Fetal growth restriction

Failure of adequate growth of the fetus in the womb. Ultrasound is used to estimate fetal weight and other measures of somatic growth. These measurements are compared with those expected for the gestational age of the fetus. A fetus can be smaller than expected but entirely normal. Poor growth of the fetus on repeated measurement usually indicates inadequate delivery of nutrition from the placenta, but can also be due to other processes such as intrauterine infection or chromosomal disorders. A fetus with growth restriction may be at a greater risk of stillbirth, birth asphyxia, neonatal complications and abnormal neurodevelopment. Previously known as intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).