Table 30Summary study characteristics of RCTs of DBT

Study IDNPopulationStandard DBT or adapted?Length of treatment protocolManualised?Number of sessionsTherapist experienced?ComparatorComparator detailsOther interventions
CARTER unpublished76Borderline personality disorderModified but modification unclear1 year but outcomes taken at 6 monthsYesWeekly (individual and group)Not reportedWaitlistN/A
CLARKIN200490Borderline personality disorderStandard1 yearYesWeekly (individual and group)Yes
  1. Transference- focused psychotherapy
  2. Supportive psychotherapy
  1. Structured 2× weekly sessions
  2. 1 or 2× weekly sessions
Medication as needed
KOONS200128Borderline personality disorder (women veterans)Standard6 monthsYesWeekly (individual and group)YesTAUWeekly individual therapy at discretion of therapist plus supportive/psychoeducational groups
LINEHAN199163Borderline personality disorder and parasuicidalStandard1 yearYesWeekly (individual and group)YesTAUReferral to other therapyMedication tapered off
LINEHAN2006101Borderline personality disorder and self-harmStandard1 yearYesWeekly (individual and group)Community treatment by experts1 session per week; similar to TAU, so treatment uncontrolled, but therapist characteristics controlled for
TURNER200024Borderline personality disorderModified to include psychodynamic techniques and skills training in individual sessions1 yearYesWeekly or twice weekly (between 49 and 84 sessions)Client-centred therapy2× weekly; emphasises patient’s sense of aloneness and provides supportive atmosphere for individuation - 1) increased support during crises, 2) problem assessment, 3) supportive treatment, and 4) terminationDrugs as needed
VAN DEN BOSCH200264Borderline personality disorder (women with/without substance misuse)Standard1 yearYesWeekly (individual and group)TAUOngoing outpatient treatment from original referral source

3-armed trial.


Cover of Borderline Personality Disorder
Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment and Management.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 78.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society; 2009.
Copyright © 2009, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

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