Table 126Personal health care expenditures, by source of funds and type of expenditure: United States, selected years 1960–2008

[Data are compiled from various sources by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services]

Click here for spreadsheet version

Type of personal health care expenditures and source of funds19601970198019902000200620072008
Amount
Per capita$ 125$ 299$ 932$2,394$ 4,032$ 5,901$ 6,186$ 6,411
Amount in billions
All personal health care expenditures1$ 23.3$ 62.9$214.8$607.6$1,139.2$1,762.9$1,866.4$1,952.3
Personal health care implicit price deflator2- - -13.328.758.683.0103.4106.9110.2
Percent distribution
All sources of funds100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 Out-of-pocket payments55.239.627.122.416.914.514.514.2
 Private health insurance21.422.328.533.735.436.035.635.4
 Other private funds2.02.84.35.05.04.24.33.9
 Government321.435.340.138.942.745.345.546.5
  Medicare. . .11.616.817.518.921.721.922.8
  Medicaid. . .8.011.511.516.416.216.316.2
  CHIP4. . .. . .. . .. . .0.20.40.40.5
Amount in billions
Hospital care expenditures5$ 9.2$ 27.6$101.0$251.6$ 416.9$ 649.4$ 687.6$ 718.4
Percent distribution
All sources of funds100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 Out-of-pocket payments20.79.05.44.53.33.23.23.2
 Private health insurance35.832.536.638.934.636.135.836.1
 Other private funds1.23.25.04.15.34.74.93.8
 Government342.255.253.052.556.955.956.056.9
  Medicare. . .19.426.127.029.828.928.529.4
  Medicaid. . .9.69.110.617.017.117.417.1
  CHIP4. . .. . .. . .. . .0.20.40.40.4
Amount in billions
Physician and clinical services expenditures$ 5.4$ 14.0$ 47.1$157.5$ 288.6$ 446.5$ 472.6$ 496.2
Percent distribution
All sources of funds100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 Out-of-pocket payments61.746.230.419.211.110.410.410.1
 Private health insurance29.830.135.542.747.349.349.248.7
 Other private funds1.41.63.97.27.76.56.56.4
 Government37.222.130.231.033.833.933.834.7
  Medicare. . .11.817.018.620.220.420.220.7
  Medicaid. . .4.65.24.56.67.07.07.3
  CHIP4. . .. . .. . .. . .0.30.40.50.5
Amount in billions
Nursing home expenditures6$ 0.8$ 4.0$ 18.5$ 52.6$ 95.3$ 125.1$ 132.4$ 138.4
Percent distribution
All sources of funds100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 Out-of-pocket payments77.352.035.736.130.126.026.826.7
 Private health insurance0.00.21.15.68.37.47.47.4
 Other private funds6.34.84.07.24.83.63.93.7
 Government316.443.059.251.156.863.061.962.2
  Medicare. . .3.51.73.210.616.817.618.6
  Medicaid. . .23.355.445.844.143.641.440.6
  CHIP4. . .. . .. . .. . .0.00.00.00.0
Amount in billions
Home health expenditures$ 0.1$ 0.2$ 2.4$ 12.6$ 30.5$ 53.0$ 59.3$ 64.7
Percent distribution
All sources of funds100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 Out-of-pocket payments12.59.415.217.917.910.910.210.1
 Private health insurance2.53.014.722.922.710.69.69.0
 Other private funds66.738.715.67.74.02.11.91.8
 Government317.448.854.551.655.476.478.379.1
  Medicare. . .26.726.826.028.039.740.841.2
  Medicaid. . .6.711.717.122.133.534.334.7
  CHIP4. . .. . .. . .. . .0.00.00.00.0
Amount in billions
Prescription drug expenditures$ 2.7$ 5.5$ 12.0$ 40.3$120.6$217.0$226.8$234.1
Percent distribution
All sources of funds100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 Out-of-pocket payments96.082.470.355.527.721.621.620.7
 Private health insurance1.38.814.826.449.344.343.142.1
 Other private funds0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
 Government32.78.814.918.123.034.135.337.2
  Medicare. . .0.00.00.51.718.220.322.2
  Medicaid. . .7.611.712.616.78.88.38.3
  CHIP4. . .. . .. . .. . .0.30.70.70.7
Amount in billions
Dental services expenditures$ 2.0$ 4.7$ 13.3$ 31.5$ 62.0$ 90.7$ 96.4$101.2
Percent distribution
All sources of funds100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 Out-of-pocket payments97.291.066.448.544.644.344.344.1
 Private health insurance1.94.528.648.550.549.649.348.6
 Other private funds0.00.00.20.20.30.10.10.1
 Government30.94.54.82.84.66.06.37.2
  Medicare. . .0.00.00.00.10.10.20.2
  Medicaid. . .3.53.82.43.74.85.25.9
  CHIP4. . .. . .. . .. . .0.40.70.60.7
Amount in billions
All other personal health care expenditures7$ 3.3$ 6.9$ 20.5$ 61.5$125.4$181.1$191.5$199.3
Percent distribution
All sources of funds100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 Out-of-pocket payments78.173.069.258.141.234.334.334.1
 Private health insurance1.32.46.712.713.113.213.213.3
 Other private funds5.65.05.66.45.55.15.15.1
 Government315.019.618.522.740.247.447.347.5
  Medicare. . .1.03.56.99.911.912.012.8
  Medicaid. . .3.03.06.420.426.727.027.0
  CHIP4. . .. . .. . .. . .0.20.40.40.5
. . .

Category not applicable.

0.0 Quantity more than zero but less than 0.05.

1

Includes all expenditures for specified health services and supplies other than expenses for program administration, net cost of private health insurance, and government public health activities.

2

Constructed from the Producer Price Index for hospital care, Nursing Home Input Price Index for nursing home care, and Consumer Price Indices specific to each of the remaining personal health care components.

3

Includes other government expenditures for these health care services, for example, care funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs, and state and locally financed subsidies to hospitals.

4

Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Medicaid CHIP expansions are included.

5

Includes expenditures for hospital-based nursing home and home health agency care.

6

Includes expenditures for care in freestanding nursing homes. Expenditures for care in hospital-based nursing homes are included with hospital care.

7

Includes expenditures for other professional services, other nondurable medical products, durable medical equipment, and other personal health care, not shown separately. See Appendix II, Health expenditures, national.

NOTES: Percents may not add to totals because of rounding. The Medicare and Medicaid programs began coverage in 1965. The Children’s Health Insurance Program began coverage in 1997. Data have been revised and differ from previous editions of Health, United States.

SOURCE: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Office of the Actuary, National Health Statistics Group, National Health Expenditure Accounts, National health expenditures, 2008. Available from: http://www​.cms.hhs.gov​/NationalHealthExpendData/.

Category not applicable.

Includes all expenditures for specified health services and supplies other than expenses for program administration, net cost of private health insurance, and government public health activities.

Constructed from the Producer Price Index for hospital care, Nursing Home Input Price Index for nursing home care, and Consumer Price Indices specific to each of the remaining personal health care components.

Includes other government expenditures for these health care services, for example, care funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs, and state and locally financed subsidies to hospitals.

Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Medicaid CHIP expansions are included.

Includes expenditures for hospital-based nursing home and home health agency care.

Includes expenditures for care in freestanding nursing homes. Expenditures for care in hospital-based nursing homes are included with hospital care.

Includes expenditures for other professional services, other nondurable medical products, durable medical equipment, and other personal health care, not shown separately. See Appendix II, Health expenditures, national.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2010
Health, United States, 2010: With Special Feature on Death and Dying.
National Center for Health Statistics (US).
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2011 Feb.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.