Table 68Cholesterol among persons 20 years of age and over, by selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1988–1994 through 2005–2008

[Data are based on interviews and laboratory data of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]

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Sex, age, race and Hispanic origin 1, and percent of poverty level1988–19941999–20022005–2008
20 years and over, age-adjusted 2Percent of population with high cholesterol (serum total cholesterol greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL or taking cholesterol-lowering medications)3
Both sexes422.825.027.5
Male21.125.327.3
Female24.024.327.5
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male21.126.027.9
 White only, female24.225.128.1
 Black or African American only, male18.620.124.1
 Black or African American only, female23.122.025.3
Mexican male19.921.626.2
Mexican female19.819.325.0
Percent of poverty level: 5
 Below 100%23.025.027.1
 100%–199%22.125.926.3
 200%–399%23.126.528.7
 400% or more21.723.127.5
20 years and over, crude
Both sexes 421.525.028.4
Male19.625.127.7
Female23.224.829.1
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male20.026.829.7
 White only, female24.527.031.2
 Black or African American only, male16.018.522.7
 Black or African American only, female19.719.924.5
Mexican male16.217.021.1
Mexican female14.913.820.6
Percent of poverty level: 5
 Below 100%19.421.623.1
 100%–199%21.325.427.8
 200%–399%21.326.229.8
 400% or more21.924.228.9
Male
20–34 years8.210.410.1
35–44 years21.023.121.5
45–54 years29.634.133.2
55–64 years30.839.143.4
65–74 years27.436.349.5
75 years and over24.429.039.4
Female
20–34 years7.39.19.5
35–44 years13.514.417.0
45–54 years28.227.229.9
55–64 years45.839.250.0
65–74 years46.951.951.8
75 years and over41.244.051.7
20 years and over, age-adjusted 2Percent of population with high serum total cholesterol (greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL) 6
Both sexes 420.817.314.9
Male19.016.413.4
Female22.017.816.0
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male18.816.513.5
 White only, female22.218.116.8
 Black or African American only, male16.912.49.5
 Black or African American only, female21.417.713.2
Mexican male18.517.416.8
Mexican female18.713.813.9
Percent of poverty level: 5
 Below 100%20.618.315.6
 100%–199%20.619.115.0
 200%–399%20.818.916.1
 400% or more19.514.414.0
20 years and over, crude
Both sexes 419.617.315.2
Male17.716.513.8
Female21.318.016.6
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male18.016.914.0
 White only, female22.519.117.8
 Black or African American only, male14.712.29.6
 Black or African American only, female18.216.112.8
Mexican male15.415.015.5
Mexican female14.310.713.0
Percent of poverty level: 5
 Below 100%17.616.414.0
 100%–199%19.818.214.8
 200%–399%19.318.716.0
 400% or more19.915.515.3
Male
20–34 years8.29.89.1
35–44 years19.419.716.0
45–54 years26.623.619.8
55–64 years28.019.916.2
65–74 years21.913.77.9
75 years and over20.410.28.6
Female
20–34 years7.38.98.4
35–44 years12.312.413.7
45–54 years26.721.418.6
55–64 years40.925.627.1
65–74 years41.332.321.8
75 years and over38.226.519.4
20 years and over, age-adjusted2Mean serum total cholesterol level, mg/dL7
Both sexes4206203198
Male204202195
Female207204200
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male205202194
 White only, female208205201
 Black or African American only, male202195190
 Black or African American only, female207202193
Mexican male206204202
Mexican female206199198
Percent of poverty level:5
 Below 100%205201198
 100%–199%205204199
 200%–399%207205197
 400% or more205202197
20 years and over, crude
Both sexes4204203198
Male202202195
Female206204201
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male203203195
 White only, female208206203
 Black or African American only, male198194190
 Black or African American only, female201199193
Mexican male199200201
Mexican female198194196
Percent of poverty level:5
 Below 100%200198196
 100%–199%202202198
 200%–399%205204197
 400% or more206204200
Male
20–34 years186188186
35–44 years206207205
45–54 years216215205
55–64 years216212199
65–74 years212202184
75 years and over205195179
Female
20–34 years184185186
35–44 years195198196
45–54 years217211209
55–64 years235221216
65–74 years233224209
75 years and over229217203
1

Persons of Mexican origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The two non-Hispanic race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, estimates were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

2

Age-adjusted to the 2000 standard population using five age groups: 20–34 years, 35–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, and 65 years and over. Age-adjusted estimates may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

3

High cholesterol is defined as measured serum total cholesterol greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL or reporting taking cholesterol-lowering medications. Respondents were asked, “Are you now following this advice [from a doctor of health professional] to take prescribed medicine [to lower your cholesterol]?”

4

Includes persons of all races and Hispanic origins, not just those shown separately.

5

Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size. Persons with unknown percent of poverty level are excluded (4% in 2005–2008). See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.

6

High serum total cholesterol is defined as greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL (6.20 mmol/L), regardless of whether the respondent reported taking cholesterol-lowering medications.

7

Risk levels for cholesterol have been defined by the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health. September 2002. (Available from: http://www​.nhlbi.nih​.gov/guidelines/cholesterol/index.htm and summarized in JAMA 2001;285(19):2486–97). Serum total cholesterol greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL (6.20 mmol/L) is considered high. Serum total cholesterol greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL and less than 240 mg/dL is considered borderline high.

NOTES: See Appendix II, Cholesterol. Standard errors for selected years are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. Available from: http://www​.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Persons of Mexican origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The two non-Hispanic race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, estimates were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

Age-adjusted to the 2000 standard population using five age groups: 20–34 years, 35–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, and 65 years and over. Age-adjusted estimates may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

High cholesterol is defined as measured serum total cholesterol greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL or reporting taking cholesterol-lowering medications. Respondents were asked, “Are you now following this advice [from a doctor of health professional] to take prescribed medicine [to lower your cholesterol]?”

Includes persons of all races and Hispanic origins, not just those shown separately.

Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size. Persons with unknown percent of poverty level are excluded (4% in 2005–2008). See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.

High serum total cholesterol is defined as greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL (6.20 mmol/L), regardless of whether the respondent reported taking cholesterol-lowering medications.

Risk levels for cholesterol have been defined by the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health. September 2002. (Available from: http://www​.nhlbi.nih​.gov/guidelines/cholesterol/index.htm and summarized in JAMA 2001;285(19):2486–97). Serum total cholesterol greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL (6.20 mmol/L) is considered high. Serum total cholesterol greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL and less than 240 mg/dL is considered borderline high.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2010
Health, United States, 2010: With Special Feature on Death and Dying.
National Center for Health Statistics (US).
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2011 Feb.

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