro salts
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Fluorodinitromethyl compounds
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N-Metal derivatives
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N-Nitroso compounds
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N-Nitro compounds
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Azo compounds
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Arenediazo aryl sulfides
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Bis-arenediazo oxides
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Bis-arenediazo sulfides
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Trizazenes (R = H, —CN, -OH, —NO)
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High-nitrogen compounds, tetrazoles
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Peroxides (cyclic, diacyl, dialkyl)
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Metal peroxides, peroxoacid salts
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Aminechromium peroxocomplexes
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Azides (acyl, halogen, nonmetal, organic)
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Diazoniumsulfides and derivatives, “xanthates”
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Hydrazinium salts, oxosalts of nitrogenous bases
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Hydroxylammonium salts
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Diazonium carboxylates or salts
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Aminemetal oxosalts
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Halogen azides,
N-halogen compounds,
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Difluoroamino compounds
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Alkyl perchlorates, chlorite salts, halogen oxides, hypohalites, perchloric acid, perchloryl compounds

SOURCE: Carson and Mumford (2002). Reprinted from Hazardous Chemicals Handbook (Second Edition), Carson, P. and Mumford, C. “Reactive Chemicals”, p. 228, Copyright 2002, with permission from Elsevier.

From: 4, Evaluating Hazards and Assessing Risks in the Laboratory

Cover of Prudent Practices in the Laboratory
Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Management of Chemical Hazards: Updated Version.
National Research Council (US) Committee on Prudent Practices in the Laboratory.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011.
Copyright © 2011, National Academy of Sciences.

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