Table 14Breastfeeding among mothers 15–44 years of age, by year of baby’s birth and selected characteristics of mother: United States, average annual 1986–1988 through 2002–2004

[Data are based on household interviews of samples of women of childbearing age]

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Selected characteristics of mother1986–19881989–19911992–19941995–19981999–20012002–2004
Percent of babies breastfed
Total54.153.357.664.466.573.3
Age at baby’s birth
Under 20 years28.434.741.049.547.373.2
20–24 years48.244.350.055.959.366.2
25–29 years58.256.457.468.163.572.5
30–44 years68.666.070.272.880.078.4
Race and Hispanic origin1
Not Hispanic or Latina:
 White only59.158.461.766.568.779.1
 Black or African American only22.322.426.147.945.344.4
Hispanic or Latina55.657.063.871.276.076.5
Education2
No high school diploma or GED31.836.544.650.646.661.0
High school diploma or GED47.445.551.155.961.663.0
Some college, no bachelor’s degree62.261.464.370.175.670.4
Bachelor’s degree or higher78.480.682.582.081.391.5
Geographic region3
Northeast51.353.556.561.666.975.5
Midwest52.349.651.761.761.967.9
South44.643.648.658.160.970.2
West71.469.577.378.178.984.0
Percent of babies who were breastfed 3 months or more
Total34.631.833.645.848.453.2
Age at baby’s birth
Under 20 years18.5*10.5*11.730.030.048.8
20–24 years26.124.125.136.641.839.3
25–29 years36.932.335.646.343.750.5
30–44 years50.146.846.757.562.464.7
Race and Hispanic origin1
Not Hispanic or Latina:
 White only37.735.236.647.849.757.1
 Black or African American only11.611.513.329.633.730.1
Hispanic or Latina38.233.935.049.754.358.2
Education2
No high school diploma or GED21.817.625.233.937.045.8
High school diploma or GED28.228.027.436.943.143.2
Some college, no bachelor’s degree38.733.138.749.652.843.7
Bachelor’s degree or higher55.056.159.364.564.174.6
Geographic region3
Northeast29.937.236.448.248.861.1
Midwest30.331.530.142.042.844.1
South27.720.126.238.944.450.1
West52.442.945.358.259.264.5
*

Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error of 20%–30%.

1

Starting with 1995 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. Starting with 1995 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group. Prior to data year 1995, data were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1995 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. See Appendix II, Race.

2

Educational attainment is presented only for women 22–44 years of age. Education is as of year of interview. GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma. See Appendix II, Education.

3

NOTES: Data are based on single births to mothers 15–44 years of age at interview, including those births that occurred when the mothers were younger than 15 years of age. Data on breastfeeding during 1986–1994 are based on responses to questions in the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) Cycle 5, conducted in 1995. Data for 1995–2001 are based on the NSFG Cycle 6 conducted in 2002. Data for 2002–2004 are based on the NSFG Cycle 7 conducted in 2006–2008. See Appendix I, National Survey of Family Growth. Standard errors are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. Available from: http://www​.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle 5 (1995), Cycle 6 (2002), and Cycle 7 (2006–2008).

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2010
Health, United States, 2010: With Special Feature on Death and Dying.
National Center for Health Statistics (US).
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2011 Feb.

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