Table 22Life expectancy at birth, at 65 years of age, and at 75 years of age, by race and sex: United States, selected years 1900–2007

[Data are based on death certificates]

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Specified age and yearAll races White Black or African American 1
Both sexesMaleFemaleBoth sexesMaleFemaleBoth sexesMaleFemale
At birthRemaining life expectancy in years
19002,347.346.348.347.646.648.733.032.533.5
1950 368.265.671.169.166.572.260.859.162.9
1960 369.766.673.170.667.474.163.661.166.3
197070.867.174.771.768.075.664.160.068.3
198073.770.077.474.470.778.168.163.872.5
199075.471.878.876.172.779.469.164.573.6
199575.872.578.976.573.479.669.665.273.9
199976.773.979.477.374.679.971.467.874.7
200076.874.179.377.374.779.971.868.275.1
200176.974.279.477.474.879.972.068.475.2
200276.974.379.577.474.979.972.168.675.4
200377.174.579.677.675.080.072.368.875.6
200477.574.979.977.975.480.472.869.376.0
200577.474.979.977.975.480.472.869.376.1
200677.775.180.278.275.780.673.269.776.5
200777.975.480.478.475.980.873.670.076.8
At 65 years
1950 313.912.815.0- - -12.815.113.912.914.9
1960 314.312.815.814.412.915.913.912.715.1
197015.213.117.015.213.117.114.212.515.7
198016.414.118.316.514.218.415.113.016.8
199017.215.118.917.315.219.115.413.217.2
199517.415.618.917.615.719.115.613.617.1
199917.716.119.117.816.119.216.014.317.3
200017.616.019.017.716.119.116.114.117.5
200117.716.219.017.816.319.116.214.217.6
200217.816.219.117.916.319.216.314.417.7
200317.916.419.218.016.519.316.414.517.9
200418.216.719.518.316.819.516.714.818.2
200518.216.819.518.316.919.516.814.918.2
200618.517.019.718.617.119.817.115.118.6
200718.617.219.918.717.319.917.215.218.7
At 75 years
198010.48.811.510.48.811.59.78.310.7
199010.99.412.011.09.412.010.28.611.2
199511.09.711.911.19.712.010.28.811.1
199911.210.012.111.210.012.110.49.211.1
200011.09.811.811.09.811.910.49.011.3
200111.19.911.911.19.911.910.59.111.4
200211.09.911.911.19.911.910.59.211.4
200311.110.011.911.110.011.910.69.311.5
200411.410.312.211.410.312.210.89.511.7
200511.310.212.111.410.312.110.89.511.7
200611.610.512.311.510.512.311.19.812.0
200711.710.612.511.710.612.411.29.912.1
- - -

Data not available.

1

Data shown for 1900–1960 are for the nonwhite population.

2

Death registration area only. The death registration area increased from 10 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.) in 1900 to the coterminous United States in 1933. See Appendix II, Registration area.

3

Includes deaths of persons who were not residents of the 50 states and D.C.

NOTES: Populations for computing life expectancy for 1991–1999 are 1990-based postcensal estimates of U.S. resident population. See Appendix I, Population Census and Population Estimates. In 1997, life table methodology was revised to construct complete life tables by single years of age that extend to age 100 (Anderson RN. Method for constructing complete annual U.S. life tables. NCHS. Vital Health Stat 2(129). 1999). Previously, abridged life tables were constructed for 5-year age groups ending with 85 years and over. Life table values for 2000 and later years were computed using a slight modification of the new life table method due to a change in the age detail of populations received from the U.S. Census Bureau. Values for data years 2000–2007 are based on a newly revised methodology that uses vital statistics death rates for ages under 66 and modeled probabilities of death for ages 66 to 100 based on blended vital statistics and Medicare probabilities of dying and may differ from figures previously published. The revised methodology is similar to that developed for the 1999–2001 decennial life tables. Starting with 2003 data, some states allowed the reporting of more than one race on the death certificate. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget Standards for comparability with other states. See Appendix II, Race. Some data have been revised and differ from previous editions of Health, United States. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System; Grove RD, Hetzel AM. Vital statistics rates in the United States, 1940–1960. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968; Arias E, Rostron BL, Tejada-Vera B. United States life tables, 2005. National vital statistics reports; vol 58 no 10. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS. 2010. Xu J, Kochanek KD, Murphy SL, Tejada-Vera B. Deaths: Final Data for 2007. National vital statistics reports; vol 58 no 19. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS. 2010.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2010
Health, United States, 2010: With Special Feature on Death and Dying.
National Center for Health Statistics (US).
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2011 Feb.

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