Table 4.2Outcomes of pregnancy beyond 39 weeks of gestation: perinatal complications per 1000 births

StudyGestational age (weeks)Denominator
39404142434445
5 minute Apgar score < 7
Norwaya,281218183027 514 births
USAd,1922356 317 births
Meconium aspiration
Norwaya,281829514727 514 births
Meconium-stained liquor
Israelc,2412517521525037730 478 births
Septicaemia/sepsis
Denmarke,2737–41 weeks: 3.642–45 weeks: 5.234 140 births (GA 37–41 weeks); 77 956 births (GA 42–45 weeks)
USAd,1911356 317 births
Admission to neonatal intensive care unit
USAd,1945656 317 births
Antepartum stillbirth and stillborn/1000 ongoing pregnancies
Scotlandd,260.40.60.71.03700 878 ongoing pregnancies
UKd,210.50.91.31.62.1171 527 births
USAc,202.52.02.12.32.7367 597 live births
USAd,1921256 317 births
Denmarke,2737–41 weeks: 1.842–45 weeks: 2.234 140 births (GA 37–41 weeks); 77 956 births (GA 42–45 weeks)
Norwaya,284581527 514 births
Intrapartum stillbirth/1000 live births
Scotlandd,260.20.30.30.40700 878 ongoing pregnancies
Neonatal deaths
Scotlandd,260.480.60.60.60.8700 878 ongoing pregnancies
UKd,211.21.20.71.81.6171 527 births
USAd,190.20.20.656 317 births
Denmarke,2737–41 weeks: 0.942–45 weeks: 1.534 140 births (GA 37–41 weeks); 77 956 births (GA 42–45 weeks)
Irelandc,3537–42 weeks: 0.7> 42 weeks: 1.656 248 live births (GA 37–42 weeks); 6269 live births (GA > 42 weeks)
Perinatal deaths
UKd,215.34.23.76.05.8171 527 births
Irelandc,3537–42 weeks: 4.5> 42 weeks: 6.756 248 live births (GA 37–42 weeks); 6269 live births (GA > 42 weeks)
a

Induced labours included: 9%.

b

Induced labours included: 12%.

c

Unclear whether study included induced labours.

d

Induced labours included, number not reported.

e

Induced labours excluded.

From: 4, Induction of labour in specific circumstances

Cover of Induction of Labour
Induction of Labour.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 70.
National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).
London: RCOG Press; 2008 Jul.
Copyright © 2008, National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health.

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