Search: ADHD – Diagnosis Q1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6
Interface: OVIDDatabases: CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PSYCINFO
1(attention deficit$ or attention disturbance or disruptive behavior).sh.
2adhd.tw.
3addh.tw.
4ad hd.tw.
5ad??hd.tw.
6((adult$ or child$) adj2 add$1).tw.
7(attenti$ adj3 deficit$).tw.
8hyperactiv$.mp.
9(hyper adj1 activ$).tw.
10hyperkin$.mp.
11(hyper adj1 kin$).tw.
12hkd.tw.
13(minimal adj1 brain).tw.
14(brain dysfunction and (ritalin or methylphenidate)).mp.
15((child$ or adult$) adj3 (disrupt$ or attention$ or inattent$ or impulsiv$ or overactiv$)).tw.
16or/1–15
17comorbid$.mp.
18((dysfunction$ or function$) adj2 (change$ or executive$ or deficit$ or impair$)).tw.
19(neuropsychopatholog$ or psychopatholog$ or pathophysiolog$).mp.
20prevalen$.mp. and (diagnos$.mp. or di.fs.)
21((neuropsychological test$ or psychiatric status rating scales or psychological test$ or psychometrics or mental status schedule or mental test or neuropsychological assessment or psychometry or rating scale$ or scales or test$).sh. or (DSM-IV and ICD-10).tw.) and (diagnos$.mp. or di.fs.))
22“Diagnostic and Statistical Manual”/or “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders”/
23(affective symptoms or behavioral symptoms or clinical feature or symptom or symptoms).sh.
24attention deficit disorder/ss or attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity/ss or hyperkinesis/ss or hyperkinesia/ss
25(attention deficit disorder/di or attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity/di or hyperkinesis/di or hyperkinesia/di) and symptom$.mp.
26((adhd or attention deficit$ or hyperactiv$ or hyperkin$ or detect$ or diagnos$ or identif$ or pattern$ or recogni$ or warning$) adj2 (signs or symptom$)).tw.
27(clinical adj (feature$ or characteristic$) adj2 (adhd or attention deficit$ or hyperactiv$ or hyperkines$)).tw.
28(symptom$ adj3 (impulsiv$ or inattenti$ or overactiv$)).tw.
29or/17–28
30persistence.mp. and (age factors or age of onset or aging).sh.
31(persist$ adj3 (adhd or attention deficit$ or hyperactiv$ or hyperkin$ or minimal brain$ or age or aging or adulthood)).tw.
32(age$ adj3 (decline$ or less$ or reduc$)).tw.
33or/30–32
34attention deficit disorder/rf or attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity/rf or hyperkinesis/rf or hyperkinesia/rf
35(prediction or predictive$).sh.
36((predict$ or development$) adj3 (adhd or attention deficit or hyperactiv$ or hyperkin$ or minimal brain)).tw.
37(trajector$ adj2 (development$ or symptom$)).tw.
38“age of onset”.sh. and (rf or di).fs.
39or/34–38
40(environment or home environment or social environment or genetic$ or heredity).sh.
41((continuity or change$) adj3 symptom$).tw.
42((environment$ or gene or genes or genetics or heredit$ or heritabl$ or social environment) adj3 (symptom$ or adhd or attention deficit$ or hyperactiv$ or hyperkin$ or minimal brain$)).tw.
43or/40–42
44(cognition or cognitive ability or mental performance or neuropsychology or neuropsychological test$ or psychometric$).sh. and di.fs.
45((neurocognitiv$ or neuropsychological$) adj2 (performance$ or measure$ or test$) adj10 diagnos$).tw.
46or/44–45
47(familial disease or family or family characteristics or relatives).sh.
48(famil$ adj2 (subform$ or subtype$ or antisocial$ or psychopatholog$)).tw.
49((subform$ or subtype$) adj2 (adhd or attention deficit or hyperactiv$ or hyperkin$ or minimal brain)).tw.
50or/47–49
51(“Diagnostic and Statistical Manual”/or “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders”/) and (validity or validation$ or reproducibility or results).sh.
52(dsm-iv adj5 valid$).tw.
53or/51–52
54(disease course or genetic heterogeneity or symptom chronology).sh.
55((course adj2 (clinical or disease$ or disorder$ or progressive or longitudinal or naturalistic or recurrent)) or disease progression or symptom chronology).tw.
56risk$.mp. or attention deficit disorder/rf or attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity/rf or hyperkinesis/rf or hyperkinesia/rf
57or/54–56
58or/33, 39, 43, 46, 50, 53, 57
59(environment$ or genetic$ or genome$ or heredit$ or molecular genetic$ or social environment).sh.
60attention deficit disorder/ge or attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity/ge or hyperkinesis/ge or hyperkinesia/ge
61((environment$ or gene or genes or genetic$ or genome$ or heredit$ or heritabl$ or environment$ or sibling$) adj5 (adhd or attention deficit$ or hyperactiv$ or hyperkin$ or minimal brain)).tw.
62or/59–61
63exp magnetic resonance imaging/or exp nuclear magnetic resonance imaging/
64(magnetic resonance imag$ or magneti? transfer imag$ or ((mr or nmr) adj imag$) or mri$1).tw.
65(positron-emission tomography or positron emission tomography or tomography, emission-computed).sh.
66((positron adj2 tomograph$) or (pet adj2 scan$)).tw.
67exp computer assisted tomography/or exp tomography, x-ray computed/
68((comput$ adj2 tomograph$) or cat scan$).tw.
69(single photon emission computer tomography or tomography, emission-computed, single-photon).sh.
70(single photon emission comput$ tomograph$ or spect$1).tw.
71exp electroencephalography/or exp electroencephalogram/
72((brain adj (activity or wave or electric activit$)) or eeg$1 or electr$ encephalogram).tw.
73neuroimag$.mp.
74or/63–73
75(familial disease or family or family background or family characteristics or family life or heredity or relatives).sh.
76(environment or environmental factor$ or environmental stress or family environment$ or home environment or social environment or environmental exposure).sh.
77((family or families or heredit$ or heritabl$) adj3 (adversity or contribut$ or effect$ or factor$ or influence$)).tw.
78(environment$ adj3 (adversity or contribut$ or effect$ or factor$ or influence$)).tw.
79(education$ adj3 (adversity or contribut$ or effect$ or factor$ or influence$)).tw.
80or/75–79
81or/62, 74, 80
82or/29, 58, 81

From: APPENDIX 8, SEARCH STRATEGIES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF DIAGNOSTIC STUDIES, CLINICAL STUDIES AND REVIEWS

Cover of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Diagnosis and Management of ADHD in Children, Young People and Adults.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 72.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (UK).
Leicester (UK): British Psychological Society (UK); 2009.
Copyright © 2009, The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists.

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. Enquiries in this regard should be directed to the British Psychological Society.

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